Newspaper Archive of
The Billings County Pioneer
Beach, North Dakota
April 26, 1945     The Billings County Pioneer
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April 26, 1945

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BILLINGS COUNTY ]PIONEER I HIGHER ACREAGE AGAIN Farmers in North Dakota intend to plant a larger acreage in 1945 than they did last year. These intentions have been indicated in spite of labor and machinery shortage and are an expression of the patriotic war effort being put forth by the farmers of North Dakota. The acreages of all wheat, oats, and flaxseed in North Da- kota will be increased; but corn, barley, potatoes, and tame hay acreage will be decreased. The total acreages of principal crops will, however, exceed the 1944 total by about two per- cent, indicating that farmers of the state will continue to do their best to supply the large demands of foodstuffs. Planting intentions by South Dakota farmers indicate that the total crop acreage in 1945 will be about one percent greater than that of 1944. There will be increases in flax, oats and corn; while acreages of barley, sorghum, and wheat will be on the decrease. KEEPING THE LID ON Farmers who normally spend more than $90,000,000 a year for ready-made barns and other structures built mostly of wood, will find this spring that most of these buildings are now tagged with their ceiling prices. These new priceing requirements apply to manufacturers, whether lumbor yards or other producers, and the distribu- tors, jobbers, dealers, and mail-order houses. When you to to town to buy one of these ready-made buildings, the ceiling prices will be marked on tags on the products. A a ucture may be sold for less than its ceiling price, but not for more. The ready-made farm structures coming under this new pricing and tagging requirement include: barns, livestock shelters, sheds, hog houses, poultry houses, granal es, corn cribs, tool houses, grain bins, well houses, garages, smoke- houses, milk houses, ice houses, and s me other buildings-- but not dwellings. Right now, when it is harder to get new buildings, these ceiling p ces may not seem to be so important. However, when the war is over and improvements planned for the post- war period are started, these costs will be very important to all North Dakota. It looks like a step in the right direction. CONSERVATION GROWS Conservation of soil and water is a subject which is spoken of often, thought about a lot, and discussed repeatedly. Far- mers and town folks are all interested in saving our natural resources. When you travel over Dakota and see the gullies, water running off from fields, soil being washed away, and crops washed out or covered up--then you begin to wonder whether or not the conservation story has been told often enough to enough people. However, there are thousands of farmers who are practicing the saving of soil and water on thousands of North Dakota fields and pastures. The picture isn't all dark, for dams have been built by the thousands, acres are con- toured by the tens of thousands, and residue manage- ment to prevent runoff has been carried out on hundreds of thousands of acres. With-the help of soil conservation districts, the AAA pro- gram, and the other ageficies assisting with conservation work, thousands of North Dakota farmers are beginning to work out complete conservation plans for their farms. This number is ever-increasing and will continue to grow in the post-war days when labor and supplies become more avail- able. Yes, North Dakota farmers are conservation minded-- they are doing a good job under wartime conditions. e @ Large Onions Grown From Onion Sets, H~rVli~ ~a 1111. Most Victory gardens grow plant them lad limpid not Ill lit onions from sets. These are mere- out for a week or two ~ ly dwarfed onions, grown last year first seed eropl nave .l~tn planl~l. in crowded rows which prevented To grow mature $nl~ml, splle them from developing normal size these plants four ~hes apart, in They are grown ~rom the same rich soiL seed that produces large onions.Green onions may be grown from Their advantage over seed is in the time they take to grow to us- able size. They will produce green onions in three weeks, and mature onions in three months, From 15 to 30 pounds of large onions can be grown from a pound of onion sets which do not average ove~' three.quarters of an inch in diameter. To grow large onions, sow small sets an inch deep; and to grow spring or green onions, to be eaten before bulbs begin to form, sow larger sets two or three inches deep. Spanish and Bermuda onlon plants are started in the southern states, pulled up when as large as a lead pencil lad shipped north to ~ planted in gardens. They should flesh lad green when you seeds, sown with the first crops. It takes much longer to produce either green or mature onions from seedI than from sets. Sow fairly thickly. and cover half an inch. and thin out the young plants early. If you are growing for green onions, space them an inch apart. As they attain a usable size, they can be used, and plants may be left standing four inches apart to mature. When the onion tops grow limp and fall over, it is a sign that the bulbs are mature. They need not he pulled at once. hut when they are harvested they should be dried several days in the sun and stored in a well ventilated place. A rich soft is required to grow ~ge enlons flora .~ A b.alanc~ Plant ~oed should be apim~ a~ um rats of s pint to ~ f~ ~I row, CHICAGO, ILL.--Curtiss Candy Company is the flcst organiza- tion in the Nation to fly the new returned veterans service flag authorized by the War Department- lnez Aronson (left) holds the new fla~, which siamifies that 130 returned service men and women have been employed or re-employed by the company, while Anne Hoff- man displays the company flag honoring the 1,040 Curtiss employees who have entered the service. Mexicans Arrive To hid on Farms One hundred and fifty workers from Mexico have arrived in North Dakota and most of them are now on farms and ranches of the state, announces H. W. Herbison, super- visor of the NDAC Extension ser- vice emergency farm labor pro- gram. These men are the first of more tl~m 5,000 Mexican nationals and domestics arranged for by the Ex- tension Service to work on North l Dakota farms this year. The first 150 arrived April l0 and will remain in the state until har- vest winds up next fall. According to the Extension Ser- vice, 1.600 Mexicans, both foreign and domestic, will be brought in for thinning and blocking sugar beets in the Red River Valley counties and in. McKermie and Williams counties, from late May through June 10. After this time they will be available for hay, grain and potato harvests, and then later for the sugar beet harvest. Transfer of 750 foreign workers from each of the states of Nebras- ka and Minnesota, as of July 25, for the small grain and potato har- vest, also will add to North Dak- ota's harvest help supply. These workers ave scheduled to return at the end of September to Nebraska and Minnesota for the sugar beet harvest. Also in prospect it the transfer of 2,000 Mexican workers from Mon- tana in July for work in haying and grain harvest until Sept. 25. Several thousar~d workers from Mexico helped North Dakota far- mers in 1944 and generally were very satisfactory, although a little preliminary training was necessary to teach the men the jobs expected of them. Arrangements have been made with Arkansas, Mississippi and Ok- lahoma for recruiting farm workers in these states for the North Dak- ota grain harvest, Herbison says. Arkansas has indicated more work- ers may be sent this year, while Mississippi and Oklahoma expect to h~ve nearly as many as last year for North Dakota if they are need- ed. M.issouri and Kentucky may also be the source of additional men if more are needed. THE LONE RANGER Bv Bob Green FEET AND WE'LL~~ /// ';//; ',i MEANWHI / E IJA~/ PA~KER RE, aCHES llA C~-IANCE TO t,~ /WAKE J [HiS WAYTO 8ANCROI=T/II~,y//~VICTOR/ f/t K,L ,T / BOYS.'z / LT A'rS I~OSS/BLE.'21 GOOD YOL.) AP, E AT Y/'/~ IANSWER, IF YOU ) ~ DC, 3" l ISTAGE AEROSS %];,OS5 JA~f.I I'//'~/~1 POPP~N~ LEATHEP,! /////~ IA~,E A GOOD ~. KNOW./JI . x /1/