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The Billings County Pioneer
Beach, North Dakota
April 19, 1945     The Billings County Pioneer
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April 19, 1945

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CONSOLIDATED VOLUME NUMBER 26 MEDORA, BILLINGS COUNTY, NORTH DAKOTA THURSDAY, APRIL 19, 1945 NUMBER 45 Uuless American farmers this year produce 50 million bushels of flax which is 72 per cent more than the average of the past five years in this cour~try, the war effort is going to suffer. There must be at least that n~uch to supply America's lirLseed'oil and linseed meal needs About 80 ,per cent of it nmst come from the Northwest flax belt---Min- nesota, North and South Dakota, MonL~na an~ bordering states. Reports from AAA offices thru- out the Northwest ~ate acreage goals will be met. The bulk of the increased acre- age will be on farms where flax is not ordinarly an important crop, and in many instances, where il~ has not figured in the crop rotation ir~ recent years. The possibility of loss in seeding is prech~ded by the $5 per acre in- centive peyment and the 1945 flax insurance program. This year it may be difficult for a grower ~o get the variety of flax seed he wants. In Mirmesota the recommended varieties are Koto, Red Wing, Buds, and Crystal. Buds is recommended only in the Re@ River Valley. In North Dakota the popular choices are Renew, Victory, Walsh, Royal, Golden, Buds, anct No. 5128. Seed supplies of the latter are quite I/rnited. The South Dakota Experiment Statior~ is rec~ Koto, Red Wing, Buda and Crystal Koto is one of the very new vari- eties so seed supplies are quite lim- ited. Rust and the comparatively new disease, pasta~, are the most worri- some of flax disease. None of the varieties available is resistant to ,both. Buda, for example, while least resistant to rust is most tolerant of pasrno. Renew, Victory, No. 5128, Walsh, Royal, and Golden (Viking) are rust resistant. Taking a heavier toll of flax stands than is ever suspected are the seedling blight diseases which may in a measure be controllect by treating with New Improved Cer- esan. Inasmuch as treatment is cheap insurance against these dis- eases, and in the flax belt general- ly has proved that it will increase yields 5 per cent and more, all of this year's flax should be treated. Wickard Appoints Grace To Advisory Group Following zs the wire sent by Sec- retary of Agriculture Claude R. Wickard fo Presiden,t Cyril Grace of Mayville State Teachers College: "A National Advisory Commit- tee is being created in the interest of developing among rural peo- ple an e~ucational program dealing with the problems of world peace and methods of bringing about in- ternational cooperation. "Becawse of our national standing in the field of rural school educa- tio ~ and teacher training~ I am very ai~cious to h~ve yo~ serve as a n~ember of this im.ixn-tant commit- tee. "We all hope that the sacrifices made in this war can result in great progress along the high- ways of democracy, nmterial pros- perity and peace for all natiorL The Department of Agriculture is looking to the Extension Service anc~ other educational organizations" for assistance in getting al~ the facts and problems involveck The com- mittee which I have in mind caa, therefore render a most construc- tive service. "We feel that in your capacity as President of the Mayville rtormal school, you have done something in the field of practical rural edu- cation which is outsta~cRng in the Nation and because of your leader- ship, we hope you that you will find it possible to aceepf appoint- ment. "! expect the committee to have one meeting soon. Its function will be purely advisory and will not re- quire a great deal of your time. We can pay traveling expenses. How- ever, since it is advisory in charac- ter, no compensation for services can be pal& Please inform me of your decision in the matter, as we expect the committee to be appoin$- ed within a few days Signed Claude R. Wiclrard~ Secretary." CHINA To encourage a larger acreage, the Office of Economic Stabilization has authorized increased price sup- ports on most varieties of dry edi- ble beans, to $6.00 per hundred pounds for Pinto, and $6.75 for Great Northern and other similar varieties grown in North Dakota. Farmers may obtain loans on their 1945 crop of flaxseed ~rough their local AAA offices, based upon $3.00 a bushel for U. S. No 1 flax- seed at Minneapolis. Out of every dollar the American consumer spent for food last year, 53 cents went to the/jmmer, accord- Lug to the USDA. AND MANDALAY IS ONCE AGAIN IN BRITISH HANDS @ 1141S" IS A VI~ of High street in Mandalay, Burma, and dearly evident is the debris left by the war that was fought to wrest the ~Hed city from the Japanese. Troopl of the BHtish 14th Army took the cry and are engaged now in elSE up the wreckage left by the bombings that preceded its cap- ture, ~ is an official BriUsh photo. (International Soundpboto) Hanley Americans Of Jap Descent Lt. CoL James M. Hanley, who is in command of a battalion of Jape- ne#e Americans, writes a letter from southern France which dem- onstrates that the actions of the .hu- man race are controlled by the ide- ologies of education and envtro~- ment and not by the accident of bir~L His letter in part reads as follows: I0 March, 1945 Southern France I know wh~re there are some! GOOD Japanese Americans--there are some 5,000 of them in this unit. They are American soldiers--and I know where some of them