Newspaper Archive of
The Billings County Pioneer
Beach, North Dakota
May 31, 1945     The Billings County Pioneer
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May 31, 1945

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IIIII Bronze Star Awarded To North Dakotan MINNEWAUKAN -- Corporal Victor M. Erickson, 24, son of Mr. and Mrs. Ed. Erickson, Brinsmade, N. D was recently awarded the Bronze Star Medal in the India Burma theatre "for exemplary work and devotion to duty" last June during the battle for Myitkyina. Erickson is a medical aid man with an Engineer Combat Battalion which left its bulldozers and other road-building equipment last year to relieve Merrill's Marauders, the famed American task force, and helped wrest Myitkyina, Burma's third largest city, from the Japs. Despite heavy enemy fire and with- out regard for his own safety, reads the citation, Erickson carried on during the bitter fighting and ad- ministered first aid to his wound- ed buddies, thus reflecting the "highest credit upon himself and the Medical Department of the United States Army." Erickson was inducted thirty-one months ago at Ft. Snelling, Minn and received his training at Camp Grant, Ill, and Camp McCoy, Wisc before going overseas where he has been sta- tioned in various parts of India and Burma for the past nineteen months. Prior to entering the ser- vice he was engaged in farming. N. D. Woma Knows Father of Quisling BOTTINEAU---A pioneer Bottin- eau County woman, Mrs. Anna A- munrdson, is one of the probable ~ew in this country who knew any of the Quislings, now in the news in Norway. Vidkun Quisling went on trail for his life as a traitor to his country for his collaboration and other notorious activies with the Nazis in Norway. Mrs. Amundsen went to the same class as Jon Quisling, father of Vid- kun. Jon was considered a very fine man and was active in Nor- wegian life and community work. She thinks Vidkun was born at Telemarken, her home town and also that of the Quislings. In spite of her 78 years, Mrs. Amundson is very active. She lives all alone in Botttneau, does her own shopping and other chores. Farmer Finds Skeleton In Field jAMESTOWN--While plowing in n field on his farm recently Morris Sund found a human skeleton, that of an adult. K. D. Chase, state's attorney, and the sheriff's office were notified. Officials went to the farm wihch is eight miles south and west of Cleve- land. The land had never been plowed before ,it is said. The matter is being investigated by the state's attorney and sheriff's office. N. Dak. Soldier Helped Raise Flag WILLISTON- Marine Private August H. Hayes, 19, of Banks, was recently awarded the Purple Heart while convalescing in a hospital ~rom wounds received in action on Iwo Jima. The marine was assist- ant automatic rifleman in the 5th marine division and while mem- bers of his outfit raised over Mount Suribachi the flag that is illustrated on the official Seventh War Loan postter, he watched for Japanese snipers. "I was looking past the flag for Japs in caves", he said. "There were sniper bullets kicking up dust, but no Japs to shoot." A lifts later approaching a 20-yard open space, he says, "as I zigozagged across it, a Jap sniper straightened me out. I fell within two feet o~ a fox hole, but couldn't move and a buddy of mine risked his neck to run across and drag me to cover." The flag which the Meg Kenzie county youth thus helped defend is now floating over the White House. Grocer's Mother Is Nazi Atrocity Victim MINOT --- Alex Pedas. proprie- tor of the Minot Food Store re- cently received a letter from his brother, Nick Saltapedas, now in Athens, Greece, that their mother, Mrs. Smaragde Saltapedas 87, was killed by German machinegun fire as aged people and children tried to escape from a church in Kartan- in, after their homes had been set on fire. The letter was mailed from the office of the royal consulate of Greece in San Francisco, apparent- ly by someone attending~the Unit- ed conference there. Killed with her was her grandson, Angelo Ksmakes, a first-cousin of George Maragos, proprietor of the Cut Rate Food market in Minot. Pedas had two cards from his brother in April, which merely said "Mother is dead." Kartania, is in ruins and only 20 per cent of its 2,000 population sur- vives. An uncle, Vasekious Zteuz- tos, a retired army major, who had taken up arms against the Germ- ans in defense of his home "city was also killed. Alex Pedas was back to his native city in 1933. He left there 34 years ago and his last letter from his mother brought Easter greetings in 1941. Fargo Lad Survives Carrier Sinking FARGO -- Irving J. aether, sea- man second class and son of Mr. and Mrs. R. W. Sether of here came through the recent sinking of the aircraft carrier Franklin, accord- ing to recent word received here. In a letter to his family, Irving re- vealed that he had lost all his per- sonal belongings on the blast- wracked ship and that he is now safe on Oahu, in the Hawaiian is, lands. aslntlon in Nsx~ Issno. 1 ~ 3 4 $ .