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The Billings County Pioneer
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March 17, 1960     The Billings County Pioneer
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/ NominationsNorth Dakota Close April 25 I i PORTRAITS Durum Market ,o o,a a ,o be recognized as much as our na- ~n~,~leiFf,~ J.~fe[jF rural resources need publicity if aJIJllll~O AJtlL#lla our state is to attract industry. American consumption of durumMembers of the last legislative --produced primarily in North Da- assembly authorized the North Da- kota has jumped 400 per cent from kota National Statuary Hall Com~ 1955 to 1958, according to Paul E. mission to select a deserving per- R. Abrahamson, administrator of son from North Dakota w~hose statue the North Dakota state wheat corn-~ shall be placed in .the National Sta- mission, tuary Hall in the United States Abrahamson said the rust years capitol building in Washington, D. of the 1960's produced limieed sup- C. " plies of poor quality, resulting in The United States Congress by en a drop of the durum market down ~t n~ r,1. ~ 1~c-~ nr~vi,~,~,~ *h.~. M1 to 1 4 pounds per capita By 958 .~ " " . :states may contrxbute two statues of azzer me r~orm ~aKota 2~grlCUltural " " e deceased clt,zens worthy of stat ~xpertmenz ~m~lon naa Drought out - . . . and natmnal recogmtmn. rust resmtant varlehes, durum con- North Dakota is one of five sumption was back up to six pounds states which has not contributed per capita. Over 80 per cent of the durum crop is raised in North Dakota, Abrahamson said. Low production forced macaroni manufacturers to turn to substitutes in the 50's when the durum crop was failing. In order to maintain and rebuild this market for durum, we must maintain a steady produc- even one statue. The other states are Colorado, Nevada, New Mexico and Wyoming. Most re- cent addftion is from Montana who named Charles Russell, the western artist. An appropriation of $2,000 was authorized from the state treasury for expenses of members of ,the Commission, although they receive no compensation for their services. The Commission will report its recommendations to the next legis- lative assembly. Members of the Commission met in Bismarck for their second meet- ing Saturday, Feb. 13. Names of 22 men and women from the list compiled at the first meeting were selected for further study. Keeping in mind that at a later date a second representative from North Dakota may be selected, the Commission's feelings is that a man's stature is not measured until estab- lished by history, Rep. Murray A. Baldwin, chairman, said. Nominations will be closed at the next meeting of the Commission which will be held tn Bismarck, April 25. Individuals and organizations are asked to mail their nomina- tions, with a short biographical sketch, ~to members of the com- mission. A record of those nominated will be placed on permanent file at: the North Dakota Historical so- ciety which is an honor in itself. Russell Reid, superintendent, is serving as an advisor to the group. Consideration is being given ,to persons from the following fields of endeavor: statesmanship, public service, scier~ce and agriculture, medicine, journalism, education, re- ligion, literature, early settlers and pioneers, business, theatre, aviation law and military service. A brief background is given here of the 22 persons now being studied by the Commission: John Burke came to Rolette coun- ty in 1888. He served in the state legislature and served as county judge. He was Democratic Governor of North Dakota for three terms, i He was appointed United States l Treasurer by President Wilson in l 1913 and served until t912. He served as a member of the North Dakota Supreme Court for many years. James W. Foley, came to North Dakota in 1878 when his father was assigned to Fort Lincoln. He grew up in Medora where his ~ather managed the Marquis de Mores estate and attended schools in Bis- marck. He became one of the best known and loved persons in North Dakota for his verses. He wrote the North Dakota Hymn in 1947. "The Letter Home" wri,tten to attract im- migrants was one of his most pop- ular poems. Beatrice M. Johnstone came to to Grand Forks in 1883 and was a merrrber of the second class to gradpate from the University. She was one of the most outstanding teachers in North Dakota. She taught in the rural schools, served as Grand Forks county superinten- dent of schools, director of the UND correspondence department and for 20 years yeas director of its extension division. Minnie J. Nielson came to Valley City in 1880. She also was an edu- cator, teaching in Barnes county rural schools and Valley City. She was the first woman elected as state superineendent of public in- struction in 1919, serving 12 years. She was also the first woman in North Dakota elected as a dele- gate to the National GOP nomina- ting convention and the first woman from .North T)akota to be listed in Who's Who in America. H. L. Bolley came to I~DAC at Fargo in 1800 as a botany teacher. He developed a wilt resistant flax variety and chemical treatment for seeds to eliminate losses from plant diseases. He was appointed state seed commissioner in 1909 and for- mulated North Dakota's first pure seed lsw Dr. Aaron Bccde, a Congregation- al minister, served as president of Fargo College in 1900-1901. In 190~ he moved to Fort Yates in Sioux county where he was supervisor of religious affairs among the Indians for. 15 years. He served as state's attorney and wrote many books. Four Bem.s lived on the Upper Missouri and gained international fame as the subject of paintings by both Catlin and Bodmer. They were impressed by his appearance, dig- nity, courage and congeniality. He BILLINGS COUNTY PIONEER ,? ~i!!