are bur- I wish I could ~ell you the num- ber of Japanese-Americans who have died in this unit alone. I fromGermana prisoner.LUger pistol he had taken' uelne'anJ ,u l 0 N.D. Cattle Group I wish I could tell you the num- her of woun@ed we have had--- sightless eyes, the missing limbs, the broken minds. I wish I could tell you the deco- rations we have won. I wish the boys in the "Lost Bat- talion" could tell you what they think of Japanese-Americans. I wish that all the troops we have fought beside could ~ell you what they know. The marvel is, that these boys fight at all--they are good soldiers in spite of the type of racial pre- judice shown by your paragraph. I know it makes a good joke-- but it is the kind of joke that pre- judice thrives upon. It shows a lack of faith in the American i leas. Our system is supposed to make led. I wish I could show you some good Americans out of anyor, .~---It of them. I remember one Japanese certainly has done it in the ~:.~e of American. He was walking ahead! of me in a forest in France. A Ger- I these boys . You, me Hood River Leg~cr pos~, man shell took the right side of hisI Hearst and a few others make one face off. I recall another bey, an l wonder just what we are fi~hting 88 had been trying to get us fori for. I hope it isn't racial prejudice. some ,time---finally got him. Wl~.enI Come on over here, Charl!e, I'll they carried him out on a stretcherI show you where "some good Jap. the bloody meat from the middlei Americans" are buried. the thighs down hung over u~e$ of - in' J.M. Hanley. end of the stretcher and draggea the di'rb--the bone parts were gone. With all signs pointing to another I recall a scrgeant--a Japanese- American if you will--who had his back blown in .two--what was he doing? Why, he was only lying on top of a white officer who had been wounded, to protect him from shell fragments during a barrage. I recall one of my boys .wch~ stopped a Gern~ n c o~ter, a~u'cz~ single handed. He nr~-~ ~u .~ -.-- AR ammunition, picked up a Ger- man rifle, emptied that---used a big crop in 1945, and with storage and shipping conditions certain to be tight a,t harvest ime, each far- mer is urged by the AAA to start now to work out his problem for handling his 1945 crop when har- vest comes. The closing date for filing by far- mers of applications for payment for AAA Conservation practices out in 1944 is June 30, 1945. HOW OKINAWA WILL TRAP JAPS George Deumeland, well known B/smarck cattle breeder was nam- ed presidertt of the North Dakota Hereford association at the annu- al meeting of the organization held George Duemeisnd at Mino1~ April 7. At the sale held at that place in connec- tion with the meeting of the or- ganization members, animals from the Paterson Land Company herds which Mr. Duemeland manages, topped the sale. The grand ehampiomg, male and female, both consigned by Mr. Duemeland's concern sold for $2,000 each. The female was pur- chased by Otto Schrceder, East Grand Forks, Minn and the male by Schemerhorn Farms, Mahnom- I en, Minn. The two reserve championships were won by the Sunshine ranch of Steele, maneged by J. M. I Kelsch. , Other top price animals sold at :the sale included a bull owned by Ray Schnell of Dickinson which brought $1200; animals from the Richard Baumgartner farm of Dur- bin, N. D $900; ~1son Bros Ar- gusville, N.D $1000; Schultz Hereford Ranch, Towner, sold a bull for ~ and two females for $700 each. The sale set new records in the state for prices paid, association officers state. Average price for the 57 head auctioned was $487.20. Average for the top l0 animals was $1,149. All females averaged $529.05 and bulls $470.85. Ray S~h,nell, Diekinsor~ wa~ chosen vice president; M. H. Mc- Donald, extension animal husband- ryman of the NDAC, Fargo, secre- tary, and Mrs. V. C. Bosch, Fargo, treasurer. Associatlon-sponsored sales are scheduled as follows: June 2, Dickinson; June 4, Devils Lake; October 20, Bismarck. $5.00 for each acre of flax planted up to the goal set for each farm by the AAA will be paid North Dak- ota farmers regardless of whether or not the coun.ty or State goal is met. POSSESSION OF OKINAWA, as a glance at the above map shows, will make it aLmost impo~ible for the Jap~ to maintain contact with the coast of China without t~urth~ deltructio~. Particularly vulnerable is Sha gh as wen as Form ore. of to m.e am .an forces when the day comes tot a thrust at eithe~ China ana ~apan m en- vious, plane based on the excellent Okinawa fields can easily hit move- ments of Sap txoopl and materials once we begin to use those fields, while the Allies ~mn move ~most um~olested in the south. (l.te.rn~floz~) April I0, 1945, is the final date for the acceptance by County AAA Committees of applications for Fed- era1 Crop Insurance covering 1945 crops of wheat and flax. Hogs free of lice an@ mange grow faster and make thriftier gains. Di~piz~ the hogs will control these parasites most easily, but bedding and hog houses m~st be cleaned [oo. Congressman Charles R. Robert- son in a radio message delivered Monday evening urges support of Dumbartor~ Oaks and San Fran- cisco issues. Excerpts from his speech follow: It seems a long time since that eventful day when the broadcast- ing systems announced to our country and to the world the tra- gedy of Pearl Harbor. Immediately thereafter we dedicated ourselves, and we pledged our resources by an Act of Congress to an all-out war. We have ~ep~-the faith and filled the bill. We ~ave raised one of the greatest armies in all