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April 12, 1945     The Billings County Pioneer
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April 12, 1945
 

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BILLINGS COUNT~ PIONEER Washington--The "Big Three" not going to ask the San Franciscoi conference to sign on the dotted line. At least eight major amendments to Dumbarton Oaks already have been submitted and others un- doubtedly will be forthcoming. Even if Russia, Great Britain, and the United States wanted the other United Nations to give a docile yes to the charter as already drafted-- and they have given formal assur- ance that such is not their desire-- there is no prospect that they could succeed. The assurance is welcome to the other participants in the Confer- ence, but it has become clear that it is going to act upon its own authocity and examine basic changes in the text on, which the "Big Three" already have tents-i tively agreed. Some of these chan- ges are desired by members of the American delegation as wed as by other countrie& The principal amendm~ts thus far proposed are these: Voting--The right of permanent members to veto action by the Se- curity Council in the field of the Peaceful settlement of disputes--- when they are not parties to such disputes--will be questioned by one or more American delegates. This ~s the concealed veto power which dis~chee in this newspaper have brought into the open. One American representative has given definite assurances that this issue will be raised within the A- ~nerican dalegation and at the Con- ference itselL He emphasized that he is not particularly disturbed a- bout granting the five permanent members a veto over economic and military sanctions, but he does not ' think there should be such a veto over decisions on measures short of ~oree---decisions to investigate dis- putes and to recommend Peaceful settlemenL He questions whether more tha~ a majority of any seven members of the ll-nation council--the vote required to decide procedural ques- tlons--is needed to take such ac- tions short of force as deciding to investigate a dispute or referring it to the World Court for settle- ment. Review---Senator Arthur H. Van- denberg (R) of Michigan has sub- mitred in, writing his proposal to give the Security Council specific authority to review all the interna- tiorml political decisions g~owing out of the present war and postwar settlements. This right of review is already in the charter in general terms in the provision under which the Council can examine any sit- nation which might lead to war, but Senator Vandenberg wishes to make its jurisdiction more precise. Regional Agencies--A formula is being devised to integrate regional Peace agencies---such as the Pan A- merican Union and the implement. lag agreements reached at Mexico City last month--into the frame- Work of the larger United Nations organization. These regional arran- gements will be welcomed so long as they are premised on the same obligations and dedicated to the same purposes as the charter itself. It is entirely conceivable that the regional agencies will be able to act i~. advance of the Council or in behalf of the Council to check po- tential or actual aggression by l keeping the United Nations organi- zation fully informed of its actions. Controlling Germany and Japan "--Consideration will be given to the question of whether the auth- ority and responsibility for keep- 2ng the present enemies demilitari- zed should be retained by the prin- cipal present Allies or should in due COurse be invested in the Security Air Hero Honored are Council itself. The test of the char- ter now leaves it open and gives the Allies complete freedom of action to deal with the enemy coun- tries either within or outside the Council Code of Human Rights---Both Commander Harold E. Stassen and Representative Sol Bloom (D) of New York, American delegates want a code of basic human rights written into the charter. Comman- der Stassen puts it this way: "I hope it will include some me- thod of developing basic worldwide law. It should make possible the future enactment of a fundamental code of human rights***. We some- times fail to realize that there is no such world law today. The Nazi storm troopers and Gestapo who dragged civilians from their houses in Germany and summarily shot them, were violating every moral code we know of, but they were not violating any international law, because there is none to protect a human being within a nation. This starkly silhouettes the tragic slow- ness of the development of society on the world level. We know full well that Nazi aggression actually started, not when Hltier marched across his borders, but rather when he first ruthlessly trampled the rights of men wtthh-t Germany." Mr. Bloom advocates an "equal rights guarantee" comparable to the provisions of the American Consti- tution and would like to see it a basic tenet in any league for peace. Sanctions--Mr. Bloom, who at- tended the Mexico City conference as Chairman of the House Commit- tee on Foreign Affairs. is advancing another amendment to the United Nations charter which would be modeled after a provision of the Act of Chapultepec and would spell out in more detail measures to be taken to prevent aggression short of actual use of troops. The inter- American