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The Billings County Pioneer
Beach, North Dakota
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January 14, 1960     The Billings County Pioneer
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January 14, 1960
 

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BILLINGS COUNTY PIONEER , History of Ups and Downs DURUM PI?.ODUCTION 19S5 IgS9 ral The above bar graph shows bow the production of durum has been unsteady through the years. In order to keep a good marke# for durum, production must be constant to assure manufacturers of macaroni, spagheill and noodles, a sure supply of raw material, North Dakota durum growers ried around 40 varieties of maca- will have to maintain both quality ram, spaghetti, and consumer pro- and production in order to keep a ducts. steady market, according to Pauli E. R. Abrahamson. administrato"1 of the North Dakota State Wheat I Commission. ! The failure of durum glowers tJ maintain a steady supply of quality durum forces macaroni manufac- turers to turn to substitutes Abm~- hamson explained. Once they turn to substitutes, such as farina from hard red wheat, the market begins to decline. The North Dakota Experiment Station in Fargo has been making great strides in bringing out new varieties of durum, A~rahamson ex plalned. Just recently, the statmn announced the release of Wells and Lakota varieties, both of which are shorter strawed o give strength against lodging. "~We have the varieties neces- sary for meeting the demands," Ab- rahamson said. "In fact. we are ahead in durum breeding over what we would like to be in hard red spring wheat development." North Dakota consumers are not supporting durum products like they do throughout the nation, Abrahamson said. Consumption in the state is about half the national per Capita rate. *'We've go a good product here in macaroni and spaghetti but we're not aupportting it." he administra- tor continued. "These products are economical, tasty, easy to prepare. nutritious, and versatile." ] Surveys made recently in Dcvilst Lake and Minor indicated that pro- I duetS made from re~l durum re-t sulted 'in greatdr sails, stores car- North Dakota's new wealth from four major sources in 1959 was about 17 per cent below a year a~o, according to the Greater North Da- kota Association's 35th annual econ- omic review. Tile four sources of income--agri- culture, mineral production, tourism and manufacturing--returned a cash value of $680,957,261, as compared with $819.(369.720 in 1958. A sharp decline in agricultural income, due chiefly to drought and heat conditions over a large part of the state, more than offset minor increases in new money gained from the other three sources. GNDA. in tabulating figures of the USDA agricultural marketing servme m Fargo, estimates the total cash value of 1959 farm production at $538,944.000. This estimate com- pares to the 1958 USDA value of farm marketings, including govern- ment payments, of $558,558,000. (The GNDA estimate is based on the actual and anticipated sales from the 1959 farm year.) Despite the drop, agriculture alone accounted for 79 per cent of the new wealth reported by GNDA. Hard Red spring wheat, barley TOUCH OF PARIS--Barbara Eisenhower has her hair fixed in Paris by one of the best-known hairdressers in the world as she gets ready for an evening out in the gay city. Alexandre, ol the Fauborg St Hono~ is putting finishing, touches on the "Pharaoh" style haircTff:~healso got a facial in the salon. License Applicants Floor Corridor O 8% and flaxseed led the decline in a~rieultural income with a drop of more than 125 million dollars in actual and anticipated farm marketings from the 1959 crop. Pro- duction of hard red spring wheat was the smallest since 1954. Of all crops, only potatoes re- turned more cash farm income to farmers in 1959 than 1958. Pro- duction was off by 18 per cent but higher prices more than offset the short crop, The gradual transition of North Dakota agriculture from a grain- based economy to a combination grain and livestock one is evidenc- ed in the stability of farm receipts from marketings of livestock and livestock products. Income from livestock and live- stock products in 1959, despite gen-I