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The Billings County Pioneer
Beach, North Dakota
April 5, 1945     The Billings County Pioneer
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April 5, 1945

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i ::/ CONSOLIDATED VOLUME NUMBER 26 MEDORA, BILLINGS COUNTY, NORTH DAKOTA. THURSDAY, APRIL 5, 1945 NUMBER 43 conference will have to resolve more differences of opinion than was originally expected` Washington,--The San Francisco by Brazil are pressing for a perma- As these problems accumttlate, they are moderating the State De- partment's optimistic hope for speedy ratification of the Dumbar- ton Oaks agreements "as is" with- in four weeks. No l~ssening of assurance in the outcome is visible. Even the sev- erest critics of Durnbarton Oaks realize that some world organiza- ation blueprint must come out of the meeting of the 45 nations. As Undersecretary of State Joseph C. Grew emphatically explained in the Department's radio talk on the Oaks plan: '~he choice is not be- tween an organization along the lines of the Dumbarton Oaks pro- posais and some ideal formula. It nent seat for a South American na- tion. Members of the British Com- monwealth are just as interested in nailing down one of the council seats for themselves, possibly to be occupied in rotation. And the pan- Arab league now heing formulated in the Near East may conclude that one permanent seat should be at all times occupied by one of its mem- bers, The problem will be to keep the Size of the council to workable di- mensions; to keep all of the seats from becoming permanent seats; and to persuade every country that might be tempted to feel slighted that the agreement, while not per- fect, is the best obtainable. 5. The French thesis that bilateral military pacts should be either out- side of or superior to world-organio is between such an organization ration ~obligations presents San and no organization at all on a Francisco with another subject for world-wide basis." major debate. France, with its air- But every bit of news out of tight military treaty with Russia. Washington these days that deals has tended to feel greater security with world organizations suggests a in that arrangement than in any much longer Pacific Coaast confer- world agreement with machinery ence---a more controversial Golden that may delay or prevent speedy Gate parley. Members of the Uni- action. ted States delegation are daily ac- Russia, however, Is understood to knowledging the need for clarifying be prepared to subordinate all such fanny aspects of Dumbarton Oaks--- bilateral pacts to a world-security for clearing up interpretations and council. Somewhat the same issue misinterpretations Dumbarton Oaks arose at Mexico City, where for a and the Yalta voting formula will moment it looked as if the Latin- not be accepted on hope and faith American nations would stampede alone, but on understaanding and the United States into placing Pan- comprehensive discussion. American attempts to settle dispu- One strategically placed official tea in this Hemisphere above world- who is wholeheartedly working for organization handling of such mat- IT'S THE 11-TON "VOLCANO" gress , R,- --,= [ Washington--Senate supporters of ~ellp~l |~, k, I the President's plan for a Missouri ablal 11]U Ut;tfi$ Valley authority (MVA) have 16st ~" ---,their grip on the project's futttre '|'h~,e~,h lk][,~, ~ through a series of backstage plays ILLLGCtlCII LI tLLUU I which virtually doom any chance With the hope of eliminating race t of congressional approval during prejudices and awakening citizensl this session. o me practiccs of true democracy, I Two developments, occurring the I ame day placed in unfriend- nay ] y committee hands, at th evenj.n.gon the subject, "Color: Yes- time making final c.nn~,~,~J~e~,^~sa~l~e ~v.u**y, l oaay and Tomorrow." .~-~-*,ua u# the Senate impossible f~r the next The meeting was held i~ the Bur-[ six months. !eigh county courthouseunder the] Legislation covering development ~usplces o~ ~tate ~l~eadershlp ] of an independent authority was-in- ~rammg ~nszl~ute and the Public[ troduced a few weeks ago by Sen. llesley college and,tee. mit- has done post graduate work at the J Vice P~,~ ~n,~ London. School of. Economics and ! wh " -. nt Ha~.ry Truman, tahet~:t~u~e:r srtH'sotor~oal Roesearch ~ref:r ~r:;atihde t~ilbettg~r~htostthi~ plan, ' Ir ' er behind-the-scenes feud To dispel the idea that race ~re-t! esulted in Murray's finally accept- judices are instinctive Dr. Mudgettl rag. a Bailey compromise under stated that Count Gonineau, France l winch the measure will be consid- in the thi.rd quarter of the 19thl ered separately by three commit- century, was the first to advance a I tees:. Each group is allotted 60 days theory of race superiority. An Eng-I~ a~seuss the project and report to lishman followed suit and still later I me ~enate. an American, Madison Grant in his| Rut Murray is said to have ag- book, The Passing of a Great Race. freed to the delaying action onl on . Science" disputes the opinions that ~ one conditio,- ~* ~s reported relY " - Ine human race is classified accord- l y he was assured privately laoj ,e ~ ~ta color, nair texture or *lTuman that Dr -~ ~ ~Setr~bouf~sO;oStature, and blood, said would rank hi~ghVo~t?