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The Billings County Pioneer
Beach, North Dakota
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April 12, 1945     The Billings County Pioneer
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April 12, 1945
 

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BILLINGS COUNTY PIONEER OHIO FLOODS AND M. V. A. (Christian Science Monitor) The latest floods have been in the Ohio, not the Missouri Valley, but the swirling waters seem to emphasize the needs which lie back of the M. V. A. bill, now in the Commerce Committee of the Senate. For much the same needs have prompted the whole agitation for comprehensive river valley development in the United States. The situation on the Ohio just now accents flood control. But the necessity of flood control ill the Ohio Valley must be harmonized with the need for maintaining navigation. In the Missouri Valley a third and more complicating factor is added : irrigation of arid lands in the upper basin. Taken together for either valley they call for a controlled volume of flow, hel.d all the year around within such upper and lower limits as will serve at least the minimum requirements of all these objec- tives. News dispatches from the Ohio flood areas have made a good deal of how Cincinnati and Portsmouth have been saved great damage and hardship by the levees erected since the flood of 1937. Effective as are such barriers locally, they at best offer no more than a supplementary or palliative rem- edy. Often a citadel of high levees on one section of a rivez' serves to aggravate the flood in lower, less protected areas. Experts in conservation have long agreed that river con- trol must begin at the sources of the flow. It involves such measures as reforestation, retardation of soil erosion and too- rapid run-off and the construction and operation of impound- ing dams in series beginning near the headwaters, It calls for extensive, long-range plans and programs and the advanc- ing of very large sums of public money with little expectation of quick and direct returns, except from the by-product of the dams, electric power. But the ultimate dividends to the nation in increased productivity of the' land, in the conserving of the soil, and in economical transportation are potentially enorm- OilS. Appointed U.S. Mrs. John Moses, widow of the late~ Senator John Moses, will be deputy clerk of the United States court in Bismarck according to an announcement of Miss Beatrice Me- MrL John M~es Michael, clerk of the UnRed States district court in Fargo. It is a pert- time Job. Mrs. Moses suecdeds R. D. Hos- kins who resigned recently, aft~ serving for 52 years, or since Dec. 1, 189R He was clerk of the North Dakota supreme court from the time of sta~,~ood in 1~ until 1917. In 1932 Mr. Hosklns con~let~l the No~'th Dakotamen and women who served in World War I. IWaIer Supply Is Being Checked The U, ~ Geological survey is becoming more and more concerned over North Dakota's water supply and in order to determine as close- ly as possible the amount of water in our rivers and streams a district office of the Survey was established last fall in Bismarck. where a num- ber of engineers have been install- ed with Ralph F~ Marsh in~ charge. The Bismarck office also is in charge of the Geological Survey work in South Dakota. The Bismarck office is collecting JAPS LEAVE TRAIL OF HORROR TYPICAL OF THE TERROR %d.sited upon Filipino civilians by the Japs as they found tilemselves hopelessly cornered in the Intramuros section of Manila are the above pictures, Just released by the Army Signal Corps. At top, barefoot women escape, with their children, across the Pasig II~vcr after an American tank arrives. But, below, one of their neigh- bors, his hands bound behind his back, has been put to death without a chance to fight. Photos from News of the Day Newsreel. (Internatio~m!) factual data on the flow of streams and rivers in all parts of ti~ state. The growth and well being of our cities depends or~ adequate water. Some cities and towns are already feeling the pinch of decraesing wa- ter supplies .which eventually may become' so serious that the popula- tion will stagnate or even dwindle because of lack of sufficient water. It /s the business of the geologi- cal survey to invesigate all water resources point out where w~ter may be found and where a scarcity of water may continue. This may take time, Marsh says, as reliable water records are omly obtained after long and careful study. However, temporary relief that may eventually be found to be sufficient for a number of years, may be unearthed during investiga- tion of a district or area. "We must know the quantities available." Marsh