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The Billings County Pioneer
Beach, North Dakota
April 26, 1945     The Billings County Pioneer
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April 26, 1945

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mm~ BILLINGS COUNT]~ PIOI~J~ Washington--The continuation of peaceful industrial relations after the war. with labor defending free enterprise and employers upholding the right of workers to organize, is the goal of a management-labor committee to be set up soon by the U. S. Chamber of Commerce, the CIO, and the AFL. The only flaw in the idyllic plan unfolded at a kleiglight press con- ference at Chamber of Commerce headkluarters here yesterday was the absence of individuals and or- ganizations responsible for much of the recent industrial strife. The Chamber of Commerce par- ticipated in the persons of Eric Johnston and two other industrial- isis, but the NAIVI (National Asso- ciation of Manufacturers) did not participate--even though it had been invited. Nor was there any as- surance in the words of hope and promise expressed by Johnston that he was speaking for Seweli Avery, Torn Girdler or Ernie Weir. Lewis Absent Labor was represented by Philip Murray for the CIO and William Green. George Meany and Bob Watt for the AFL. But John L Le- wis, whose 400.000 bituminous coal miners were taking a strike ballot while the press conference was in session, was not in the room; in fact. he had not bean invited. With the NAM declining an in- vitation to this management-labor love feast, there were two diverse judgments as to the results to be obtained. One was that since the NAM rep- resents the Nation's industrial heads its refusal would pretty much nulity whatever good the C. of C. might accomplish in per- mmdlng recalcitrant employers to go along with organized labor. On the Sl t other view was that the C. of C. has put the NAM on the spot ---so much that the latter, soarer or later would have to fail into line. That is espeeialiy so, it is poln~i out, because many of the leading members of the C. of C. are also in- fluential in the NAM. For example, one of the industry members select- ed for the Joint labor-management con-m~ttee, J. David Zellerbach, pre- sident of the Crown-Zellerbach Corp. of San Francico, is a vice pre- sident of the NAM. When Johnston was asked wheth- er he would continue his efforts to get the NAM to participate, he re- plied that he woul~d ~nd he hoped Murray and Gree~ also would strive to obtain the co-operation of other labor organizations, presumably re- ~rrlng to the railroad bcother- hoods and perhaps Lewis' "'-~'-'United Mine WorkerL The pre~ co~.ferenoe at which the "praetical partnemhip" of labor and management was announc~c~ was a unique affair. Never be~'e had the heads of the two Jmain la- bor organizations partcipated in a joint press conference with the head of the C. of El. The conference was well-reported, well-photograph. ment subscribed and which are in- tended as a charter of post-war in- dustrial peace. These principles de- clared that: Increased prosperity requires maximum production and employ- ment "at wages assuring a steadily advancing standard of living." Im- proved productive efficeincy and techv.oligicai advancement were to be "constantly encouraged." The "rghts of private property and free choice of action, under a system of rlvate competitive capi- taiism must continue to be the foundation of our Nation's peaceful and prosperous expanding economy. Pree competitian and free men are the strength of our free society." The inherent right and responsi- bility of m~nagement to direct operations of an enterprise shall be recognized and preserved." It also provided that "management must be free--from unnecessary Govern- mental interference or burdensome restrictions." The ft ndamental rights of labor to roganize and to engage in collec- tive bargaining with management shall be recognized and preserved. free from legislative enactments which would interlere with or dis- courage these objectives." The building of an economic system that will porteet the indi- vidual "against the hazards of un- employment, old age, and physical impairments, beyond his control." Barely Beftm A vastly incheased foreign trade. including assisting devastated and undeveloped nations "to encourage the rebuilding and development of sound economic systems." Establishment of an international security organization, "with full participation by all United Nations, capable of preventing, aggression and assuring lasting peace." The charte rhas not yet been ap- proved by any of the three or- ganizations whose heads drew it to his boar@ of directors ,and Green and Murray said they would do the same all at an early date. Johnsfon explained that the char- ter is not a finished document, but is "only a