~e~ C ~omn~mebricle1 sub-committee named to handle the a successful conclusion at San Fran- ters. Only quick work by the State The white race has been favored matter. cisco believes that four months ra- Departrnent',s delegation and their by environment but should look to Foes on fommRte- ther than four weeks is a better es- allies among the Latin-American in- its own forwarding democratic Wit~. . . . - timate of the length of the coming ternationalists was able to postpone practices throughout the world. At,mn a ~ew minutes azter the meeting this issue to San Francisco. the Dumbarton Oaks conference compromi~, was unanimously ap- This statement of course, well 6. Senator Arthur H. Vanden- ~nma served notice on the United proved ~y me Senate, Bailey gave ' ' ~ations that racial parity should be ou$ me names of the Commerce may reflect the half-rueful, half-bergs pro p?sel .that war-taken po-ONE OF THE N~WLY.4qLLED 22,000-pound boinlm is maneuvered by written into the peace treaty. As a ~ mmi.ttee members who will con- humorous distress of one of thelitical decmions oe reviewable oy pulleys, above, in a British factory, almost dwarfing the man who minority group, it ~hould be far s~aer me legislation. Conference .planners in this period, the security council can also take guides it. The ll-ton bomb, first cast by the English Steel corpora- sighted in doing to others as it The grcup is headed by Sen. of cor~fusect maneuverin~ such as up many hour, If not days of de-Uon in Sheffield and now also being manufactured in the United ] would be done by, if and where in Johrt Overton (D La.), an out- Precedes smooth conferences es bate But as explained in The Statas and ~dpped to Britain, is dubbed the "volcano,' for in it# the future another and more pow. spoken foe of public power de- well as stormy. Christ.inn S~i'ence Momto.r yes ter- first trial te~ it literally destroyed a small granite island off the t erful race has command of world velopment and of the independent There are many reasons San j day, me e~zecfiveness ox sucn a British co~t Official British radiophoto. (International $oundpboto) Francisco may drag on well be-[ proposal hinges on alterations in . -- ---- affairs =. MVA plan sponsored by FDR. Yond the original state department~ the voting formula, otherwise each 'Dream '- C mes True M0$e$' mmauI al" j~:n e um .~a t~tays LS no.w, m a Others committeew, teemem ~u~,~,on oi mternatmnal leaaersnip cl,a~ e bers. in. pes: big wer o id prevent the tL l , reoples of the world are critically .~ ~ O'Daniel (D 1. Concern over the voting pro- [ review of such disputes. - ooservmg the methods of democracy ~r~'~"~-~,~ .~en. John McClellan Cedure and the necessity for such/ 7. The problem of trusteeships all-inclusive veto privileges as were,for colonial territories may arise, IG1!!r~a con~trin0oun~ as practised by our nation declar ~" '~r~. ~en. Pat McCarran (D, conferred on the big vowers at,not m its ulhmate form as to how, ~: ed ' " mev,~ ann tl~re ed the.speaker Our congressmen either -- e .Repubhcans are :~::~ must take the forward st~ ~,~ ~^~ opposed to me MVA nroiect Yalta is growing. Mem]~ers of the] where, what, and why, but as to 1 rect the evils of inequality which generally lined up against the American delegation are under-it he mechanics of handling such ~i" . |. " ' " the form - or - :- " ' % : IJlO~ memorials to the late Senator ~omm~stra "on. have been allowed to exist and de- ~lo~ . S od to question the as well|trus ships der the pro d II e Tf. VeS -. - as the wisdom of giving the big,world organization. Both the Dutch ~;~: ~'~:~ ~:~ L . " ~. ~ enators of the western states Neither Sen. Warren Magnusson Do~ers a veto over peaceful settle-|in regard to the Netherlands East .# ~:;~:~:~~ raen~t of disputes so that if not in- ~Indies and the Fxench in regard to $~.7: ~i I] c?ntributed by the employees and have greater power in proportion to J (D Wash.) nor Sen. Owen r - Volved" each big vower can pre~ ]Indo-China may demand assurance i'.:~: ~ ~. .~: . '~: : ~ .~:r'~~f' |Jomcers. at the state capitol, as well the nurober of constitutents than] ster (R Me ) bo+*- " B ew as ifts ma vent the airing of-a dispute, as-~that such prewar possessions be ~i~. ~,~:.~'-~ ~!~.~: |l g de by mdiwduals and congressmen troms+o+ ~ " .