~2/,; ii~i;!ii C~,~,!i~!:ii::~ M. Beatrice Johnstone died during a smallpox epidemic at Fort Clark in July 1837. Charles Cavileer was one of the most prominent men m early Da- kota Territory from the date of his arrival, August 1851 until his death in 1902. The town of Cavalier and the county of the same name were named in his honor. This was the first permanent agricultural colony established in the state. Carl Ben Eiel~n was born at Hat- ton in 1897. He enlisted in the Army Air Service in 1916 and pioneered in Alaskan aviation, flying the first air mail in the Territory. He piloted Sir Hubert Wilkins on several flights over the Antarctic. He was killed in a crash while attempting to save passengers and cargo of the ice-bound ship Nanuk off North Cape, Siberia. Dr. George McFariand came to North Dakota in 1892. He served as president of Valley City State Teachers college until 1918. Later he was Asst. State Superintendent of Schools and headed the Willis- ton school system four years. This distinguished educator served as president of Minot State Teachers college from 1922 to his death in 1938. Dr. Edwin F. Ladd came to NDAC, Fargo in 1890. He served as chemis- try professor until 1916 when he became president of NDAC. In 1920 he was elected to the U. S. Senate. He was famed as father of the Pure Food Laws. Through his efforts the method of wheat grading greatly benefited the farmers in North Da- kota. Clement Lommsberry, who enlist- ed as a private in the Civil War, 'emerged as a colonel. In 1873 he established the Bismarck Tribune, North Dakota's first daily news- paper. He organized what is now the State Historical Society. He is also noted for relaying the news of Gen. Custer's defeat on the Little Big Horn to the nation. Alexander McKenzie made his first trip to Dakota Territory in 1869 as part of a pack train carry- ing supplies to Fort Rice. Later he worked for the Northern Pacific railway, served as U. S. Marshall and took a prominent part in shap- ing the future of the state. He has emerged as one of the most power- ful political figures in North Da- kota history. Joe Rolette, one of the best known fur traders in this section of the country, came to the Red River valley in 1840 where he rebuilt the fort at Pembina and homesteaded. Dr. Victor J. Stickney began prac- ticing medicine in Dickinson in 1884. His area embraced 50,000 squa~ miles in ranch country. He risked his life many times to aid the sick, traveling by horse and buggy. He also served as superintendent of schools in Stark county and helped organize the First National Bank in Dickinson. Theodore Roosevelt, who came to ranch in western North Dakota in 1883, has brought national ~tte~tion to the rugged beauty and healthy atmosphere of our state by his words, "I never would have been President if it had not been ~or my experience in North DakotL" Dr. C. B. Waldron came to NDAC after obtaining his Bachelor' of Science degree from Michigan agr- icultural college in 1887. He made the first botanical collection in North Dakota of native plants that were of economic value and is said responsible for planting more trees than any other person in our state. He promoted perserving areas as state parks. Dr. L. R. W&Idron received his B. S. degree at NDAC in 1899. He serv- ed there as asMstant botany pro- fessor for many years. He worked closely with Dr. Bolley, develop- ~ng disease-resistant small grains, principally flex and wheat. He was a prolific writer of bulletins and articles of vital interest to the farm- ers. O~r H. Will came to Bismarck n 1881 and homesteaded near Me~o- ken. In 1882 he established the first nursery in North Dakota, devoting much time to developing nativ~ shrubs and trees. The results of his experiments with Indian corn used for hundreds of years by ~he Mandan and Arikara Indians, gave the farm/ rs corn that would grow well and made the raising of hogs in the area possible. Margaret Barr Roberts came to Bismarck in 1877 with her husband, John Lloyd Roberts. Later the fam- ily moved to Medora where her husband became a cattle buyer and rancher. Left a widow early, with five young daughters to raise, ~e earned the respect of nei~,hbor tion of quality grain, Ahrahamson said. The 1959 acreage was half of the normal, resulting in a production drop for the second year in a row. Only substantial carryovers from 1956 and 1957 made it possible to meet the needs for macaroni pro- ducts. Abrahamson also pointed out that the North Dakota per capita con- sumption is about half the national average. "We must support a North Da- kota product if we expect others to," the administrator said. '~Dur- m'n products--macaroni and spa- ghetti--are economical, tasty, easy to prepare, nutritious and versatile." SE3E~S NEW WAYS TO RAISE HIGHWAY FUNDS A Legislative Research Sub-com- mittee met in Bismarck recently to study means of raising more money to carry out the highway constructioh and maintenance l~ro- gram authorized by the 1959 