~ 6 ~ g 9 lO 11 - i 12",t3 I$ 'J 61 34 35 ~ 36 $~ 62 64 66 67" t HORIZONTAL I A Negro people of Nigeria 4 Bone Part of flower 11 Continued story 13 A sea derm- god 15 Belonging to 16 Pqtting on a public display 18 Negative 19 You and me 21 Heavenly body 22 Prophet 24 Employed 26 Male parent of animal 28 Indian mul: berry (pU) '29 Brings up 31 Close 33 .Old pronoun 34 Marshy land covered wlth heather 28 To fall in drops Argent (abbr.) 4D A victim 42 Idles 45 To observe 47 Exclamation regret N@, 49 Woody plant 50 Sharp to the taste 52 Medicinal herb 54 Printer's measure 55 Plural ending 56 Feels regret for 59 Symbol for calcium 61 Wanderers 63 Directs 65 Saltpeter 66 Symbol for samarium 67 A worm VERTICAL 1 A volcano in Japan 2 To reject 3 Either 4 Cereal grain (pl.) 6 Thin, narrow boards 6 Agitated 7 Sea eagle 8 Hogs 9 By I0 Dreary. 12 Exists 14 Pertaining to ancient Scandinavia 17 To obtain 20 Line of juncture 23 Babylonian deity 24 City in Chaldea 25 To let fall 27 Title of nobility 30 Genus of rails 32 Unlawful outbreak 35 A setback in sickness 37 To peel 38 A flower 39 A cause 41 Eastern university 43 Enclosures 44 Compass point 46 Teutonic deity 48 Musical com- position for the voice (pl.) 51 Allowance for waste 53 A tropical African tree 57 To mistake 58 Note of scale 60 Beast of . burden 62 Six (Roman numerals) 64 Prefix; down Answer to P~zzle No. 11. ]' |orles E 14 THE BILLINGS COUNTY PIONEER An Airport for Every Town Will B, Possible if Plan Before Congress, Granting Federal Aid, Is Passed @ U. S. Funds Would Match Community's, Dollar for Dollar, in Building By Walter A. Shead WNU Staff Correspondent. Taking a page from the book of the public roads adminis- tration, the civil aeronautics administration is asking con- gress for an appropriation to provide for a billion-dollar postwar airport construction program to be allocated the states as federal grants on a fifty-fifty cost basis. In asking for this federal aid or subsidy for the development of air transportation the CAA is not with- out precedent. Declaring that we are entering "an air age of transporta- tion vital to the unified growth of the nation's commerce," it points out that the government has al- ways aided all forms of transporta- tion in their early stages. CAA estimated that it will cost approximately $1,250,000,000, spread over 5 to 10 years to carry through a national airport program ade- quate to the nation's aviation needs, including purchase of land and construction of terminal buildings. A detailed survey of the nation's airport facilities by CAA indicates that for this billion and a quarter dollar cost, 1,625 of the country's existing 3,255 airfields can be im- proved, and 3,050 new airports can be constructed for a total of 6,305 airports. Five Classes of Fields. For the basis of allocating funds to the several states, the CAA has made a study of community needs- and set up five classifications for airports necessary for communities on the basis of population and need. These five classifications are: Class l--snitable for private owner small type aircraft with two L- shaped airstrips 1,800 to 2,700 feet long, 30~ feet wide. Class 2---for larger type private owner air- craft and smafler transport planes for local and feeder service, with A-slmped airstrips 2,700 to $,700 feet long and 500 feet wide. Class S-to accommodate present day twln-en- glne transport aircraft with several landing strips 3,700 to 4,700 feet long and 500 feet wide. Classes 4 ~nd 5-- to serve the largest aircraft now in use and those planned for the im- mediate future, with multiple land- ing strips 4,100 to 5,'~00 feet long and 500 feet wide. The proposed national plan of the CA.A would provide for improvement of existing airports as follows: 303 class 1; 699 class 2; 349 class 3; 213 class 4, and 61 class 5. In addition, construction of new airports is pro- vided as follows: 2,597 of class I; I,I01 of class 2; i01 class 3; 520 class 4, and 336 class 5. According to this CAA survey of the 15,000 towns of under 5,000 popu- lation, only 1,546 now have airports, of which 313 are not now usable. The proposed program would im- prove existing ports and build 3,744 new airports in these towns for a total of 4,008. In setting up the total cost of these proposed airports, CAA did not in- elude cost of land or buildings. It does include, however, preparation of the land such as clearing, grub- bing, excavation and grading, drainage, surface conditioning and fencing, paving of runways, taxi. ways and aprons, installation of all lighting including beacons, obstrue. tion, runway and taxiway flood or contact lights; radio facilities and miscellaneous, such as approach clearing, access roads, marking and landscaping. Small Ports Get 60 Per Cent. Approximately 58 per cent of the total appropriation would be spent for new airport facilities, with 42 per cent for improvement of exist- ing airports. Funds for class 1 and 2 airports comprise 60.6 per cent of the total proposed appropriation, or approximately $155,650,623 for class 1 airports and $403,443,567 for the class 2 ports. The Class 1 airport, known popularly as an "'airpark," is