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The Billings County Pioneer
Beach, North Dakota
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April 19, 1945     The Billings County Pioneer
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April 19, 1945
 

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Vail President Rainey of the University Missouri ey of Texas because of his liberalism; we have seen academic freedom ional trophies when members of the executive board met Wednesday evening with scout officials. Of the four scouting awards off- ered by Region 10, the Missot~ri Valley council took three firsts and one fourth. Region 10, which con- sists of 18 councils covers all of Council Receives Schultz and members of his econ- Regional Tr0phiesl woo oo, write what a pressure group demanded; and now we find the majority of the Board of Higher F~iucation violating aca- Quentin C, onzer, scout executive/ demic freedom in North Dakota by for the Missouri Valley council, was/ ousting President Grace without a presented with the travelingreg-~ valid reason- "The fact that, even before the hearimg, the board asked him to resign while not asking the teach- ers who were also involved in the friction at the college to resign, is a clear inculcation that the vague charges of "failure to maintain harmony" are not the real reason North Dakota, South Dakota, Minn- for his ouster. esota and parts of Wyoming, Mon-"Can it be that the Farmers Un- taz~a and Wisconsin. ion is the only group in the State First place awards included the to resent this un-American attack Paul Bunyan statuette for the lar- on the principle of academic free- gest increase in membership for dom, which is the basis of all true January, 1945 over December, 1944; education? Are the people of the the Paul Bunyan Axe for the lar- state willing to see attempts to im- gest per cent of increase for cubs prove the education of their child- and scouts for January, 1945; and ren to meet problems of North Da- the Paul Bunyan Ink Well for kota nullified by irresponsible re- reaching the largest number of actionaries? The Farmers Union scouts during January, 1945 based will continue to fight for progress on boy population. The fourth in education." place prize was Babe, Paul Bun- yan's Blue Ox, given for the lar- gest increase in cub packs and scout troops. In attendance at the Wednesday nmeting, in addition to A. C. Van Wyk and Gonzer. were Dr. O. T. Bensoa of Glen Ullin vice president of the council; Charles Bugbee of Dickinson, chairman of the Teddy Roosevelt district; John W. Calnan, chairman of the Bismarck district; Robert Byrne, scout commissioner; Con Leifur, advancement chairman; Ken Lauster, health and safety chairman; P. O. Sathre. organiza- tion and extension chairman and L. 1t. Marti, leadership training chair- maR. The last six named are all from Bismarck. Talboli Objects To Grace Ouster Following is the statement issued by Glean J. Talbott. president of the North Dakota Farmers Union, regarding the dismissal of President Cyril W, Grace from Mayville SCaLe Teachers College: "I am profoundly disturbed by the news that a majority of the boerd of Higher Education has seen fit to dismiss President Cyril W. Grace from Mayville State Teachers College, particularly since the great Bismarck Sii For War Dead According to an announcement made Tuesday in Washington Bis- marck has been designated the site for a huge national cemetery. The War Department has asked Congress for art appropriation of $122.900,000 to return American @end of Warld War II to this coun- for burial The cemetery would be available for the burial for hon- orably discharged veterans of all wars. Capacity of the cemetery at Bis- marck would be 25,000 graves. Other cries in this area and the capacity are: Pierre, S. D 25,000; Casper, Wyo, 15,000; Helena, Mont. 30,000; Duluth, Minn 50,000; Mad- ison WIS 100,000 and Wausau, Wis $0,000. The war department said it had adopte@ the policy of returning to the United States the bodies of all men killed overseas provided 70 per cent of the next of kin of all killed in the azea request it to do so. If requests of next of kin total less than 70 per cent of those killed, they will be buriedm" national cemeteries