agreement lists "recall of chiefs of diplomatic missions break- ing of diplomatic relations; break- ing of consular relations; breaking of postal, telegraphic, telephonic, radio telephon,ic relations; interrup- tion of economic, commercial, and financial relations." Big versus Small Powers---Can- ada will lead the pressure of a number of. United Nations to es- tablish a ranking of powers be- tween the "big" and the "small." There is admittedly a difference between Canada and El Salvador and there will be a proposal that the "intermediate" nations be given a larger voice and a different sta- tus on the Council Authority of American Delegate ---Though not germane to the char- ter itself, former President Hoover is advocating that the authority of the President to commit the United States to the use of force to prevent aggression be circumscribed only by his getting the agreement of the House and Senate Foreign Rela- tions Committees Mr. Hoover says: "While it is probably not a part of the charter itself, when it is a- dopted by the Congress, the author- ity to use force should not be given the American delegate on the Sec- urity Council, but that power should be delegated to the President of the United States with the pro- vision that he be bound by the ma- jority of the joint Foreign Rela- tions Committees of the Senate and the House as to whether a vote to employ American force be submit- ted to the Congress as a whole." These proposed questions, which are probably only the beginning, are enough discussable changes in the charter to keep the San Fran- cisco Conference busy for some time and to assure that the Con- ference does not intend to sign on the dotted line. Crificise Farm FLYING FORTRESS GUNNER Sgt. Maynard "Snuffy" Smith, holder of me Congressional Medal of Honor, takes a modest bow as he Is driven through the street of his hometown of Care, Mich with his mother, ~raith won the coveted decoration ~r heroic action when the Flying ortress he was in was set afire by flak over St. Nazaire. In addition to extinguishing the flames, he gave first aid to the wounded tail gunner and fought off an attacking Jap fighter. (International Soundphoto ) (By Cong. Charles R. Robertson) Information on farm machinery exports "Confidential" says the U. S. Foreign Economic administration in a communication to Congressman Malcom C. Tarver. Congressman Tarver, a Democrat from Georgia, but not a New Deal convert, re- fused to regard as "confidential" a report from the Director of Food Programs of the U. S. Foreign Eco- nomic adminIstration, and made it public by placing it in the Con- gressional Record. The material is too detailed to report here, but suffice to say it shows exports of farm machinery in 1944 about dou- ble exports of 1943. My sentiments are expressed in the words of an- other member ~who during debate said, "I am trying to determine just why our Uncle Sam should give to neighboring nations not even en- gaged in this war, farm tractors and farm implements by the thousands, when our own farmers need them so badly." Of the 41,037 farm trac- tors exported to other countries in 1944, and Mat represents a big pro- portion of our production, ~1,840 went to Mexico, 193 to Chile, 265 to Colombia, 363 to Venezuela, 169 to Peru, 111 to Uruguay, and so am A member of Congress WhO re- turned from Europe a short time ago said when in England he saw a square mile covered with Ameri- can-made farm machinery, shipped to that country under the lend- lease program. An investigation of food shortages is being undertaken by special committeees of both the house and MERCHANTS TURN WOOD;CHOPPERS ee ~BM Will FOR~ near C~Shoysm~ Mlch~ are in need of a ltttM trimming, and labor to am~nplllh the Job is oR at war or engaged in vttsZ industries manofacturing the tools of battle, the Cheboygsa Chamber of Comme~e mtnnbers turn wood-choppers. The businel m~ band to~t~r on SundAyu and take to the hil~, as hs shows above, and, example, as me Stm 1 ,mr, trimmed and piled two ~ (Im~tiom~ the senate. Such questions as avail. able food supplies, production pros- pects, allotments to and reserves held for the armed forces, Lend. Lease shipments, and UNRRA food commitments are some af the sub- jects which are to be carefully gone Into. A succession of meat packers aP- pearing before the Senate Commit- tee blamed OPA Administrator Chester Bowles for the national meat shortage, and accused him of thwartlng the will of Congress by an anti-profit policy. A government run by "Experts" is te New Deal phil0~ophy. A fed- eral official recently expressed his version of an expert as, "an indivi- dual who is unhampered by pre- vious knowledge of the suhject"; while another official defines an ex- pert, "as an individual who agrees with nobody else on a given sub. ject." Some of the Government Re- gulations we have to deal with prove the aptness of the deflnition~ On March 9, Congressman Charles /I, Robertson Joined with 22 other republicans of the house, from that many different states, in introduc- ing legislation to expedite the mak- ing of loans to veterans desiring to purchase and equip a farm. The legislation is offered as an amend- merit to the so-called G. I. Bill of Rights. The farm loan provisions of that law have been less effective than hoped for in providing oppor- tunities for discharged