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The Billings County Pioneer
Beach, North Dakota
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January 29, 1959     The Billings County Pioneer
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January 29, 1959
 

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"&apos;'''':< COUNTY PIONEER t BALLOONISTS FrY IN--Three crew members of the balloon Small World, which crossed the Atlantic Ocean in 26 days, arrive in New York by plane. They are (I. to r.): Colin Mudie; his wife, Rosemary, and Arnold Eiolart. The balloonists took off from the Canar7 Ialands and came down in the Barbados. NDAC STUDIES HOW GRASSHOPPERS TICK We may have to revise some of our ideas regarding grasshoppers. Acting on the theory that you have to know your enemy before you can control him. entomologists of the North Dakota Agricultural experiment station have been study- ing the life habits of some of the more troublesome North Dakota grasshoppers. Dr. Gregor B. Mul- kern is in charge of the project. It has been believed that th:: hatching of grasshoppers in alfalfa fields was delayed until after th, alfalfa was cut, since the alfalfa shaded the ground and kept it from being warma=l by the sun. After the first cutting the sun warmed the ground and the eggs developed rapidly. The researchers have observed that the red-legged grasshoppers hatch at approximately the sanle time in fields cut one to four weeks apart and at the same time as they hatch in pastures and exposed areas. It has been thought that alfalfa is red-legged grasshoppers. The studies indicate that alfalfa alone is not the main and preferred food of the enough for its development and sur- vival. Grasshoppers in alfalfa fields eat many other plants in the field mainly we6ds and grasses, and the proportionate amount of other plants eaten indicate that these plants are preferred. It vaay be that certain weea ann grass species are essentta, or normal development and sur- vival of the grasooppers, In studying the food habits of grasshoppers, the North Dakota re- searchers have borrowed a tech- nique from the birdmen--instead of watching what plants the insects are eating, they net a quantity of feeding grasshoppers, and kill and preserve them. They make notes of all kinds of plants growing in the particular field. Later they examine the contents of the grasshopper crops and determine comparatively accurately the various kinds and amounts of plant material the in- sects had eaten in relation to food plants available. Size or maturity is more import- ant than age for determining when L to breed heifers. t INO DIE IN CAR PLUNGE--In a dramatle pre-dawn scene, a New York policeman watches from a boat as a derrick grap- pling hook hauls from the East River, New York, a car con- raining two badly. It was said that the auto had parked in a spot reserved for trucks and the driver, alarmed when a police rr came up, stepped on the gas and sent the car into the river. ::i,;::i:i::,ii:i!V ::ill: ': i ':::+ ::: ii!iiii "".:i:i:i::! ,.. iiiiiiiii:.:ii. ': :..: i i::i/  i li} MIKOYAN GREETED AND HOOTED--Two types of greeting awaited Soviet Deputy Premier Anastas Mikoyan on his ar- rival in San Francisco. At top he waves to a group of civic leaders at the airport while (bottom) demonstrators, some wearing masks, stage one of the roughest "welcomes" faced by the visitor during his U. S. tour. Later, he was applauded when he addressed a banquet o the World Trades Council. Den00oc00ats Name Policy t ',re Democrats in tlae state legislature will coordinate their programs through a policy committee of six and a legislative committee of six. The policy committee consists of: Sens, Walter R. Fiedler of McLean C. W. Schrock of Eddy--Foster and. Jerome Nesvig of Traill, and Reps. William L. Guy of Cass, Halver Rolfsurd of McKenzie and Walter O. Burk of Williams. Sen. Ry Vends01 af Reville, Senate minority leader, said the policy committee will decide wheth- er there will be party espousal of 1 proposed legislation being submit-/prices have held up fairly well this ted by Democrats. i past fall, the large fall farrowing The legislative committee, which coming to market this winter will reduce prices then. There's a possi- will engineer party backing of bills, ble price decline in store for next consists of Sens. Philip Berube all fall, Anderson says, and the extent Rolette, Charles L. Murphy of Mor-[ of it will depend on how well hog ton and John O. Caraas of McKen-] producers are restrained from over- zie, and Reps. Walter Hjelle of Me- I expansion. The degree of expansion Lean, Elmer J. Stand of Traill and and the success of building the de- Emil Anderson of McHenry.  mand for pork will help answer the --U--- ] long term hog outlook. MIXED PRICE PICTURE The extension economist looks for FOR LIVESTOCK IN 1959 with probably no more than a small Though a good 1958 year has drop from 1958. Sheep production piled up the largest supply of feed is increasing but not excessively. grains on record, the livestock it- However, sheep prices are usually uation for 1959 looks better than influenced by the general level of does the outlook for crops, livestock prices, so in the longer Harry G. Anderson, NDAC e- view, some price decline can be ex- tension economist, expects 1959 cat- peered. tie prices to average out about as high as 1958, especially for the higher grades. Since cow herds are in the build- up stage, the prices of cows and  feeder calves will remain high in relation to fed cattle prices, Ander-i son thinks. Also good news for cattle[ breeders, there should be a big fe lot demand for calves next year. Anderson predicts, that heifer calves will share this demand, setting up ;some competition between feeder and breeder for them. Consumer demand next year is expected to be a big help in supporting beef prices A gloomier picture is seen for hogs. "Numbers up the prices down" I is to be expected when you have t such a large feed supply earmarked l :for hogs. The feed's market value[ is relatively low. Although hog STATE AUDITOR SHOWS $3 MILLION INCREASE State Auditor Curtis Olon re- ports that in the past two years his department has turned over more than $19 million in gasoline and special fuel taxes to the high- way department's road building fund. This represents an increase at more than $3 million over the 1955- 56 figure, Olson said. firm sheep and lamb prices in 1959 Actual figures are: 1955 and 1956 --$15,@3,610.03; 1957- and 1958--- $19,302,919.38 The two-year difference amounts to $3,499,309.35. Olson said that he contributed the increased revenue to more ef- ficient operation, particularly re- garding refunds on gasoline and special fuels. The office has install- ed a new system of determining re- funds and of compiling results that has contributed immensely to the overall saving, Olson said. In past years refunds amounted to approximately 52 per cent. Dur- ing the past two years refunds have been reduced to 38 per cent, des- rite the fact that gasoline and spe- cial fuel sales have increased more than three per cent, Olson pointed out. The highway department's road building program is geared to avail- able funds and each year the Aud- itor's office estimates the amount of [ revenue expected from gasoline and ]special fuels taxes. The savings [made in gas tax refunds this year I will be available for additional l road building programs in 1959, O]son said. The Lone Ranger By Fran Strike00 ON 7"/a -'/ "   [ A I 0 LA,;v w/,. you,Dw z .....  ,.:. ::iii WHO ,OED lfY Aql, "i .  i '! J !i. ' ! ' i'!i