-- -, ,v,v~ sup- m"-:--'--"'" ~ w~m mrgel ~a-uers---was awarded a ~'~'"' o" *~" slgnment of it to the world court,completely and absolutely outside :~J~:~;~: |igroups were, sent to the Crippled u,~panues, suL . . ~- ~e for adjudication, conferring of it to,any United Nations trusteeship ,~, |JCinl ens Home at Jamestown. Dr. Mudgett is a,~,reh I u-com na~ttee, as Murray had hop- . ,~, =~zve OII ~u. Frlva~,ely Dlamin Tr a regional agency for peaceful set-I plan. :: ~5i~ ~ |] Recently Mrs. Moses recewed a the unrest in an unstabl ~,~." g uman for tlement. ~ These half dozen points do not |]check for $400 from a group of Mi--'~llW rla'ta--unless*--~ ,~such,me, ,I~,~ ~ me,ae m sma ~o nave madee wiagreementM "-"-- ,~.u me emr ~m th ur- . pzoyment ray. friends of h 2. The normal and natural desire [comprise nearly all the issues that . ~; . ~ ilnot persons and business firms, in. Praehce Act are honestly fac~-~ ---, / t e MVA hold ht- of every nation of *he 44 present, lwill arise at San Francisco. But if .~ - :||chiding the Minot Central Labor ~:~S~ ~:;:~.i : ||Union, The card which accompan- . u ~v hopes or forcing a rova o the settled demo.crat,cally. Northern/bill under the preseP~ leg~si~tiv of every delegate of every-nation. [this is to be the successful world ~o get on the d ' sentiments [organization that it must be, no ~@~" ' |lied the gift read" 'In Memoriam. ~ar:es cannot be matrterent to these ! " " e . recoru its , Interpretations, suggestions, a~d[ nation should feel unduly railroad- ~" ~' ||John Moses, senator" and thrice gov- national problems which affect all! OverS='"=a~" states. [. ton expects to start open conclusions about Dumbarton Oaks. led into accepting it wimouz under- ~" ||ernor. Knowing his pleasure in be- ~ ~a~ings on the project on Apr. 16. Just the time for permitting this I standing it, and every nation is go- ~~ ~ ||ing helpful to his loved ones in ," ~.~ '*~ ==" - - - ] e Bailey compromise specifically airing of views could take weeks, l ing to insist on the right to suggest ~ . > ~ ,~hezr hours of bereavement, we Pleece V.lue limitsOverto iur dieti~ ,A.~ Then there is the question of inn. i improvement which it considers ~7i~: :~,~,~- ":-. " |~have contributed to a fund which I nios ~s ~S ~"" ~'" ~-?. '.; |~ve herewith tender to be used for guage. Does each speech need to be.ital. =-- = [.cre.$es I fe~t,ures.gO~ ~ne bill. transmitted into half a dozen ton-~ The state department has made ~-~-any purpose you may choose." gues* lic Certainly the languages of all Itwo notable pleas far full pub " DETROIT, MICH. -- Something I A check for $50 was contributed me b~ ~an and conference discussmn of Dum ~. "g powers--English, Russ",i~ . new -- an emctnc ~ron w~tbout r [ from the North Dakota Post-war, U. S. agricultural statistician Ben l ut Overton already has mdicat- cord that draws heat through a~ [ Highway Irnnroveme.~ -~,~,;. ;, ~Jeinholz reports that North Dak-I er he intends to ignore this limi- zrench, Chinese---cannot be lightly barton Oaks. However, because of i I slighted. Then there is Spanish, tl~e Department's other insistence :~m;:~in: ~ttr ilned :afetYtbeaser I T~e disposition of this gift and the ota wool growers produced'/578000[ tation and has disclosed that his . ~rmr I one from the Minot group have not pounds of wool in 1944 10 I~r cent i group will inquire into the ower Which is spoken by much of Latin that Dumbarton Oaks "represents sponge-like prate. [ne war fro: !been determined by M~ ~-o,~ less than in 1943. The state ~- m~ issue P America. thegreatestmeasureofagreement duction Board has just granted, ". "" retamed " ~orne guts given direct to the 3. The rights and powers of the possible among ourselves and our permission to Eurek, Vacuum " ly slt~:anwk o~s l~uac~o~ anll SMILE AN~ ~~-~E Smaller or small nations is an issu~ Allies,' these have not received ~eaner comp $ =~'--- w'" bes-in ~rippled Children s. Home were [~ me 10 per cent drop, Klein-{ The u s Emboss an " certain to arise. The State Depart- great publicity making it. Kitty Carlisle gets a zl}ade b, Hazen friends and the Or- noiz stated, lean Red' Cross club~ ind EAnSa~-l~d ment hasexplained that in many In the State Department s radio- p~view of this cordless electric aer of Eastern Star at Hazen, the Prices received by North Dako. l are distributing leaflets to E lish ways the small nations are safe- cast on Dumbarton Oaks, Mr, Grew~ron. the first "post.war dream past matrons club of the OES, and home convenience to become a the Peace EvangelicalLutheran tig~varded. '"they have 6 representa- specifically called for full, frank, tans in 1944 averaged 43 een~, ~ ~ 1~.;,4~, ^. - ~. ng " pound as comI~red to 42 c I ~'~ ~' v" servicemen on how ives out of 11 on the security coun- and free discussion of the plan by reality;A 'magi# watchman" regu- church, ents in, to be popular, in the U. S. A. Say 1943, while