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The Billings County Pioneer
Beach, North Dakota
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February 16, 1961     The Billings County Pioneer
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February 16, 1961
 

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BILLINGS COUNTY PIONEER U. S. Pays $30.5 Million To N. D. Soil Bankers North Dakota farmers were paid an estimated $30.5 million by the federal government in its soil bank program. About $27.2 million was annual rental payment estimated Leslie D. Scahow of the North Dakota Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation committee. The rest was in cost-sharing payments for tablishing protective cover on the land. The purpose of the ASC is to protect and improve the soil while using it for agricultural production. North Dakota farm- ers face a serious problem of wind erosion, which they fight with rotation of seedlings o grasses and legumes. Other means of protecting precious top- so.il include strip croping and tree plantings. The federal gov- ernment shares in the costs. ,Daring 1960, assistance was re- quested on about 45,000 farms-- a large part of the state's land. Here are some of the facts released by the ASC this wee'$.: Sugar beets--1960 payments on sugar beets will amount to $1338,644.20. In 1960, an acreage allotment of 42,580 acres was'. North Dakota's--and nearly all of it was used. Next year ,because of smaller sugar supplies, the acreage re- strictions will be lifted. Price supPorts--The price support program, promoting or- derly marketing to stabilize agri- cultural prices, has a deadline of Jan. 31, 1961, for applications for supports on 1960 crops. Under the commodity loan and purchase agreement program, the grain may be stored either in ap- proved warehouses or on the farm. Because of this year's bumper crop, ASC officials anticipate a dramatic jump in the num- ber of bushels of North Dakota- grown commodities to be placed under price support. Totals of w a r e h o u s e-stored loans will jump from 1,63,684 bushels (1959 crop) to 10,750,000 (1960). Farm-stored loans will leap from 26,606,899 to 50,800,000. Purchase agreements (warehouse and farm) will increase from 9,564,508 to 20,500,000 bushels. Farm storage facility loans --This program, encouraging ex- pansion of farm storage labilities for grain, provides 4 per cent loans to cover 80 per cent of the cost of the erection or pur- chase price of any new storage facility. Since 1949, when the program was begun, some 12,414 loans have been made for units storing some 51 million bushels. ,Mobile drying unRs--Sim. ilar u me larm storage facility loan, this program has been used sparingly in North Dakota. So far, there are about 36 loans m North Dakota for this purpose. Wool incentive program-- This program, encouraging in- creased and high quality pro- duction, brought payments of $I,- 267,406 to more than 12,700 North Dakota producers. CCC grain storage struc- tures--Operated through county ASC offices, this program is op- erated to provide space for grain delivered by producers in settle- ment of commodity loans or purchases by the Commodity Credit Corp. Under pUrchase agreements made by Producers. Because of the Smaller 1969 crop, no increases occurred in the 1960 usage of the bins, The 1960 oc- cupancy rate has been holding at about 50 per cent. ASC of- ficials anticipate more of the un- used space to be devoted to the larger 1960 crop. Leasing activity of empty bins was light, partly because the percentage of fill in many of the bin sites was at a high level, leaving few bins available. Production insurance pro- grams--Acreage allotments for wheat were in effect in all North Dakota counties in 1960. Farm- ers voted throughout the Unit- ed States in 1959 to approve the marketing quotas for 1960. The ASC says wheat acreage allot- ments and marketing quotas are again in effect for the state's 1961 wheat crop They were ap- proved in a referendum last July. Soil bank--This controver- sial program reduces the acreage of all non-conserving crops and sets it aside into long-term con- tracts, requiring that the land be devoted to soil conserving use, By 1959, about 1,800,000 acres had been placed under contract and some 950,000 more acres were entered in the program in 1960, this brings the total acreage to about 2,750,0000 acres -- 9.9 per cent of the state's cropland. Under the conservation reserve program, payments to farmers and landowners are of two types. A cost-sharing payment is made to assist in establishing the nec- essary cover on the land. The other is a rental payment for keeping the land out of pro- duction and protecting it with an approved cover. The rental pay- ment is made each year of the contract for compliance with its terms. The North Dakota ASC com- mittee, administrators of the pro- gram, is made up of Clarence Anderson, Newburg, chairman; Malfred Skramstad, Valley City, and Edward Gion, Regent. E. J. Haselrud, director of exten- sion at the North Dakota State University, is an ex-officio mem- ber. NP Veep William J. Luchsinger f St. Pal has been named vice pres- ident-traffic o the Northern Pacific railway. His appointment to succeed the late Otto Kopp was announced recerttly by Pres7 ident Robert S. Macfarlane. xcept for two years in the Army Air Corps in World War I, Luchsinger has been