located in the war the- atre where they d~ed. preponderance of evidence availa able to the public was in support of Mr. Grace and his progre ve .Road Breaks program of training rural teachersI ,o, W oLst in Years Whatever denials the majority ofI the board may make to the effect[ ,Spring thaws always present pro- that its action was not concernedt blems to the state high.my depart- wih this fo~ward-looking program,| ment ,but this spring has dished and whatever may have been the] out more than its share of trouble charges of some faculty members] for the North Dakota Highway De- whlcl~ the boarc~ has kept secret, partment the fact remains that President CbAef Falglneer M, P. Wynkoop Grace has gained a nationwide rep- uta#Aon for his work in developing advances in rural education. '~rhe National Education ~i- ation, at whose White House con- ference the paper of Mr. Grace ex- ercised so much influence; the A- merican Association of Teachers Colleges, which has been using Mayville as a model for curriculum stud~; and other educational groups that have recoginized Grace's pro- gram. will know that his dismissal is a body.blow ~t the progressive educational ideas he espoused, and a deliberate violation of the princi- ples of academic freedom; the founctatlon stones of our public ed- ucational system. "Likewise, the board's action serves notice on every professor and administrator in the sta~e's in. stituttons of higher learning tha~ they dare not advance from the ed- ucational status quo. or they are in danger of being fired by a board so far removed from responsibility to any elected officials of the state that they do not hesitate to openly flaunt public sentiment. "We have seen academic freedom violated in Texas with the firing of of the department said break-up of bituminous and gravel surface roads is the worst in years, presenting an hnusually knotty problem because men, machinery and materials for reconstruction are difficult to ob- tain due to war ahortagea dntenaz e Engineer Ray Rob- inson said soft feeder roads and water-filled gravel pits are making it next to impossible for the state highway department to effect tem- porary repairL '~rhe situation is aggravated by an exceptionally heavy traffic flow, also a result of the war," Robinso~ said. .~Operators of heavy vehicles have bee~ asked *.o observe weight 1 - mrs established by the department to protect the roads. The AAA advises that g~wers of sugar beets may obtain up to 25 pounds of sugar for each member of the family ra(tlon-:free again this year. Flaxseed growers in' North Da- kota lead the United States in plans for increased acreages. An increase of' two-thirds more land in flax is indicated~ IN GERMAN CITY A SHGrOtNT of the Psychological Warfare Branch of the U. S. Army broadcasts an after to Germans in Coblenz to surrend~ to avoid further bloodshed during capture of the city by the U. S. Third Army. The ser- geant wears a tiny microphone clipped to his upper lip. His speech is amplified by a sound truck that rolls through the city. This scene is being repeated in many cltiea on the Western Front. (fnter~ttom~) BILLINt~S COUNTY PIONEF~t FIRST AID FOR YANK AN AMERICAN MEDICAL CORPSMAN gives first aid to a U. S. soldier who was injured when his glider crashed while landing during the airborne offensive east of the Rhine River. Note the wrecked glider in the back- ground. U. S. Army Signal Corps photo. (International Soundphoto) YANKS CLOSE IN ON NAHA AIRFIELD ~IDICATING HOW CAREFULLY the l~avy's carrie:'-bascd pi:-m,s have been checking up on vital Jap targets is thi~ air vie ;. ,~! ~ ~' ?" ' " airfield, on Okinawa Island` taken several m.nt',s hgo. TI',!*." : ! . ~,: panoramic camera-records take on particular ir, terest as At~'" '~'.