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The Billings County Pioneer
Beach, North Dakota
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February 11, 1960     The Billings County Pioneer
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February 11, 1960
 

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Val Gerving Heads St. Paul Farm Credit Board Val Gerving, Glen Ullin rancher, has been elected chairman of the Farm Credit Board of St. Paul which held its annual meeting re- cently in S.t. Paul. Gerving, president of the Pro- duction Credit Assn. of Mandan, is Serving his second three-year term on the Farm Credit Board ot St. Paul. He was elected to th~ board by the 54 Production Credit association in North Dakota, Min- r, esota, Wisconsin and Michigan. Herbert F. Johnson, Hadley Minn farmer is vice chairman of the board. He was elected to the board by the Federal Land Bank associ- ations in the four states. The seven members of the Farm Credit Board of St. Paul also serve as the directors of the Federal Land Bank of Saint Paul. the Federal Intermediate Credit Bank of St. Paul, and the St. Paul Bank for Cooperatives. Farraers and. their cooperaTaves in the four-state area used these banks and their affiliated credit institutions to obtain more than $400 million to use in their farm business operations during 1959. The Federal Land Bank of Saint Paul maded more than 8.000 farm morg~ge loans through the local Federal Land Bank association for a total of $80 million. The Produc- tion Credit associations which made loans totaling' in excess o~f $218 million discount their loans with the Federal Intermediate Credit Bank. This bank also discounted almost $12 million of farmer ,loans for other organizations. The St. Paul Bank for Cooperatives loaned in ex- cess of $104 million to farmers' co- operatives during the year. Other members of the Farm Cred- it Board of St. Paul are Lester J. Allen, Ithaca, Mich.: Glenn C. Liver- more, 'Romeo, Mich.; Guido Schro- eder, West Bend. Wis : A. J. Smaby, Minneapolis. Minn.; and Kenneth E. Wallin, Shawano, Wis. Cheese Plant Sei For Slrasburg Thenewly incorporated Emmons County Cheese Corp. at Strasburg is now constructing a plant which will sell much of its production to a national cheese processing firm. it is reported. Under construction is a 60 by 64 ft. metal building with attached lean to which will house the cheese- making equipment, heating unit and will provide storage space. Members of the board of directors of the Emmons County Cheese Corp. include R. W. Schreiner. president; D. M. Wagner, vice presi- dent; Mike A. Wolf. secretary-trea- surer: William V. Wolf and Floyd Van Beck. Schre':ner is also presi- dent of the Strasburg Civic Club. The board has hired Bob Rich- ardson, a Wisconsin cheese maker now living in Strasburg, as man- ager. The portion of the metal build- ing which will house the cheese- making equipment has already been completed and work is proceeding on the leanto structure for the furn- ace unit. Planning the project started a year ago. NDAC DEVELOPS NEW PLANT DISEASE TEST In 19~9, many North Dakota and Minnesota barley fields had con- siderable loose smut. with the per- cent~ge of smutted heads in some fields running as high as 30 per een~ the result of ~ulanting seed which has ~ecorne badly infected during the 1958 growing season. To help growers avoid a similar yield-loss situation in 1960. the North Dakota State Seed Depart- ment, Fargo, is offering a new ser- vice to seed growers and seeds-men a quick method of determining the amount of loose smoot in barley seed, using, a new technique devel- oper by Dr. Donald Morton, assist- tant pathologist for the North Dak- ota Agricultural Experiment Sta- tion. In using Dr. Morton's method, the seed is procesed to remove the em- bryo (germ) so they can be exa- mined under a microscope to deter- mine the percentage of seed infect- ed with loose smut. Another method would be to plant the seed in a greenhouse and count the infected plants, but this takes about two months. Dr. Morton's embroyo test can be made in a few hours. To avoid loose smut in a barley crop, y6u must use seed with little or no smut in.feetion. Chemical seed treatments used to control covered smut and other diseases will not control loose smut, explains L. A. Jensen, NDAC extenion agronomist. The amount of loose smut in a barley field dose not indicate the amount of the disease in the seed from that field, but only the per- centage of smut-infested seed that was planted. State Seed Department officials urge that harley samples to be test- ed be submitted now. A~bout 8 oun- ces of seu~d are enough. It should be mailed in a seed envelope or other strong carton. Results of the test will be more accprate if seed from each field is sampled and test~ ed separately. Ask for the "Embryo Test" by let- ter when submitting the sample. A charge of 5 dollars per sample will be made by the department. EWE SAID IT, this Dorset ram at the Pennsylvania Farm show in Harrisburg has about the biggest "earrings" in existence. Furthermore, he's the grand champion Dorset of the s how. The little lamb is L!nda Benton, 16, Columbi~t, Pa. Farm census e~hllmerato~s who Many people prefer medmm or violate an oath to keep information well-done, game, rather than rare furnishe-~ eo~ i,~en~ial ~,-~ st(~ject because after 1 er