with the N cortinuously since attending college. He has been general freigh nmnagqr in charge of sales and service since 1956. Tl uew traffic chief was born in Fargo, and after graduating from Jamestown high school and attending North Dakota State university, he entered Northern Pacific service as a relief tele- graph operator. Following service as an oper- ator and station agent on the old Dakota division, Luchsinger began his career in the traffic department as traveling freight agent in North Dakota. After a similar assignment in eastern Montana, he became chief clerk to the assistant general freight agent in St. Paul in 1926. He was subsequently assistant general freight agent in St. Paul and Duluth and eastern freight traffic manager with headquar- ters in New York City before returning to St. Paul as general freight traffic manager in Sept- ember, 1956. SANIA MARIA'S DE'INATION?--Here are two views of I.m-.anda, port and capital of Angola, Portuguese territory in Africa, where Henrlque Galvao and his band of "pirates" ar believed taking the liner Santa Maria. l:t this scene .from Metro.Golduryn-Mayer's Academy Award. wlnnln "Ben.Hur," Haya Harareet, as Esther, pleads with Charlton Heston (Ben.Hut) to forset his hatred of the Roman ]'he /illiam Wyler presentation was filmed in Italy and other foreign locales in color and MGM Camera 65. Research Project Tackles "Out-Migration" Prob|em J. Cameron Thompson of Minn-state gained 6,000. eapohs, president of the Upper Midwest Research and Develop- ment Council, told a joint ses- sion of the North Dakota Leg- islature recently that the state must provide more job oppor- tunities for its younger citizens, if it is to realize its full econ- omic potential. Thomson, who is former chair- man of the board of Northwest Baneorporation, discussed an economic survey being under- taken by the Council throughout the Ninth Federal Reserve Dis- strict. Answers to questions such as the main one confronting North Dakota--the creation of addition- al job opportunities for its younger persons--are expected to be evolved from considera- tion of results of the study, Thomson said. The council, established in 1959 and including leaders in virtually all fields of work, was described by Thomson as nonprofit and nonpolitical, and is dedicated to determining the basis for less favorable comparative economic progress in the Ninth Federal Reserve District and means of off-setting the situation. Citing North Dakota problems Thomson said this state--next to Arkansas and West Virginia, which lost in population in the last decade--showed the smallest record of growth between 1950 and 1960 of any state. "Its record was 2 per cent against 18 per cent for the United States as a whole," Thom- son said. "In total figures, your "However. the four principal cities gained 22,660, so you had a definite migration from the country districts to your prin- cipal cities. "In addition, you had an esti- mated out-migration of 95,000 people. Your 1960 population did not equal the 1950 population plus the net increase from births ever deaths." He saio the council's survey will have reports on migration patterns and an analysis of popu- lation shifts. "In common with other agri- cultural states," he continued in his reference to North Dakota, "you have shown a decrease in the number of farms and in the number of those employed on farms; but you have main- rained, as a result of efficient operation, the state's total gri- cultural production." He said the National Industrial Conference Board foresees there will be a further countrywide reduction in the number o acres in farm lands and a material reduction in the number of farms as well as in farm employment through 1970. Thomson saw the problem throughout the area as the same: "The primary factor affecting the economy of the Ninth Dis- trict is the continued decline in agricultural employment and the inability of the area to produce sufficient job opportunities to offset the decline in agricultural production, plus the natural in- crease in the labor force." @IVES UP--Donna Marie Weidemann, 19, looks a bit pensive in Chicago after giv- ing up on a 1959 kidnap charge. She and boyfriend Jimmie Allen Crose, 25, kid- naped a policeman in Yuma, Ariz. He got caught and got 15 years. "I'm tired of run- ntng,', she says. She called ' the sheriff in Yuma and told she would be waiting in a tavern for Chicago police. "I hope that private enterprise can provide the capital for the tremendous economic growth now in the offing in Alaska," he said. . AT&T Proposes .. New Service American Telephone and Tele- graph company this week pro- posed a new service which would create broad "Electronic High- ways" between specified points, over which almost all types of communications could be trans- mitted. Called "Telpak", the new Bell System Interstate service is tail- ored to the needs of business and government agencies need- ing a large volume of point-to- point communication. Telepak provides eommuniea- tios channels of various widths which can handie telephone calls, teletypewriter messages, control, signaling, facsimile, data and other transmission. rn a filing with the federal Communications commission, A. T. & T. said four sizes of Telpak channels would be offered, rarg- ing in capacity from the equiva- lent of 12 voice grade circuits to the equivalent of 240 voice grade