servicemen. The new legislation would pro- vide loans up to $12,000 at 3% in- terest to veterans for the purchase of a farm and equipment. Repay- ment would be distributed over 40 years. The AdmiRistration of Vet- erans Affairs would administer the loans, working through county committees selected from lists re- commended by duly constituted re- texans organizations of the county. Considerable support has already developed for this legislation, iden- tiffed as H. R. 2671. A critical shortage of freight cars exists says the ODT, and the situ- ation will not he greatly improved in the very near future. Congress- men from the middle-west have been doing their utmost to secm'e cars for the movement of wheat, J flour, corn, and potatoes. We have] met with considerab~ success, but[ the situation remains critical. I A DKESS-UP FROCK 1340 12-20 Pert head-turning frock that will be cool as a breeze. Dainty lace edges the sleeves and sweetheart neckline. Barbara Bell Pattern No. 1340 is designed for sizes 12, 14, 16, 18 and 20. Size 14, short sleeve, requires 3% yards of 39-inch fabric; 2~ yards machine-made ruling or lace to trim. For this pattern, send 20 cents, in coins, your name, address, pattern number and ~ize wanted to Barbara Bell (Bismarck Capital Pub Co.) 530 South Wells Street, Chicago 7, Ill. Have you sent for your copy of the Spring and Summer catalog? It's full of up-to-the-minute styles --for ten cents. MAPPING MORE TROUBLE FOR NIPS DOUGHTY COMMANDER of the famed U. S. Pacific Task Force58, Vice Admiral Mare A. Mitseher, right, goes over charts with Com- modore A. A. Burke aboard his flagship somewhere near the coast of Japan during one of the carrier-based assaults on the Japanese homeland. Mitscher's potent carrier task force is presumably still on the prowl with the Tokyo radio hinting it might scourge the Ryukytm or Formosa while withdrawing from the assault on Jap warships in the Inland sea. (International) NORTH DAKOTA'S GREATEST BUYING THEY GET RESULTS S LLING RATES: 8c per word---no ad less than $1.00 6c word each additional issue Send or Bring Your Want Ads to the Publisher of this Paper, or Send Direct to NORTH DAKOTA NEWSPAPER ASSOCIATION Bismm-ck, North Dakota ley Stock Farm, Page, N.D. 27-31 FARM EQUI]PMENT ONE I0-20 McCORMiCK DEE]RING tractor i~ good running order and two bottom P& O plow i~ good shape, price~. George Vik, DrisculL 31-32 FOR foot L c steel box, and tractor hitch, also 10 foot Moniter Horse drill Horace Standard Station, Horace, No. Dak. FARM ~-NDS FOR SALE BEAUTIFUL HOME FARM FOR grain and livestock Courtenay district Stutsmart County N. D. 7 room house, large barn with lean, Granary, chicke~ house, excellent well. Black loan soil, m'nooth lay- ing 2-3 tillable, woven and barb wire fenced pasture. Good tegtant, possession this fall. Buy early, plan to move on in fail Farms with good buildings at a premium. Paul E. Simmons Box 1654,Jamestown, North Dakota. 31-32 FOR SALE: Well improved 400 . acres on highway 10, near James. zo wn, Good soil good water, I from. ~wn, reason sening" o a, no nelp, write owner Wil- liam MeCann. 517 8th Street, Big. marek, North Dakota. M~ PROPERTY FOR SALE IMPROVED comer lot, 50 by 150, two buildings on lot, store build- 423, house 421 ~ street, thx"~ b~oc~s north of post office. Price $14,000, Mrs. William Erlenmeyer. Phone 9F14 call 3~ miles east of Bismarck, Highway I0 31ft. GALLOWS AND ROPE The two Drlncipal matters the United Nations ,have to decide a~ut major Axis war criminals are "the location of the gallows and~ the length of tl~ drop," according to Lord Vansittart, former British r orexgn Office advisor. Also, said Lord Vansittart, Ger- n~.ny should not be re-ed~cat~ but refo .rmed. He proposed formation of aa mter.-Allied cozm-nission with suocomm~ssions to visit schools and umversities to make sure that mili- tarism and raeialism were not re- instilled in German youth. North DakotR Newspaper Association, Bismarck, N, D.--31--45. MILD NON. SURGICAL TREATMENT. Fistula, Fissure end other rectal diseases, except cancer, treated successfully. DR. C. L. TIMMONS Irdeen. S. O William M. $ hantz Certlfle PUBLIC ACCOUNTANT TAX CONSULTANT 4~ Broadway Bismarck, North Dakota Telephone 640 Re denee BULLS, BUIJ.~, see the big rug- go6 ,~ngus bulls at Oak Coulee Ranch before you buy. John Daw- son & Son. Mandan 29-32 PURE BRED POLLED HEREF~ bulls. A. E. Nelson, A bmU) m " A GUS BULI Pur *150 l~e ~.rs, ~red by the Breed's stock ram BVS a SS omeo TuNrr FOR SALE BY OWNER: A good going Lumber, Hardware and /n- ~ernational Harvester machinery i szness. Good brick and tile build- ng [~Oxl50. Only busine~ this na- ture in town. Did good business in recent past, excellent future pros- poets. Reason age and health, Ad- dress Box 136 Braddock, N. D. 31.35 FOR SALE: Store building; stock and fixtures. Large business vol- urae or general merchan~se, goods, groceries, shoes and ware. Bank exchange and Cream- cry .m good trade territory. Write xor m~ormation, Box 90 Bismarel~ TRADE SCHOOL8 Aucrms o o ,~o~ ~ree catalog. Reisch Auction ocnoo/, AUsUn, MJnn 12 ~m &.~**O0 RK EVERY GRAVE. Have it f well. done at lowest c~L Write ~rmprlce" list LaRue and SehrelRer, Your Guarantee OF I ITS[KE 8ATISFA(YrloN MANDAN CREAMERY AND PRODUCE CO. Bigger Cream Returns No Middleman No Wait=---Fast Service Ship Dil'~ct or Deliver to Our De -