civil- ization. We have built a greater navy than will probably be built ever again~ We have chan~ed the production line af the airplane to produce thousands. This has all been done under the American system, In my days In congress, I have recognized the fundamental im- portance of food in the war, and despite some criticism, I have fought with great courage to re- tain the farm boys on the farms of North Dakota. I have stated and re-stated that there does prevail the Tydings Amendment--a law of fl~e United States congress which protects t~se men and their fam- ilies in their rights. I have said again and agalr~ that men who re- main on the farms must be given every conceivable consideratiort. Their work is vital. Their work is noble and in every sense a highly important part of the war effort. There must never be another war. We mus have peace---perman. ent peace in 1~is world, and that means something must be done about it now. Some people will charge me wi~h being idealistic. Perhaps it is an ideal thought--- but idealism is but an expression of a wish, and it must always pre- cede planning and action. The planning and the action have begun. Great criticism has been heaped upon Dumbarton Oaks, and grave concerti is ex- pressed about the San Francisco Confernece. The President is charged wit~ double-dealing. Much debate is being heard about the ratio of votes at the Conference. We hear much about the ambitions of Marshall Stalin, and great skep- ticism of England. Well, let us not forget, my friends,that much as we want peace, those countries want it just as completely. The lands of Russia that will 'have to be re-habilitated idual has been developed. England develops the individual, too. Rus- sia is a country strangely differ- ent from us in thought and action, but yet, through it all, we have a common goal. That goal is lasting peace. I believe the people of this na- tion are saying 'Come what may, let us try something that will stop war." I believe the American people are demanding, by and large, that we participate in the San Francisco Conference---that we take a leading part-that we make reasonable compromises--. that we do not go too far and be- come involved in a situation tha~ might become dangerous. I believe the American people are saying, "Let us begin here." This San Francisco meeting is prompted with a desire to build a structure for permanent peace. It has a chance to succeed, and a good chance to succeed because back of it aLl rests the spirit of the people of Russia, England and of America---the spirit of burning zeal to build a framework for en- during peace. - We, as the United States of Am* erica, m~st be brought forcibly to learr~ that peace cannot come to our nation by accident. It cannot endure by accident. If we are to have and maintain a lasting peace, mactdnery must be set up, and we. as a nation, must resolve that we shall take our place to make it en- dure. There are certain fundamen- tal things that must claim the at- tention of the San Francisco Cone ference. In this San Francisco convention, so soon to assemble, there must be first and foremost, a spirit of can- dor--there must be a frank dis- cussion. Remember, every nation will have the veto power at San Francisco. From that effort must come a finished product in the form of a treaty that is satisfactory to every sovereign nation. There will be no way by which any na- tion can be compelled to join. While we, as Americans enter into this event prompted by the noblest of desires--that of peace-- let us not forget that having made the beginning in that direction, there rests upon the shoulders of all of us a respomsibility to make it work. Hoerner Helps cover a territory almost as large as Build Tub-Bath ,half of continental America. That is a task that will take a genera-, With the 87th Infantry Division. lion to effect. Russia must erave JGermany--Cleanliness-'which nex*t peace. England can never rebuild to Godliness ,is good soldierlines~- her Empire--can never rebuild her lis obtained with a steaming hot, trade lines--can never continue as [ tub-bath by members of the "Goldo a great Nation, unless she hasten Acorn Infantry Division, corn- Peace. These cour~ries have been,manded by Brig. Gen. Frank L. our allies in war. Each has per-~ Culin, Jr, for the sum of l0 gallons formed her task steadfastly and |of water. courageously. Never have we had Built with materials begged, cause to question their sincerity, borrowed or scavenged, by Division and their contribution. Our faith in ~em has bee~ fully justified in the prosecution of this war. Rus- sia's final act--her break with Ja- pan--is but a further and satiny ing proof of her sincerity. Eng- land, Russia and America are the countries most deeply concerned with peace, because we have paid the greatest price in the war. Then, it seems to me. that the criticism we are hearing about the voting ratios--Dumbarton Oaks and Bret. ton Woods, is somewhat academle. Ours is a land in which the indiv- Headquarte~'s Special Troops Sec- tion, the bath took a clay to con- struct and is open to officers and enlisted men. Among the group which construc- ted the bath is Martin Hoerner, Glen Ullin. They erected the pyra. midal tent, built a rough, wooden floor, cleaned and scoured the tub ---a half barrel requisitioned by Cpi Robert J. Nikies, Naperville, Ill from a native admirer of the "liberators",--and installed the stoves. CHURCHILL INSPECTS RUINED BRIDGE span was de~ro- ed w r~ bank ~ ~e P~' ,== pr=em au-out oaenstve. (l flom ) t #