circuits. Voice grade cir- cuits are those over which tele. phone conversations are carried. Facilities at the ends of a channel would be provided so customers can use it for the specific types of communications they need There are two basic charges involved in Telpak, a monthly rate per mile for the basic trans. mission path and differen! monthly rates for terminals Mileage charges for the smallest path, with a capacity equivalent to 12 voice grade circuits, would be $15 per month per airline mile. The largest size path to be offered initially, equivalent in cppacity to 240 voice grade eir- cus, would cost $45 per air- line mile per month. Terminal charges would vary depending o; ,*he tyI:e and number of term- inn, required. Bell System Telpak service will be highly flexible, tailored t, a customer's exact communi- cations needs and easily altered as hose needs change. Telpak is the second new service proposed by A. T & T m as many months In December, the company filed with the FCC for Wide Area Telephone Serv- ice. "wars" provides unlimited interstate calling within speci- fied areas at flat monthly rates. it is designed for the customer who does a large amount of call- ipg to widely :cattered and dis- ta poivs. The North Central states pro- duce 63 per cent of the nation's meat mimals, but consume only 3 per cent. People of the North- east eat 7 per cent of 1he nat- ion's food. but produce only 3 per cent of the met animals. As a general rule, the more processing done to a food, the dollar spent for that food. smaller the farmer share of the PENSIONED VETERANS MUST REPORT EARNINGS Approximately 3,128 disabled veterans and dependents of some 1,290 deceased veterans in North Dakota who receive monthly pension payments, are being re- minded by the Veterans adminis- tration to report their annual in- come promptly and avoid the risk of having their payments stopped. John R. Parrish, manager of VA's Center in Fargo, said today that all pension recipients are receiving a tabulating card along with their Jan. 1 checks. It is on this tabulating card that the in- come report must be made and returned to VA within 30 days. Pensions cease under the old pension law if the income of a single individual exceeds $1,400, or $2,700 if the recipient has de- pendents. Under the new law which went into effect last July 1, Parrish pointed out, pensions will cease if the income of a single indivi- dual exceeds $I,800, or $3,000 if the recipient has dependents. The amount of the pension may be reduced if the recipient's an- nual income rises from one of the lower income brackets - $600 and $1,200 for a single veteran or widow without dependents, and $1,000 and $2,000 for a veteran or widow with dependents. Dependent parents who receive dependency and indemnity eom- pensatmn also receive income questionnaires and their pay- ments are similarly regulated by the amount of their income, Par_ rish added. Regulations require payment to be stopped if the income re- port is not returned to the VA within 30 days. Annually, a size. able number of pension recipi- ents suffer payment interruptions through failure to make their in. come reports on time. No income questionnaire is sent to veterans or widows who are receiving service-connected benefits. --EN- Employees Io Oblain Refunds More than 600 North Dakota employers are due to receive some $77,000 in refunds from the North Dakota Unemployment Compensation division. The total represents money col- lected by the division under provisions of the 1959 law which was amended by the current leg- islature to conform with federal unemployment compensation re- gulations. Martin Gronvold, director of the state division, said the larg- est refund check totals nearly $7,000. The hurry-up law permits some employers to receive refunds be- cause they had been charged a flat three per cent rate of con- tribution when they were eligi- ble for lower rates, The 1959 North Dakota act failed to meet the federal re- quirements because it establish- ed a special rate for now busi- nesses. The federal government requires that the rates apply uni- formly to all employers. 5N- Chimneys, defective w i r i n g, stoves and furnaces rank high as causes of winter farm home fires. You can spot chimney leakage by building a smudge fire and then covering the top of the flue. Forbes Heads .. Alaska Bank Vernon D. Forbes, Former federal judge and one-time states attorney in Richland coun- ty, has become president of the Alaska National Bank of Fair- banks, Alaska. Forgoes has 'been serving as the bank's vice president in charge of the trust department since leaving the Alaska judge- ship about a year ago. Forbes was appointed to the federal bench in Alaka in Au- gust 1954, by President Eisen- hower, with the appointment confirmed the following Nov. 8. During his stay in Alaska, it has changed from territory to slate. Queried by Jessen's Weekly, Fairbanks newspaper, Forbes said he wished to be known as "a progressive banker, willing to aid with any proect within reason, which would strengthen the economy and the state." Plow-like  breaks ernst. 8hovelem smoeth  to keep the course, level. $ A I" more to skiing than Juet being Mat-happy, these photee Of.'m.Intenane at Gatineau Park, Que., lndica Behind the dl Idalonm there are hours sf elbow grea41e to kee the SleDe kiable. JL bit of litter, or a hole. could break Bomebodv'a bone&