beginning" When approved by the participat- ing organizations the principles wouldo be put into effect by a la- bor-management committee of lS or 20 members, equally divided be- tween capifal and labor. Twelve members have, been se- leoted thus far. Representing labor are Green, Murray, Meany, Watt, R. J. Thomas of the Auto Workers, and Sidney Hillman of the Amaia- gamated. Industry representatives in. addition to Jolmston, Seyferth, Thomas and Z~ellerbach are Henry J. Kaiser and Patti G, Hoffma~ "It is the work of this committee that will tell the story," said Mur- ray. He was hopeful, Greem said the plan would not eKminhte sh-ikes, but would reduce them. ed and well-newsreeled. =e o,Airlines Johnston, with Green his right Re d Thomas, l msident of the .Go e a,r c0r Tier & Rubber Co satyr Green s right and ORo A. Sey~erth. presi- Northwest Airllmm disclosed Sat- dent of the West Michigan Steel urclay that it he~ flown more than Foundaries sat at Murr~' left. Johnston begar~ by saying that two roads lay ahead--one leading to ~ employment, high wages, and high production and prosper- ity; the other leadh~g to lowered e~tb~$men~ lowered wage~ and lowered production and eventual 'UP to Us' "It is up to us' to decide which road to take" he said. "Management and labor have been working for some time to work out a ehapterJ, That will help us solve some of the problems in a postwar WorldJ' He then outlined "a code of prin- ciples" to which labor and manage- 17,000,000 miles on military supply routes to Alaska. The report shows that the corn. party is operating two round trips de/ly betweer~ Minneapoli~ St. Paul and Att~. only 1500 miles from Tokyo, anct that 150 pilots are en- gaged* in the far north operations. Delivery by 15 Northwest Airlines e p~ains of a carload of C-46 "flying boxcar" cacgo transports to India is also di~ose& NN~A participated in the emer- gency coneentretio~t of American commercial planes on June 13, 1942 to rush men and materials to Alaska to halt the Jap advance on Dutch Harbor. INSPECTS MURDER CAMP VICTIMS MEDICAL CORPS Maj. John R. Scotti, 64, of Brooklyn, N. Y a member at the Fourth Armored Division, U. S. 3rd Army, is shown inspecting some or tl~e 4,000 bodies found at a prison camp at Ohrdruf, Germany. The bodies found included one of a man who, rescued prisoners said, was a naturalized American flier of Polish extraction. (International) FOOD RATION STAMPS GOOD J~.tNe RUD IrrAMPS r -llF=4r.-llr=-L.rHRU JULY s, I I I BLg| $'1" MP$ i 1 RU JULY 31 sMmp$ good in Mo SUGAR STAMP #/amp will beco e gooo May I #UP rl#$ ##Am" FOR Ftn'uRt WHEN G. L JOE COMES HOME If we were to t ke literally some of the advice that is be- ing dished out by certain more or less eminent psychologists on the subject of how to treat G. L Joe when he comes home, we would be under the impression that every boy who returns from the wax will be a serious psychopathic case. It is un- fortunately true that there will be such cases, all too many of them, but these individuals will receive extensive treat- ment before they are discharged and parents will presumably be advised as to the situatiom ~ Most of the returning servicemen, however, will be much the same boys that went away two or three or four years ago. They will be more mature of course, they may be somewhat high-strung because of some of the experiences they have gone through, they will be eager to be their own boss after taking orders for so long, they will wish to be treated as men rather than as juvenils but they crtainly won't be so vastly changed as to require treatment as victims of some serious nervous disorder. There may be a little strangeness at first, as there would with any relatives or friends who have been away from each other for the same length of time at the age when boys are developing into men wherever they are. But this will pass away quickly tmless a Iot of self-consciousness has been de- veloped on both sides by too much reading of well meant but exaggerated statements regarding the "problem." Don't expect G.L Joe to disoourse for hours about his ex- periences in answer to your questions. You'll get interesting information bit by bit as times goes on but he will be more anxious to catch up on things that have happened on the home place amt in the local community than he will to recall his own adventures, many of which he will want to forget as quickly as possible. Just be natural when your soldier comes home and remem- ber that a hearty welcotne an a platter full of h memade doughnuts, or some of his favorite cake, will do more to re- lieve any tension that may be present than any synthetic ef- fort to develop the "proper psychological attitude." Youth is resilient and most of these boys will adjust themselves quick- ly once they get back to the home environment and into civil- inn clothes. Minimum Female Hours Changed Mercantile establishments of North Dakot$ where women are employed will not violate state min- imum wage department regulations if they keep open later than 9 p. m on Saturday nights, according to Math Dahl, commissioner of ag- riculture and labor, who has auth- ority to temporarily modify these regulations in cases of emergency. "The war emergency has taken thousands of workers from the state which has caused a farm labor as well as other shortages of la- bor" states Mr. Dahl, "and North Dakota farmers will be inconven- ienced and will perhaps lose pre- cious hours needed fQr farm work this season if present closing reg- ulations of stoves where women are employed are not modified." Mr. Dahl therefore declares that "an emergency exists and that dur- ing the months of June, July, Au- gust, September and October, 1945. mercantile establishments in the State of North Dakota where wo- men are employed shall be permit- ted ,to employ women on all Satur- days until 11:00 p. m. M. W. T. pro- vided that in no case shall a wo- man be employed more hours per ' that a woman may be employed i0 hours in any ore day but not to ex- ceed 44 hours in any one week or more than 6 days in any one week. Overtime after 48 hours per week is provided for in this "for the dur- ation" law. INFANTS' SHOES TO BE RATIONED MAY 1 Infants' leather shoes in sizes 0 to 4 will go ort the ration list May 1. The action was taken, OPA ex- plained, to help build up cri~cically needed supplies of infants' shoes in sizes 4~ to 8 by diverting produc- tion from the smaller to larger sizes. In general, O to 4 are the sizes babies wear before they learn t walk. Largely because these very small sizes have not been rationed, demand for them has soared out of proportion to actual needs. The re- sult has been that these shoes have absorbed too much of the manpow- er and production facilities, and top much of the scarce types of leather suitable for making the much more ungently needed tod- dlers.' Any unregistered dealer who has any of these shoes in stock on May 1, 1945 must file an inventory of shoes in stock with the district O- PA office in Fargo. During the war agricultural price week or days per week than pro- supports have been used to obtain vided for by State laws, rules and needed produotion. After the war regulations." Present, for the dura- they will help stabilize agriculture tion of the war, regulations provide during the conversion to peace. The late President Roosevel% in the different quarters of the globe a speech written the night before so close together that it Is imposs- he died declared Americans were ible to isolate them one from an.- determined there should not be a third worhl war. The text of the speech, which the president was to have deliver- ed by radio last night in observ- ance of 350 Jefferson day dinners tha, oughout the nation was handed to newsmen by presidential Secre- tary Steve Early as the funeral train paused in Atlan~. The din- ners have been cancelled. Early said Mr. Roosevelt would have delivered the speech without disclosing that he was in Warm Sprirtgs. The text follows: Americans are gathered togeth- er this evening in communities all over the country to pay tribute to the living memory of Thomas Jeff- erson---one of the greatest of all democrats; and I want to make it clear tha~ I am spelling that word 'democrats' with a small 'd'. "I wish I had the power just for this evening, to be present at all of these gatherings. "In this historic year. more than ever before, we do well to consider the character of Thomas Jefferson as an Americart citizen of the world. "As minister to France, then as our first secretary of state and as our third president Jefferson was instrumental in the establishment of the United States as a vital fac- tor irt international affairs. other. '~roday we are faced with the pre-eminent fact that, if civiliza- tion is to survive, we must culti- vate the science of human relation- ships--the ability of all peoples, of all winds, to live together and work together, in the same World, at peace. "Let me assure you that my hand is the steadier for the work that is to be done, that I move more firmly into the task, knowing that Xou--millions and millions of you --are joined with me in the resolve to make this work endure. "The work, my friends, is peace, more than an end of this war---an end to the beginnings of all wars, yes, an end, forever to this im- practical unrealistic settlement of the differences between govern- ments by the mass killing of peoples. "today as we move against the terrible scourge of war--as we go forward toward the greatest con- tribution that any generation of human beings can make in this world--the contribution of lasting peace, I ask you to keep up your faith. I measure the sound, solid achievemen~ that can be made at this time by the straight-edga of your own confidence ancl your re- solve. And to you, and to all Am- ericans who dedicate themselves "It was he who first sent our with us to the making of art abid- na~ into far distant waters to de- ing peace, I say: 4end our rights. And the promulga- ~I'ne only limit to our realiza- tion of the Monroe doctrine was tion of tomorrow will be our the logical development of Jeffer- doubts o~ today. Let us move for- son's far-seeix~, foreign policy, ward with strong and active faith." '~l~clay this nation which Jef- ferson helped so greatly to build Less Farms, More is playing a tremendous part in the battle for the rights of man all over the World. Land Cultivated '~reday we are part of the vast Allied force--a force composed of fles~R and blood and steel and spirit--which is today destroying the makers of war, the breeders of hate. in Europe dad in Asia. "In Jefferson's time our navy consisted of only a handful of fri- gates-- but that tiny nevy taught nations across the Atlantic that piracy in the Mediterranean--acts of aggression against peaceful com- merce and the enslavement of their crews was one of those things which, among neighbors, simply was not done. "today we have learned in the agony of war that great power in- volves great responsibility. Today we can no more escape the conse- quence of German and Japanese ~on than could he avoid the consequences of atla~ks by the Barbary corsairs a century and a half before, * * We as Americans, do not choose to deny our responsibility. "Nor, do we intend ~ abandon our determination that, within the lives of our children sad our chil- dren's ehildre~ there will not be a third world war. "We =eek peaco---enduring peace. More than an end to war, we want an end to the beginnings of all wars--yes, an end to this brutal, inhuman and thoroughly impraetl- cal method of settling the differ- ences between governments. '~Phe once powerful, malignant Nazi state is crumbling, the Japan- ese war lords are receiving, in their ow~ home land, the retribution for which they asked when they attacked Pearl Harbor. "But the mere conquest of our enemies is not enongl~ ~e must go ort to do all in our power to conquer the doubts and the fears, the ignorance and the greed, which made this horror possi~ble. "Phomas Jefferson, himself a distinguished scientist, once spoke of the "or.otherly spirit of science, which unites into one family all its votaries of whatever grade, and however widely dispersed through- out the different quarters of the globe/ '~Poday, science has brought all The number of farms in Logan Courtly as shown by the preliminary count of returns of the 1945 census of agriculture was 976, as compared with 1,044 in 1940, and 1,134 in 1935. This was announced ~xlay by Roy T. Bakken, supervisor for the 1945 farm census in the second North Dakota census district with head- quarters at Bismarck. The total land in farms in Logan county, according to the preliminary 1945 census count was 612,037 acres, as c~mpared with 586,992 acres in 1940. and 553.383 acres in 1935. Ave- rage size of farms shown in the pre- liminary 1945 census count for Lo- gan county was 627 acres as com- pared with 562 acres in 1940, and 488 acres in 1935. In anouncing the 1945 census tb- ~farms and land in farms in county, Supervisor Bakken poin~i out that the figures a~e pre- li~nlnary and subject to correction. Final abula~ions of Logan county farm census returns will be ma~e by the bureau of the census and an~ notmced from Washington when completed, Mr. Bakken said. s ows INCREASED REGISTRA q[ONS ''More business and a smaller in- come" is the experience of the North Dakota motor vehicle de- partment for the first three months of 1945, according to Registrar B. E. Robinson. Thee department handled 142,411 registrations during January, .Feb ruary and March, 4,000 more than for the same period in 1944 ~ Re-, ceipts, however, took a drop of $1.00;000 during the same period. :~l'l~e $3 class is getting top heavy," Robinson said. "This condi- tion will not improve unlfil so~ae time after the war is over and new cars can be registered. Until that time the department can look for lower receipts even if the number of registirations are holding up." During the first three months of 1944, the department collected $I,- 205,012.21. For the same period this year colections dropped to $1,106,- 714.13. WHERE DO WE GO FROM HERE BOYS? THESE FREED FLIERS had been doing quite a bit of wislfful thinking durin~ the dreary days of imprisonment at Camp "Dulage-Lu~t," for PAlled Airmen near Wetzlar, Germany. They erected signposts indicating the cities they hoped to see. again--and soon. Here are some of them after the 7th Armored Division had brought about their liberation from the Nazi prison. U, S. Signal Corps Radiophoto. (International Soundphoto)