erally " lower prmes, nearly reach- ed the record volume of $219,354,- 000 in 1958. Total cash income from livestock in 1959. GNDA estimates, amounted to $217,000,000 or about 40 per cent of the state's total cash farm income. I Hard red spring wheat led allI commodities, accounting for abod,[ 28 per cent of the new farm incomeI resulting from production in 1959. f Income from cattle and calves was second with about 24 per cent. The state ranked first in the nation in the production of hard red spring wheat, durum, barley, rye and flax. second for all wheat and wild hay, fifth for potatoes. eighth in oats, and twelfth in sugar beets. The GNDA estimate of income re- sulting from the 1959 crop and live- stock year-- $538,944,000--compares with the record $704,366,000 from farm marketings in 1948. Other US- DA estimates of farm marketings including government payments, gre $685.558.000 in 1958; $589,876,000 in 1957:$583.294.000 in 1956; $519,787,- 000 in 1955:$456.816.000 in 1954 and $478.390.000 in 1953. Mineral Income Up An increase of 2 million dollars in the value of oil and gas pro- duction in North Dakota accounted for a rise in new wealth from min- erals. Oil and gas production was valu- ed at $47.500.000 by Dr. "Wilson M. Laird. state geologist. Total estimated oil production for 1959 was 17,500,000 barrels, valued at approximately $45,000,000. Value of gas sold in the state and its by- products was estimated at 2 rail- KILLER WIPES OUT F~ILY--Shot to death by a mystery killer, Cliff Walker, 25; his son, Jimmy, 3, and wife, Christine, 22, lie sprawled out on the floor of their Osprey, Fla home. An other child, Debbie, 2, was found drowned in the bathtub. Police, who admit they have no clue to the slayer, believe he was waiting for the young ranch hand and his family when they returned from an auto ride and was an expert marksman. lion dollars by Dr. Laird. A total of 1,234 oil wells were pro- ducing in the state as of Dec. 1 from 76 oil fields. Through Dec. 10, 226 of 404 wells drilled during the year were completed as producers. Lignite Rises The value of North Dakota's Lig- nite production for the year ending June 30 was up slightly from the preceding year, reversing a down- ward trend dating back to 1956. George B. Easton, state mine in- spector, fixed the total valuation at $5.513,261, up $101,541 from the 1958 total of $5,411,720. Production of 2,430,162 tons was up 104,617 tons from 1958 but nearly 1 million tons below the "peak of 3,280,847 tons mined in 1951. Production of other minerals-- sand. gravel, stone and clays--was valued by GNDA at about $7,000,- 000 or the same as 1958. Mannfa~turing Up The value added to cqmmodities through manufacturing in North Da- kota in 1959 was estimated by GNDA at $57,000,000 compared to the as- sociation's estimate of $55,000,000 in 1958 and the Bureau of Census estimate of $51,836,000 in 1957. North Dakota's income from out- of state tourists is thought to be up nearly 10 per cent or about $2 mil- lion above the 22 million dollar estimate of 1958. The GNDA estimate of tourist in- come is based largely on regional and national trends and visitation count. Total "visitor days" record- ed by the state's major tourist area, Theodore Roosevelt National Me- morial Park, amounted to slightly more than 190,000 in 1959, compared to 172,017 in 1958. They Don't Want to Leave An, y Out Deputy Tax Commissioner B. B. Conyne and All told, the ~b contain 170,000 forms, each of State Commissioner J. Arthur Engen were on hand which will return before April 15 with an average Wednesday to give a flung sendoff to the more than payment of $40. Z0O sacks of North Dakota Personal Income Tax forms. The long line in the State Capitol1 eeived their 1960 tags before the IBM section of the Registrar's of-I I corridor this week led eventually[ deadline. [flee were busy this week tallyingl The Ice Skating Season Is Here ~o the Motor Vehicle Registrar sI Below, Francis Ely holds one of land balancing revenue. The machine the orange tabs which should be behind Ely is used for printing ap- office, where license applicants re-I displayed Jan. 1 Machines in the plications, Ice skaters play Follow-the-Lead-and general ice skating at the samesouth 16th St. Eight of the rinks have