*~ "-'.ision forces move in on Naha and its fine flying field Navy ~h,~ t~:Le~mltiow~l) Washburn Plant To Have Addition A new boiler will be buiR on the Otter Tail Power plant at Wash- burn it has been announced. An addition will he built on the north side of the present building. The new boiler will be of the same size and capacity as those now in use. This will bring the number to four boilers now being used. Chas. Larson, superintendent of the plant, was in Fergus Falls, Minn last week'*where contracts were signed for the building. The Fuel Economy Engineering Co, of St. Paul has the contract for build- ing the new boiler. Work is ex- pected to start in the next' few weeks and will contirme through- out the summer. North Dakota farmers and ranch- ers now have an all-time record number of 1,~,000 head of cattle on hand, according to the USDA Bureau of Agricul~ural Economics. STITCH WITH ;HT ,51DE5 TURN G 50 IT WILL NOT 5P.G Even the plainest of straight net or scrim curtains will take on an air of elegance without ~beir~g too formal if you ad~ a simple draped valance Such a valance ts also pretty with ruffled curtains, and it may he made of figured chintz as well as of plain meteriaL Festoo~ rings at the upper cor- ners of the window frame are all that you need in the way of drap- ery fixtures. The diagrams show how to cut and line the valance which is pulled through these rings. You can avoid piecin~gs by using thirty-six-inch-wide materials cut lengthwise. A half width makes the depth of the vala, nce. The length is the width of the window plus the amount to hang down at each side. Note: This curtai~ idea is from the 32-page booklet "Make Your Own Curtains", by Ruth Wyeth Spears. This booklet shows you the newest and most appropriate cur- tain and drapery styles for all types of windows with cutting and mak- ing methods fully illustrated. To get a copy enclose 15c with name and address direct to Capital Pub. Ca, care of Mrs. Spears, Drawer 21, Bedford Hills, New York. , i ,111 ii Turkey Coop Endorse MVA Indorsement of the Mtssouri Val- ley authority was made bYoStock- holders of the Great Northern Tur- key Cooperatives, Inc seven-state regional marketing federation of turkey producers at their annual meeting April 5 at the Lowry Hotel in St. Paul. Last year the federation marketed 700,000 pounds of poultry under the GNT brand, and showed favorable returns. Plans for expansion were made. Carl McCormick of Madrid, Neb- raska Otto Taylor of Rushville, I Nebraska and L A. Joyee of Minot,] North Dakota. were reelected toI the board. Officers include H. V. Anderson of Henry, Nebraska president, Alex Lind, Williston, Vice President, and Russell Gleason of Nicollet, Minn- esota, secretary-treasurer. Martin Byrne, Jamestown is the seventh member of the board, Townspeople Are Urged To Help Meeting the fa,rm labor needs of North Dakota is a challenge "to all of us" concerned in the state's prin- cipal industry, Gov. Fred G. Aan- dahl told a farm labor meeting at Bismarck, "I am confident that all of you ~are with me in a desire to take inventory of the sittmtion which lies ahead of us. In so doing we shall be interested in learning of progress already made and major problems still to be considered," the governor said. The meeting was called by Gov. Aandahl and presided over by him. H. W, Herbison, director of the North Dakota extension service, re- ported that between g,000 and 1O,- 000 out-of-state farm laborers will be recruited for farm work in North Dakota harvest fields this fall. They will start coming into the state in' August, In addition, the committee was informed, 1,600 will be brought into the state for work in the beet fields during May, June and July and that 2,000 potato field workers and 1,500 beet workers are expected to be recruited for September harvest- ing of these products. Governor Aandshl said that wag- es paid for this work will be "much the same as last year." The most serious labor shortage, members of the committee said, will be during the spring seeding sea- son. The committee urged towns- people to help in the fields when- ever possible, Only three per cent of the total male agricultural population of the ~has been inducted into ~ a~- services durlng the last 12 months, General Heber L. Edwards announced. These had been care- fully selected, he said. "We urge everyone to do every thingpossible to get a big acreage seeded," said Gov. Aandahl. "Peo- ple in towns who can m-range to sperml a few days during good weather to help in any way with the spring seeding should do so. "Although the outlook is good for other sea.ms At is difficult to get out-of-state help for seeding. We need the food. It is a p~triotic duty o produce it." Bodies Land of Plenty In a