fleece weights averaged I the booklets: ' Smile and be friend. c.ll. In the general assembly, all na- the country. "There shomld be as ehmmateslat r' preventS6re hazards verheating and mMeridanHaz lodge, A. F. and A.M. 8 7 pounds in 1944, or .2 pound ] ly; keep your accen ~ioa~ will have one vote each and much discussion of the Dumbarton " en, has notified Mrs. Moses more than in the revio ~p,~ t while you can oe mere, hers on a basis of sovereign Oaks proposals as possible between that it has given a sum to charity P us ~.u uress smartly." equality. Also, they will enjoy full now and when the conference opens FOOD SUPPLY IS AMPLE in the name of her late husband equality in the economic and social COUncil But there are specific claims of some of the small or mid- rile-sized powers that will certainly he aired and debated at length. For example: 4. A drive to win permanent seats on the council for regional or poli- tical groups of states already is Well along. The Latin Americas led April 25," he said. In last week's radiocast, a De- partment spokesman also made the significant and illustrating state- ment that "changes and improve- ments will undoubtedly be propos- ed, discussed, and accepted or re- jected (at San Francisco) by all of the nations meeting there on a completely democratic basis." AL THE MARRIAGE of A1 Joison, right, famed "Mammy" singer, and pretty 21-year-old Erie Balbratth, left, is expected to take place in the near future, though the 56-year-old actor refuses to say what day. T.he bride-to-be is a stock actress at Twentieth Century-Fox, h~ o -.- '"~ ~'~ A~k The two met in Corpus Christi, when Joison, thr ~ ~ T'EO tour. (~nternationai) SAYS MAEVIN JONE~ "I hope no one will be misled a- bout the food situation," says War Food Administrator Marvin Jones. "No one has gone hungry in this country. No one is going hungry. In 1943 the American farmers produc- ed 32 percent more food than this of any other nation ever produced before the war. In 1944 they upped this by 5 percent, making a record increase of 37 percent above pre- war production. This record was made in spite of the handicaps of war. This year the farmers them- selves set goals that call for an even greater crop acreage. Our ar- med forces will continue to be well-fed. We will continue to help our fighting allies. Our own people will continue to have plenty of good, wholesome food, and we will contribute our share to the reliefi of starving people, even if it means a new hitch ia our belts. This is a practical matter and a part of the war itself. Anyone who sells the American Farmer short makes a mistake." Inferior chicks are expensive at any price. Since late hatch~d chicks often make a slower rate of gain d~ring the hot summer months and may not mature as rapidly as earlier a,htched chicks, the NDAC Exten- sion Service advises tha~ flock own- ers make every effort to get their chicks as early as possible. All citrus fruits keep best where they will be moist and cool. who was the first master there. Members of the Hazen Commercial club have told Mrs. Moses that it will erect a memorial in Hazen. Other gifts have been made to the Lutheran Welfare Association at Fargo; to general church missionary work; to mission work in the Su- dan; to the Red Willow chapel; to the Veterans of Foreign Wars na- tional home at Eaton Rapids. Mich- igan; to the American Red Cross and the Old People's home at Beu- lah. Individual memorials which have come to Mrs Moses personally have been transferred to the Memorial Window fund and the lighting fund of Trinity Lutheran church in Bis- marck. ADOLF, YOU BETTER LEARN RUSSIAN STARVATION IN HOLLAND Netherlands Prime Minister Pie- ter Gerbrandy says thousands in 3erman-occupied Holland will die of starvation unless they are liber- ated by June or the Germans im- prove food conditions. On relief supplies shipped from Sweden and Switzerland, Netherlands in Ger- man-held territory get about 700 colories daffy (3000 calories are the recognized minimum for a moder- ately active man.) In the liberated zone civilians get 1800 calories daily Predatory animals, chiefly foxes and coyotes, caused North Dakota r>o.ultry growers to lose chickens ~d turkeys valued at $601.000 in 1944, according to a survey con- ducted by Ben Kienholz, Bureau of Agricultural Economics statistician. IF DER FUEHRER wants to keep up on his country's road markers, he had better get himself a German-Russian dictionary or he's due to be lost. Private Petukhov, member of the First Ukrainian Army, hi shown above preparing signs in the Soviet lingo to be placed on Germany's roads as his Army speeds forward in its new offensiv~ southemst or beleaguered Breslau. More than 30,000 Germans have been killed in the offensive according to a Soviet communique. This ts a radiophoto. (lnteraational $oundphoto)