says, "in order that this wa- ter may be put to the best possible use." "We first determine the general locality for which records are de- sired and then pick a definite point where the stage of the stream will bear some relation to the volume of the flow. We then install a gage which in its simplest form may be l a graduated board or scale placed on the river bank, road once or twice a daY by local observers, otr a~ automotic gage housed in a wooden or concrete structure built in the bank. '~he determination of volmne of flow, or discharge, as we call it, is more difficulk To do this our engi- neers visit the gages from time to time and make actual measurements of the width, depth and speed of the water, from which data the ac- tual volume of flow can be com- puted` After we have ohtaL~ed a sufficient number of measurements at high, low and medium stages, we can compute the daily discharge of the stream." PASSENGER CAR TIRES MUST BE "RUN OUT" Effective April 1 tire inspectors will exte~ the "run out" policy to cover passenger tires and' tractor tires, m a vigorous attevnpt by the industry to extract every mile of wear from every tire. acoording to Sherley M. Walker. district OPA rationing officer The policy of refusing to grant purchase certificates for new tires if repairs, boots or recaps could ex- tend the life of the tires for even a few miles, has formerly been in ef- fect on truck tires only. At the same time OPA tightened1 tire restrictions, advising inspectorsI to ~otd all condemned tires until re- i leased to the scrap pile by official~ OPA tire examiners. "Passenger tire production is i down to a million tires a month,"i Walker said, "when we expected : two and a half rrtillion by spring, and quotas have been cut in half." Labor Studied At a North Dakota farm labor advisory committee meeting Wed. nesdaF Gov. Fred G. Aandahl stat- ed: '~he problem of meeting the farm labor needs of North Dakota will be a challenge to all concerned in the successful achievement of the production task assigned to this state." Gov. Aandahi expressed his con- fidence that members of the corn- mittee would help to take lmre~- tory of the situation which lies ahead of them. He stated that in so doing they will learn of progress already made and major problems still to be considered. ~. Besides Governor Aandahl, mere- bers of the committee are: John Kasper, state chairman of the agri- cultural adSnsl~e,~t agency; 1~ j. Haslerud, director of the North Da- kota extertsion service; Den Larin~ director of the state war manpower commission; Brig. Ge~ Heber L Edwards, state selective service director; M~th Dahl, commissioner of agriculture and labor; Glenn J. Talbott, president of the North Da- kota Farmers Union; W. A. Plath, president of the North Dakota Farm Bureau, and Brig. Gen. L. R. Baird of the state defense counciL~ UNGRADED FARM EGGS SALE PERMrrrED Because of heavy demand for eggs and a relatively short supply, steps have been taken to permit the sale of "current receipt" (ungrad- ed) eggs, f. o. b: the sellers's farm, place of business or other location, OPA has announced. OPA also said that on sale~ to a government agency, one and one-half cents a dozen may be added to the ceiling price for eggs that have been treated for preservation by immer- sion in hot water followed by a coating of mineral oil. TOTS' FINAIFOiU~ Nothing suits little girls quite so well as a pinafore. This one can be worn now with sweater or blouse --fro warm weather wear she'll like just the pinafore and matching panties. Barbara Bell Pattern No. 1899 is designed for sizes 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 /years. Size 2, pinafore, requires lV/s yards of 35 or 39-inch material; panties, ~ yar& For this pattern, send 20 cents, in coins, your name, address, pat- tern number and size wanted to Barbara Bell (N. D. Newspaper As- soc.) 530 South Wells Street, Chi- cago 7. Ill. Just off the press--the new Spring and Summer Catalog. Fash- ions that are brand new--and suit- able for all the family. You'll want one of these complete guides for home sewers. Ten cents per copy. North Dakota's horse population is continuing to decline. The state had 314,000 horses a year ago, compared with 295,000 Jar~ 1 1945. 