state where food production is the main industry to find but five per cent of a representative group of children ~eceiving good diets was alarming; the average for very poor diets is 62 per cent; wl~le for fair. 13 and for poor, 20. The great- est number of deficiencies occm- in vegetables, fruits, eggs an ~ milk, according to Mrs. H. P. Rose~ber- ger, Bismarck, state nutritionist. These averages were revealed in Helps Locate 4100 Fmemy Guns With the Fifth Army, Italy is Pfc. Leo L. Stein, flash ranging observer, son of Mrs. Rose Stein, Route No. 1 Bismarck, one of the highly traJ.n- ed technicians of the 15th Field Ar- tilery Observation Battalion, which has located more Lha~ 4100 enemy gun positions on the Fifth Army front in Italy, leading to their des- truction or withdrawal. The battalion is now serving in the Apennine Mountains overlook- ing the Po Valley. Only American unit of its kind in Italy, it has em- ployed the most modern methods of betrayal of enemy positions by flash and sound for more thart 18 months and has, at the same time, obtained and disseminated precise, local meterological data. On the Anzio beachhead, where part of the outfit landed on D-Day, January 22, 1944, the 15th pinpoint- ed 1968 enemy gun positions and 93 other targets, including tanks and infantry conzentrations, and fur- nished valuable meteorological and topographical information to artill- ery and Air Forces units. The specialists entered combat near Pietravairano, Italy, October 27, 1943 and participated in the creeping advance on Casino until they were taken out of the line to sail to Anzio. Part of the outfit landed in Anzio on D-Day, others went ashore two days later and the entire battalion was enduring %he daily ordeals of shellfire and Ger- man bombing by early February. The battalion's complicated pre- cision work was carried out on the double from the time the Fifth Army broke out of the confines of the beachhead in May until it had helped doughboys sweep through Rome, Orhetello, Grosseto and Pio- mbino. Then the 15th changed its course and moved inland to Flor- ence. The observers helped firing batteries throw Germans off bal- ance on the north bank of the At- no River while bridgeheads were established, then slug holes in the Gothic Line. They have since car- ried out their mission in the for- bidding mountains bordering the Po Valley. The 15~h sailed from ~he United States August 21, 1943. Lieutenant Colonel Richard T. Nichols of Des Moines, Iowa, and Long Beach California, has com- rnanded the battalion throughout its overseas service. North Dakota A.AA County COm. mittees have been allocated a quota of 22,800 pounds of copper wire for farmstead wh'ing for distribution durin~ the second quarter, April, May and June of 1945. a sm-vey prepared by the state nu- trition ~ttee of North Dakota of .the State Defense council in cooperation with the c~unty nutri- tion committees. Five represeata- Live counties were surveyed dur- ing the months of October and Nov- ember, 1944 with a total of ch&klren checked for diets of one day. In the town schools, sixth grade children were interviewed, while in .~he rural schools, all chil- dren participated The average percentages of chil- dren rejecting foods and the items refused were: 4 per cent, milk; 7.8, but~r; 7.4 vegetables; 3 potatoes; 6, fruit; 5.4, eggs;, 5.2 meat or subsi- tute. To the question, '"Were there many children who ate no break- fast?" the answer is only 25 out Of the total. Therefore, the inadequa- cies in the poor diets occur in all three meals during the day. Can parents be awakened to the imper- ative need for better food selec- tion and preparation? With more extensive ~eaching of nutritton,~can children be impressed with the need for better food selection? Will more schools appreciate the need for participator in the hot noon lunch program? LEGLESS CASSINO VET AND BRIDE WITH THE AID OF TWO CANES and artificial legs, Aubrey B. Holland, :. 24-year-old soldier who lost both legs at Cassino, Italy, is shown leaving the Ba Hliming2 Baptist Church, West Conshohocken, pa with his bride, u~o xuzmer xo year ola l~oris jane H. " " utl~ (International Soundphoto ) { Tt AI ~n I%11 un Of B[ P~ Bl Su K h' 3 P b] e: s] a d I e .] I I t I ] ( ] ] ]