leg- islative session. Heared by Sen. Raymond Ven- dsel of Carpio, the sttb-committee met with Highway Commissioner A. W. Wentz and Chief Engineer R. E. Bradley plus a special corn- headed by Louie Sutton of Hunter, the new president of the group, and Jacob Swenson, county commis- sioner from Burliegh county. Commissloner Wentz and Brad- ley outlined North Dakota's 15-year highway program for the state's primary system. The program for improvement of the secondary syc- tern will take approximately 22 years. Part of the j~b jacing the sub- committee is wrapped up in study- ing the state highway system as it was composed at one time, the road that have been dropped and deter- mine which roads should be re- turned to the system. Most of the discusslon concernec~ roads in terms of mileage rather than actual designation of a part- icular highway or country roan. Under the authorization of the last Legislature, the highway depart- ment is permitted to add 100 miles per year to the state system. ~[t is estimated that if the high- way department added an addition- al 100 miles per year for the next 12 years, those added 1200 miles would cost about 65 million dollars for construction plus another 4 million for maintenance. The ques- tion is obviouly how to raise the additional road-building revenue. "We're trying to be realistic and prudent," Commissioner Wentz said "We must not overlook the fact that when we add a mile of road to the system, we thereby become responsible for not only its improve- ment but also for its maintenance from then on." Some of the extra revenue pro- posal included allowing extra funds to counties to malntmin there own roads and not make additions to the sta~e system, another was to in- crease the registration fee on motor vehicles which would give the state about three million dollars more revenue. The suggestion then was to re- tain 1 million for use within the cities. This would mean an increase in registration fees of about 30 per cent, and although it had some sup- port among the committee men, hers, the plan did not create any great stir. One member, suggested l holding back one cent of th gas taxref~,d and ear-marking this for road-touild- ing funds. Still another member thought that applyinff a use or sale tax on gasoline sales on which the gasoline tax is now exempt might be feasible. This plan wo~ld re- turn about 000 per ear. idea received,he most support from those present. A dts ssion of pom/ble formtdas to work out the problem carried over into the afternoon session and the LRC staff was directed to do a stud.y, of all pumtl tte and su ested means of arrlvin at an of any funds'raised, of the me| hod finally acc ted to mime the ~eeemary additional highway ,man tea ) James W. Foley rancher, Theodore Roosevelt, wh said she was the most wonderful mother in North Dakota. William Langer, whose death Nov- ember 8, 1959, was one of the most widely known and quoted politicians in recent years. His career .began as states attorney of Morton coun- ty in 1914. After serving as Govern- or of North Dakota he was elected four times to the United States Senate. At the time of his death he was the ninth ranking member of: the U. S. Senate in point of service for both Republicans and Demo- crats. Governor John E. Davis. who ad- dressed the members of the North Dakota National Statuary Hall Com- mission at its first meeting last December, suggested that the public be invited to send in their sugges- tions. Nominations may be mailed to members of the Commission which include: Chairman Murray A. Bald- win, Fargo; Mrs. Marion J. Piper, secretary, Box 803, Bismarck; Mrs. Natalie Adamson, Beach; Mrs. Ves- per Lewis, Sykeston; Charles E. Scott, Dickinson; Ralph Christen- sen, Minot; Mrs. James R. Beck, Bismarck; Herman Stern, Valley City; Edward J. Franta, Langdon and Mrs. Bernard J. Kennedy, Sentinel Butte. Minnie J. Nlelson John Burke G0P to Form Groups A Republican Action committee has been organized to form similar action groups among farmers in North Dakota's 53 counties. Co-chairmen of the action com- mittee are Leo Bergeron of Bot- tineau and Steve Reimers of Bord- ulae, both farmers. Reimers is also chairman of the nathmal Young Republican Federation agriculture committee. Among those taking part in or- ganizing the action committee were Albert Schmalenberger, farmer and state representative from Stark county; and Harold Hofstrand of Benson county, who is chairman of the Republican platform com- mittee's subcommittee on agricul- ture. --t~-- FLOW'ER VARIETY CIRCULAR READY North Dakotans can choose their flower seeds and plants with more confidence this year with the help of a new Extension Service circul- lor, "Flower Varieties for 1960." Prepared by Don Hoag and Neal Holland, assistant horticulturists of the North Dakota Agricultural Ex- perirnent Station, the circular lists varieties of both annual and per- ennial plants best adapted to the state. Varieties listed have been grown by the authors or have been used in plantings on the NDAC campus. or have been observed growing satisfactorily in local gardens. The Horticulture Department of the Ex- periment Etation mab~tains plant- ings of carnations and of chrysan- themums at Fargo and at Casselton for breeding program~. The eir- cular's cover picture is of the three varieties of hardy carnation, And- an~e, Allegro and Rondo, released by tim