cooking ' ong any- to a maximum penalty of $1,000 or al " unusual aroma will have disappe "- imprisonment for two years or both. ed. Approximately a hundred mem- bers of the Burleigh County Mental Health Assn. heard Bismarck psy- chiatrist, Dr. Cecil Baker. trace the history or psychiatry and dis- cuss factors in mental illness Tues- day evening at Trinity Lutheran Church. It is a mistake to worship a techn- ique of treatment. Dr. Baker emp- hasized, as opposed to doing what is of benefit to the patient. Modern psychiatric scmnce recog- nizes that man is physiological. mobile, gregarious and a symbolic thinker, and he must be treated on all levels. Citing a recent magazine article on the practice, of psychiatry, Dr. Baker deplored a current tendency to regard the treatment of mental illness as a matter of dispensing pills or psychoanalysis, or a com- bination of both. Total treatment of mental illness, he explained, must take into ac- count physiological factors which may contribute to the condition which is to be corrected. In the evolution of psychiatry, various schools of thought have era- phasized specific contributory fact- ors to mental illness, whereas today, the science of psychiatry emphasizes a fusion of all recognized psycho- physiological treatment techniques. lenic culture stressed a so-called natural approach and m so doing, fostered the art of medicine.' Thus man's psychological nature came to be regarded apart from his physio- logical make-up. References m St. Paul and St. Augustine to the subconscious pre- ceded Sigmund Freud's later de- velop:nent of concepts linking sub- conscious processes with mental ill- ne~, Dr. Baker noted. The speaker touched briefly on contributions by Messmer, Adler, Levin, Jung and other pioneers in the field of psychiatry. Messmer emphasized the use of hypnotism, Freud developed the idea of sub- conscious factors, Levin stressed Man's relationship to his environ- ment and the existentialists develop- ed the concept of Man as a sym- bolic thinker with power to antici- pate death and catastrophy. Modern psychiatrists do not wish to identify with any single school of thought but seek rather to apply all available knowledge in their treatment of patients. Members of the Mental Health Assn. elected Eugene Rich president, Robert Lundberg yice president, Martha Dunn secretary and Mrs. Olov Gardebring treasurer. --4:3-- Bruce Johnson ing, plus some transmission lines in Iowa. Johnson. 47, will be director of reclamation for the regional area. Johnson is a native of Grand Forks and a graduate ,~f the Uni- versity of North Dt~k ~ta. He has been with the bureau 20 years 17 of them in North Dakota. Johnson said he has had no word of a successor here. At Billings he succeeds Frank Clinton. Clinton is being transferred March 1 to Salt Lake City, Utah, to have charge of the Upper Colorado re- gion. Rep. Don L. Short (R-ND) told the Associated Press in Bismarck, "It' is encouraging to note that Mr. Johnson will *be able to ma,ntain his long interest in the Garrison diversion project, which is of crit- ical importance to our state." Johnson has been a leader in support of the diversion plan, un- der which water would be taken from the Garrison reservoir for ir- rigation, municipal and industrial uses in eastern and southern North Dakota. As regional director, he will re- tain responsibility over the area in which the diversion progra,~n would operate. Johnson said he will go to Wash- ington Saturday to confer with Re- clamation bureau officials. He ex- pects also to appear as a witrN~ss later in behalf of the Garriso]l di- version authorizing legislation when ~t is taken up by congressional com- mittees. Dr. Baker noted that in early times the functions of the minister I !'11'1 1 ,P,p,~ Johnson will be honored at a test- or high priest, physician and psy- lransierre{1 m imonial dinner here Feb 4 tc~ be chiatrist were combined. In the l,~ attended by North Dakota congress- '1r'1-11- "~- ---- men, senators and federal officials, mightC urse function f a daY,in allthecapacities.high priest DllllnfIs. Are~ who will confer the same day on Bruce Jo~'nson, North Dakota ~ro- future plans for the diversion bill. "Until the time of Descartes," Dr Baker asserted, "such a dichotomy [ jects manager for the U. S. bureau [ Johnson said his family likely will remain m ~smarck until the spring would never have been thought of,[of Reclamation at Bismarck since[ . " or summer before moving to ~tl since the ancient practitioners re- 1947, has been assigned to ,he P.e- /" garded man as a whole. But Semitic gion 6 office at BillingsMont nngs. cultures soon ,began to stress a sup- effective March 1. --~--" Out-going president, Dr. Marlin The regional effice h:=s chargc l Store only well-matured, hard- Johnson, presided at the meeting, of projects in both Dakotas, Mon- shelled varieties of squash and ernatural approach, while the Hel-I tana, Minnesota and part of Wvo n-!pumpkins. "And I thought I was a good driver " granted ! Every driver should expect the unexpected and be prepared to react fast. Quick thinking in a pinch is a lifesaver: So don't take anything for granted. Overconfidence can dull the sharpest reflexes. Many of the 37,000 people killed on our highways last year might still be alive if good drivers never relied on chance. Drive as though your life depended on it--it does!