'EM HOW DO IT FORMER KING OF THE RING, now a commander in the U. S. Coast Guard, Jack Demt~scy ~ =,~: fighting Coast Guardsmen on a Western Pacific island the prcl):~ of using a pick-ax. The former heavyweight champion visited tb~, nd while on a tour of Coast Guard installations in the Pacific theatre. U. S. Coast Guard photo. (International) Garand Rifle With the 45th Division of the Seventh Army in France--Back in basic training, the average dough- boy looked upon the M-I Garand rifle as a lot of excess baggage as he sweated and toiled through many a long hike. He probably made a mental note to discard the heavyweight weapon at the first op- portune moment and purloin a much lighter carbine. Lt. Eusebius, Bismarck, North Dakota, former Staff Sergeant with 'T' Company of the 157th Infantry Regiment, proved the value of the weapon in a recent day's action on the sev- enth Army front. Advancing along a ridge with the third platoon of 'T' Company, Bos- sert looked over to his right where the first platoon was to attack. An enemy 20 mm gun had the men pinned down. '~rhere wasn't anything I could do but try to get the Heinies at the gun," explained Bossert Crawling and inching his way forward, the v~teran 45th Division doughboy outflanked the enemy gun Ix~lti6n by securing a vantage point at its ~.ar. Carefully sighting his M-I, the only weapon he car- ries, he let go; Bang! BangI Bangi and the three Heinies fell on eilhe~ side of the Reaching a little town just over the ridge, the eompan~ was again held up, this time by heavy macho inegtm fire from a well dug in Heinie position. Bo~ert again grasp- ed M-1 firmly in his arms, inched ~a~zard to where he could spot the ~ gun nest. Shot after shot rang out as he poured lead at the enemy. He paused only long enough to change Clips. The four-man crew fell dead and the gun was destroyed. Moving through the streets of the little Alassti~ town, Bossert sur. prised and captured an automatic rifleman and five others. After send- ing them o~ to the PW pea, contirmed on his way. Three Kraut automatic riflemen were racing through the streets firing their Weapons into buildings occupied by 'T' Company doughboys. Caressing the stock of his gun in a loving manner, the North Dakotan moved toward them firing as he advanced. The three Heinies joined their fall- en comrades. The day was far from finished for Bossert, though. He saw a IIei- rile dash toward the church and climb into it's steeple. "I moved after him," told Bossert, "and managed to get within 100 yards of him. I took careful aim, let 'er go and got him." Bossert thinks hig~ of hls wea. port and modestly would rather talk about the good points of an M-I than his heroic and courageou~ actior~ on that eventful day. The officer, a member of the 45th ~rhunderbird' Division since Sept- ember, 1943, wears four bronze battle stars on his Europea~ Thea- ~ex of Operations ribbon. Each is symbolic of his participation i~ a major campaign. Lt. Bossert joined the 45th shortly after the beach- head had been established at Sal- erno and was with his outfit as it fought its way up the Italian boot, across the Volturno River into the hills of Venafre. A brief rest and he was pert of the huge force that fought for 5 long, hard and bloody months on the Anzio Beachhead and which later marched victorious- ly into Rome. He was part of the huge force that struck at the southern coast of France, raced up the Rhine valley and fought its way. into the snow covered foot- hills of the Vosges mountains. At -present he is battling his way a- cross the northern Alsatian plain toward Germany. Lt. Bo~sert wears the gold-bor- dered ribbon awarded his unit by Presidential Citation for heroic ac- tion in combat on the Anzio Beach- head. He has been av,-arded, too, the Purple Heart and one elus~ for wounds received in combat as a result of enemy action. His awards include the Combat Infantrym4m's Badge, presented him for "exem- plary conduct in the face of the enemy', and the Good conduct Me- dal. DISABLED VETERANS URGED TO U8E INTER-REGIONAL RECRUrrM~NT FACILITIE8 Disabled veterans are urged by WMC to take advantage of the in- ter-regional recruitment facilities offered by the U. S. Employment Service, thereby avoiding traveling great distances to find work only to learn that no suitable jobs are available in a given locality. Re- ports reaching the Veterans Em- ployment Service of USES have shown that veterans attracted by "help wanted" advertisements in other localities have discovered that the work is not permanent or is only for a few days a week. WMC als0 pointed out that in a number of cases no housing has been available, and veterans have been forced to leave their families behind. Although veterans are not subject to job controls, USES is concerned about their future jobs and has provided a job counseling program and a system of selective placement, in addition to which the regular inter-regional Jecruitment program provides material assis- tance, officials stated. When a com- mtmity is overcrowded and work prospects are poor, USES can sug- gest alternative places to which ve- terans may go and be certai~ of maximum employment opportuni- ties, WMC said,