departmcnt in I959. No attempt has been made to in- elude ageratum, alyssum, asters. carnations, celosia, cleome, cosmos, dahlia, larkspur, lobelia, marigold, morning glories, pansies, petunias. pinks, salvia, snapdragons, stocks, sweet peas, violas and zippers, Perennial flowers Include colum- bine, carnations, chrysanthemum, delphinium, baby's breath, penstem- on and Shasta daisies. The authors pQmt out that al- though these strains and varieties are considered "outstanding" under North Dakota conditions. )! i'i Plan National Security Seminar Citizens of North Dakota, west- ern Minnesota and South Dakota will receive latest information on the nation's position of security readiness March 14-25 during a ten- day conference in Fargo. Fargo is one of 14 cities selected for a Na- tional Security Seminar to be con- ducted by the Industrial College of the Armed Forces Washing'ton, D C. Left-to-right: Murray A. Baldwin, general chairman of the Seminar to be held in Fargo, discussing plans with Dr. Fred S Hultz. NDAC presi- dent and honorary chairman: and Lt. Col. William G. Akeley, Seminar administrator. The two-week session is a con- densation of the Industrial College's regular 10-month course and is de- signed to insure a wider and more thorough understanding of how civilian and military efforts are to be coordinated in a period of na- tional stress. It is designed to point out the national and international problems confronting this country today; the scientific demands and technol- ogical trends; and the economics psycho-social and military aspects of security. Instruction will be directed by six senior officers from the faculty of the Industrial college and in- cludes officers from each of the military services. The opening session will present the technological progress in outer space, government spending for re- search and development and pre- diction of things to come. The speakers will c o n s i d e r throughout the conference, the na- tion's educational needs in discus. sing manpower resources; strategic and critical materials, fuel and pow, or, agriculture, transportation, tele- communications and the problems of financing national security. They will discuss how require- meats are determined, how pro- duction, procurement, and distribu- tion are accomplished, and the ira- pact of economic warfare, civil de- fense and public opinion. Space limitations allow only 226 civilians to e]aroll as regular, re- serve and national guard personnel will also attend the conference. Registrations fo}" the conference are now being re6eived by the Na- tional Security Seminar Civilian Selection Committee, P. O. Box 311, Fargo, North Dakota. Farm Income Dropped 16 % Government figures show that net farm income dropped 16 per cent last year. Farm income in 1959 was reported at $11 billion compared with $13.1 billion in 1958. The department has forecast an- other decline this year, but expects it to be a smaller drop-off. ment program. The incom0 of the Iarm populatior) from non-farm sources rose about- 6 per cent between 1958 and 1959. This income reflected wages earned on work off farms nonfarm invest- ments and the like. The department said the per cap- ita income of persons living on farms from all sources was down 8 per cent from 1958 but was high- er than in any other year since 1952. [3 . HEALTH ~ERVICES NhEDS OUTLINED GY %'AN IIEUVELEN Geographic location not ~th- standing--the most important nat- ional public health need of 1~0 is for expansion of local health ser- vices.This is the opinion of W. Van Heuvelen, Executive Officer of the State Health Department, and of a nationwide panel of public heMth directors. The effect of t~e tend toward The 1959 decline is expected to metropolitan living, and the mew~ be stressed by 'Democrats in this environmental hazar~ p~n~ year's presidential and congressional by afmosuherie pollution, l~xl~l~ campaigns m farming areas. The decline in income reflected a combination of factors, including a downturn in farm products prices and a further upturn in farm pro- duetion costs. Total cash receipts from farm marketing last year were estimated at $32,800,000,000 a decline of 2 per cent from the previous year. This loss in receipts reflected a 4 per cent decline in the level of farm prices. This decline was off- set in part by a 2 per cent increase in the volume of crops and livestock marketed. The department said farm pro- duction expenses rose 3.5 per cent last year to set a new high. Gov- ernment payments to farmers un- der crop control, soil conservation and soil bank programs dropped more than a third due to the dis- continuance of the acreage reserve part of the soil bank land retire- radiation and the protection o~ foodo~uffs was refleote~ in s~Ita- tion being most requent]y menfl ~ ed as an important newly eme g- ine health problem, Van Heuvel said. The seourmg and tra/ni competent public health persmmel was given ,top billing by the lie health specialists amongst pro- blems re lated to the efficient ad- ministrat/on of their curren gram Othe~ areas of concern ]~M~ up by the survey include m~m- tal health, radiologtc heall,and #.he field of aging. The repeatedly by health experts that expanston of bot~t ~ate local health services will be essa to assure maximum heal in our c~m~unities ~ hi~ levels of medical and tary scLence, qke State Healtl~ ~- finial declared: