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The Billings County Pioneer
Beach, North Dakota
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May 10, 1945     The Billings County Pioneer
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May 10, 1945
 

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THE BILLINGS COUNTY PIONEER ~ I '11111 IIII I II ]{ I II I I IIII / / Breakfast Club Appeals II I T niIlions of Air Fanst udmncesandEvents gTo ' 2 st i 2Jm;fan e It Jr 1 ~r~ aT3 that the audience's contributions | tvlaKet'rogramolt verare what makes for the remarkable T * T -- success of the program. I increasing in[eras[ Many fans find other reasons.~ -- Some 875,000 of them applied for| By W. $. DRYDEN charter membership in the club in| ]Released by Western Newspaper Union. one week. | Radio stations and networks thE::~ SP=g~aTat fr a.n.m w~n~] throughout the country revised their ^ ~ ,~.: : | programs, cancelled outright or 60~un:rae~lSs :;;~*~;~ed~*~aw~y"a~:~;/ drastically revised all commercial =^-- "*-^ "~i stu'~i^s ~'~-" ;~'- | broadcasts, when word was re- calved of the death of President Roosevelt. Typical of programs undergoing complete revision was the Breakfast Club's broadcast on which Don McNeill, master of cere- mnony, paid tribute to the president: "One of the qualities about Mr. 0Roosevelt that I always admired," said McNeill, "was his sense of hu- crier. In the tremendous Job in Which he gave his life he needed a sense of humor for balance. In fact, if he could speak to us now, he might say/ something llke this: 'Never mind the flowery lan- guage about me -- when my time had come the Lord knew I was mot an indispensable mart, $o get back in there and finish off the job Ina hurry, and make a peace so binding, so secure that this may meyer happen again. Get back to the ~lays when you can quit worrying 'about your loved ones and when you can laugh and smile. Your face looks so much better that way.' " Radio's favorite daytime variety show, the Breakfast Club, owes its popularity to its ardent fans in ev- ery city, hamlet and nearly every farm in America. It has been adopted and considered as a part of rural America. By making an appeal to those in rural districts as well as in metropolitan areas, it proved that a morning hour vari- ety show could achieve immense popularity. Scripts have been entire- ly dispensed with and the cast de- pends on native wit rather than on gag writers. Like the program following Presi- dent Roosevelt's death, each pro- gram is created by circumstances and the audience itself. There is no monotony, for the program is ]He itself, the life as played by its many fans. They create the pro- gram, play the parts, give the ques- tions and answers, Audience's Contributions. There are other reasons for this radio program clicking. Don Me- Nel]l. the genial m.c. of the pro- gram, which /s carried over Blue broadcast originates. Tickets are now required two weeks in advance. These people come from all the states in the union. They come to see Don McNeill, who has served as master of ceremonies on more network broadcasts than any other man, woman or child in radio. He has spent more than 4,000 hours before the microphone, and still gains in popularity.~ They come to see Nancy Martin, the singing schooima'm, or song- ster Marion Mann. They come to see Sam Cowling, the heckler, or Ed Ballatine, the orchestra director, or Ray Grant's Vagabonds. They come to see Fran Allison's characterizations of genial, gossipy, gauche "Aunt Fanny," which are so realistic that Fran's mother, back in Iowa, is in a perpetual dither for fear that kinfolk might be offende~ They come to make the program, their program. Memory and inspiration time on the broadcast has reached the heartstrings of the Breakfast Club's Don MeNeill, M C. of the Break- fast club program. fans. The prayer and impromptu as- signments for D-Day will go down in rsc~o as a classic of the year. When the program was started 12 years ago, no visitors were allowed. This rule was first broken in 1937, in response to a letter from a hope- lessly tubercular marine, who wrote that seeing s performance of the club was chief among the things he wanted to do before his final hour. In 1938, the doors were thrown open to all comers. Since then half a mil- lion people have seen the pro- gram and watched the "gang" go through their paces. The program has attracted na- tional attention in its effective war work. They are given credit for hay- When the satire cut tokep the age, thia~ begla te hum ever the air. ! Hybrid H gs Pr duce Super Meat 1] Development of a super meat yteldin8 hybrid hog by the appli- cation of the same inbreeding meth- ods that produced hybrid corn is the goal of farm authorities. TiMrteen state experiment stations are cooperating in what is known as the Regional Swine Breeding laboratory, George A. Montgomery writes in Capper's Farmer. They are inbreeding some of the more popular breeds with the hope of establishing superior tyl)es. In this they are following the methods of those who developed inbred parent stock for modern hybrid corm "The hog men are little further advanced in their program than corn men were 15 or 20 years ago," Mr. Montgomer~ points out. "They have their inbreds, but the work of main in his herd: 1. Sows must be able to produce large litters of live pigs. 2. A high percentage of pigs born alive must survive to market age. 3. Pigs must gain rapidly from birth to market weight. 4. Feed re- quirements for each unit of gain must be low. 5. Body form must be such as to produce high yields of the most desirable cuts of pork. "He has succeeded in fixing the last three characteristics so some of his lines and crosses of these lines excel purebred Polands that have been tpropagated by ordinary breeding ~ethods. However, in- breeding lowers vitality and, to a lesser extent, fertility, and crossing two unrelated inbred lines of the same breed does not produce the hybrid vigor that comes when two breeds are crossed. Winters ex- New type Minnesota hybrid hog. plains that this is because the base is too narrow. "Work done at the Minnesota station with ordinary purebred boars bears out this theory. A cross .of a purebred boar of one breed with a purebred sow of an- other gave pigs that were superior to either parent breed. The cross- bred gilts, mated to a purebred boar of a third breed were still bet- ter than a two-breed cross. "If Winters' beliefs are borne out, a farmer of the future may start, for example, with sows obtained by crossing the best line of inbred Polands that come out of Minne- sota's experiments on the fastest line of Hampshlres developed at the Illinois Experiment station. These would then be bred to an Inbred Duroc boar from the line developed at the Ohio station. Gilts of that line might be mated to an inbred Berkshire, after which the producer might go to a Hampshire boar and continue thereafter the Hampshire- Poland-Duroc-Berkshire rotation. s combining them to see which ones nick has hardly started. Minnesota and Iowa, for example, have crossed inbred lines of Poland Chinas, with certain elements in the results highly eneouragfug; others distinctly disappointing. "At the Minnesota station, Dr. M. L. Winters, working with Poland Chinas, has saved only individuals that best combine five economical- lY desirable characteristics. To re- Pacific Coagt Farmers Within Irrigation Project Landowners on 1,029,000 acres in the Columbia river basin in east- ern Washington are offered irriga. ties benefits at $85 per irrigable acre, payable over 40-year period, according to plans approved by In- terior Secretary HartJld L. Ickes. Approval of the repayment plan brings a step nearer the interior de- partment's largest of 200 irrigation and multiple-purpose developments t ~ bureau. ing started the waste paper salvage drive in the United States. They fo- cused national attention on the eru. clal manpower shortage in war in- dustries--and early in the war re- ceived the government's thanks for th/s work. At one bond auction Me- Neill sold $I,I14,000 worth of war bonds at the swank Winnetka dis- trict. For this be received a treas- ury citation. M.c. Don Me eill is an honor- ary sergeant major at Fort Sheri- dan and a reserve recruiting official in the marines. He was recently awarded the degree of Doctor of Frustration by the Boswell institute. His greatest honor, however, he says, is the thousands of letters re- ceived from his fans. The host of the Breakfast Club was born in Galena, Ill December 23, 1907. That should make him 38 years old, but he insists that he is only 28. Several years later the Mc- Neill family moved to Sheboygan, Wise where Don attended high school. There is no record of any previous schooling. He gained fame in high school by winning a fiy- swatting contest. In 1925. he found his way to Milwaukee and enrolled in the college of journalism at Marquette university, where he edited the student newspaper and tooted a snazzy saxophone. His per- annul representative, Jimmy Ben- nett. says that the success of both ventures can be determined by the fact that he is no longer employed as a tooter of saxophones or a news- paper editor. In 1928 he secured a lob on a Mil- waukee radio station, announcing programs, directing programs, rid- ing gain in the control room, round. lag up guest speakers, editing the station's publicity releases and an- swering the telephone. He was paid $10 a week, which was later in- creased to $15 a week. When he re- cently signed a new five-year con- tract with the Blue Network, it was at a figure slighiy above what he was getting at Milwaukee. After receiving his Ph.B degree he decamped to Louisville, where he became one of the .Two Profes- sors, a comedy team over WHAS. In 1933 he went to Chicago, took over the not-too-well-known Pepper Pot program and developed the present Breakfast Club. Ever since Pearl Harbor, the Breakfast club calendar has been crowded with extra - curricular activities. The entire cast has aI~ peared before hospitals and camps. They have appeared at the Great Lakes training station on several occasions. When D-Day broke, Don McNeill was on the way to the studio. He cleared the way for the omission of commercials, had patriotic music played and offered up a prayer. The order was to stand by for news flashes and the prayer, which was written 15 minutes before air t/m~, outlined upon the highest living au- thority as running along this follow- ing line: We must net fail to establish the Dumbarton League of the United Nations, n~ matter what Its defects, or the limitations placed upon our program. We must do this because our first duty is to do everything pos- sible to see that w~r ca4nnot happen again. The next war would destroy civilization. No matter what we think the best answer to peace is, we must come out of this meeting with a final for- mula for international relationships. To do this we must give and take, but essentially we must make a be- ginning toward peace. WE CANNOT FAIL We have taken two or three big initial steps (Atlantic charter, Dum- barton, Livadia) and we are now ready for the next. We must suc- ceed in this one. We cannot afford ~ fail. We cannot stick it out for perfection. We must make some start, whatever it is. This is the explanation behind all recent Roosevelt - Truman inter- national policy developments as well as the official background tone and guide for the conference. In my opinion, ~ere was a time a few weeks back when the late Mr. Roosevelt and his State Secretary Stettinius may have had their doubts about going ahead. Their inability to gain their most important objectives for small nations and full democratic freedoms tmiversal]y may well have disappointed them, and at that time there was a chance this conference might have been called off. Evidently they decided in favor of the above outlined course, and since then after direct request, Brit- ain changed its mind and sent its Foreign Minister Eden and Stalin changed and sent the equally rank- ing Molotov. This conference, in az~cord- gnce with these objectives, is to be thrown wide open. It is to be a free forum for airing the causes of the little people pri- maxlly. Of~elally, Mr. Stetiinins has been saying it will last four or five weeks, but is more likely to last a couple ~f months. Discussion of everything is to be allowed. Every nation will be in- vited to say all it wishes. The Dumbarton Oaks setup is to be thrown literally upon the table, as ff to say to all: "Here it is; go to it." Any hope that such a program can be concluded in four or five weeks is therefore, concededly op- timistic. In the end, if there are "not too many changes" in the Dumbarton proposal, the conference will be judged by this government to have been a success. ALTERNATIVE TO PLAN Now some authorities may well differ with these fundamental con- clusions of the government. The alternative to Dumbarton Oaks ts not necessarily cliabs or another world war. Rather it is bl-lateral agreements or hemisphere defense or spheres of influence maintained by individual understandings and alliances and substitute courses for peace. These do not necessarily re- quire wars, or make them any more likely, titan a weak or im- practical formula for a league, containing, ss this one does, the right of big nations to veto any Interference with their own wars ---and no disarmament. It is unreasonable to say that un- less any specific endorse is followed there will be another world war, or, as the emotional extremist Mr. Wallace, to contend that anyone who is against his tariff views is "ad- vocating another world war." Russia's e~cuse for at first de- ciding to send an inferior ranking diplomat to this world conference was never made public, but it was passed privately and officially to Mr. Roosevelt and Mr. Stettinius. The Kremlin pointed out to them that Molotov was not only the for- sign minister in the Soviet setup but the second man of the Stalin government. Stalin said he could not spare Molotov from his side for so long a period just at the critical time of victory in Europe, and because his government is des- perately shorthanded on diplomats. Science Develops' Aids for Farmers Crop and Livestock Improvements Seen CONTINUED high production lev- els on American farms in 1945 should be materially aided by re- cent discoveries and developments by U. S. department of agriculture research experts. Some of the announced results of the Agricultural Research adminis- tration's program are: I. Release of 43 new improved varieties of plants; such as corn hybrids, suitable to the South. Hy- brid corn has been little used there so far, but the new variety shows promise of bigger acre yield in- crease than in the North. Hybrid onions give evidence of increasing yields per acre, as much as 20 to 50 per cent. 2. Working out of methods for con- ditioning and treating ammonium nitrate, so that it can be readily used as a high-nitrogen fertilizer. 3, Confirmation by tests with DD (dichioropropylene - dichloro- propane) of earlier reports that it is highly.effective against the rootknot nematode. 4." Development of a mechanism for dispersal of insecticidal sprays by airplane. 5. Production of new allyl com- pounds, from ordinary sugars and starches, that form clear, weather- resistant coatings for wood, paper, or metal. 6. Development of a dual-stretch method which improves the physi- Better Production all w cal properties of cord made from cotton fiber, the result of research on tire ebrd. 7. Extension of the use of pheno- thiazine as a drug for livestock. Re- search has shown that it can be safely used for calves, and that wormy sheep taking regular small "doses in their~ salt. show, improve- ment from the medication. Postwar Locker Plant Expansion Promised Model Locker Plants Increase. As a result of prewar as well as successful wartime experience of farmers who have used frozen food lockers for quick freezil~g and stor- ing of their surplus food supplies, a broad increase in construction of locker plants in farming communi- ties is expected after the war, ac- cording to the National Frozen Food Locker association. The frozen food locker industry, now operating more than two mil- lion individual storage units, serves one-fourth of America's farm fami- lies, and is making plans for fur- ther expansion. Rental of lockers, in many cases, is far below the cost for low tem- perature refrigeration installed by individual farmers. Tests have proven that the quality of meats, fruits and vegetables can be main- tained by properly regulated locker plants. Not only do locker plants serve as a storage place for the needs of the farmer, but it is possible ~or him to develop a select retail trade, selling in winter direct from his locker supply. 7ELEFACT Phones on street Cars Connect Crew, Dispatchers Two-way radio telephones are now used by 13 street-railway companies for communication be- tween the dispatcher's office and supervisory motorcars and emer- gency trucks, says Collier's. A new cb ~vice, used in conjunc- tion with such systems, au omat- ically records the exact time each streetcar passes a number of suc- cessive points spaced along its route. With it, a dispatcher can see at once when and where a particular car is behind schedule or stopped by an accident and can then radio the nearest supervisory car to make an investigation. ! delicious NEW breukfust idea @ Taste it and you'll agree. Post's Raisin Bran is a magic com- bination! Made from real Post's 44)% Bran Flakes, plus seedless raisins that stay tender, thanks to Post's exclusive Tender-Sured process. Ask your grocer for Post's Raisin Bran-today. Those Beets and Carrots-- * Remember? They Were Goodl Of course they were good--those crisp, tasty carrots and delicious beets. So good, in. fact, that you can narmy watt to plant some more. But be sure you plant Ferry's Seeds again so,you'll obtain that excel>. tional taste and flavor you enjoyed so much last year. I Your favorite dealer has a wide ranfe of Ferry's Flower and Vege- table Seeds. Have a better gar- den with Ferry's Seeds. FIRRY-MOgSI SlID CO. Derma Sl San r~unctseo ~4 ezclu Pass Up. W~ttO feda~ far eemp~ete Infer. nation. ~IURR r//I r&e supiM7 i# linsit~d. Lydia E. Plnklusm's Vegetable Com- pound is lamo~ not only to relisve pertodto ~ but az.so accompanying nervous, fired, hlghstrung feelings- z~r, en regularly--it help~ build up resistance against such symp- toms. Plnkha~'s ComPound helps 5~" r rural Follow label d~rect~ons. Try tt! Preserve Our Uberty Buy U. $. War Bonds S