designed for small private owner type planes up to 4,000 pounds gross weight. Fields of this class are designed to serve small communities, and as auxiliary airports in larger metropolitan areas. There are no paved runways, but landing strips with clear approaches must measure 1,800 to 2,700 feet long and 300 feet wide. Recreational facilities, such as parks, tennis courts and golf courses will surround the airpark ill many cases. The legislation now before con- gress for approval would provide that the state designate a single agency through which the CAA could negotiate, contract for con- struction, etc and all construction would be in charge of local sponsors on plans and specifications reviewed and approved by CAA. The plan would work in much the same manner as highway construc- tion for secondary and feeder roads. Local commumties would make are rangements with the designated state agency to take advantage of the federal grant and with the CAA dealing with the state agency. Subject to revision the proposed plans call for the following total con- struction coStS for new and im- proved airports: Alabama, $12,185,- 0{}0; Arizona, $10.935,140; Arkansas, $35,109,634; California, $56,912~500; Colorado, $12,178,000; Connecticut, $16,350,000; Delaware, $2,684,000; Florida, $23,734,630; Georgia, $9,310- 000; Idaho, $9,085,300; Illinois, $40,- 076,000; Indiana. $16,032,000; Iowa, $9,951,500; Kansas, $7,732,000; Ken- tucky, $7,865.000; Louisiana, $40,- 617,890; Maine, $19,565,000; Mary- land, $14,065.000; Massachusetts, $29,931,000; Michigan, $22,813,000; Minnesota, $11,736,000; Mississippi, $10,740,00~ ; Missouri, $18,923,000; Montana, $10,473,100. Nebraska, $7,824,000; Nevada, $4,752,100; New Hampshire, $14,934,- 000; New Jersey, $31,968,780; New Mexico $33,016,594; New York, $58,- 590,895; North Carolina, $19,776,- 000; North Dakota, $3,842,000; Ohio, $31,161,000; Oklahoma, $37,300,440; Oregon, $6,579,000; Pennsylvania, $46,667,000; Rhode Island, $6,069,- 000; South Carolina, $12,837,000; South Dakota, $4,730,500~ Tennessee, $13,142,000; Texas, $120,923,152; Utah, $12,120,790; Vermont, $12,86"7,- 000; Virginia, $23,239,000; Washing- ton, $20,155,000; West Virginia, $20,- 646,000; Wisconsin, $17,944,000; Wyo- ming, $3,472,000; total-S1,021,557,945. The civil aeronautics administra. tion in the department of commerce will furnish detailed information to any of the 6,305 cities and towns selected to become a part of this national airport network. Surveys May Start So~n. Of the total appropriation, the CAA is asking congress for a $3,000,000 appropriation to be im- mediately available for detailed plans and surveys. According to estimates of the CAA and private aeronautic agencies, such as the aeronautical chamber of commerce, 65 per cent of the people will fly The "A' shaped runway Is deslgned for Class 2 airports, serving com- munlties of 5,000 to 25,~00 population. .~It will accommodate planes weigh- ing between 4,000 and ~5,000 pounds. " airplanes or the air lines after the war. It is pointed out that even those who do not fly will utilize airport facilities as patrons of air mail, air freight and air express. Ton fniles of mail flown in the last four years has increased from 10,000,000 in 1940 to 54,000,000 in 1944. Up to 1942 approximately 4,000,000 passengers a year rode the air lines. Predictions are that this air travel will see a 10-fold Jump dur- ing the first postwar decade. In addi- t/on there will be private pilots, own- ers and renters of planes drawn from such sources as the 350,000 army and navy pilots, the present 150,000 civHlan pilots and students, the 250,000 students taking aero- nautical courses in the high ~chools each year, the 2,250,000 men trained by the armed forces in avlatlon skills other than piloting, and the almest equal number employed ha aviation factories. At the present time there are five federal aid airport bills pending in congress, three in the house of rep- resentatives and two in the senate. The senate measures, however, are identical with the house bills. In support of this federal-aid air- port legislation, Secretary of Com- merce Henry Wallace testified re- cently before the aviation sub-c0m- mittee asserting that action taken on the measures proposed would deter- mine the progress of airport de- velopment in the country for the next quarter of a century. Would Provide Employment. ."I believe," Mr~. Wallace said, "that civil aviation will be a most important factor in the post- war drive for economic expansion and full employment. Our $19,000 000,000 aircraft rQphufacturing in- dustry employing 1,700,000 workers must, like all munitions industries, undergo very drastic deflation." While In the past a considerable portion of aviation activity has been confined to the larger cities and towns, the proposals of the CAA are designed to take aviation to the country and the small rural com- munities throughout the nation. If these communities take advantage of the federal grants in aid, once they are authorized, it will bring aviation direct to the farmer at least insofar as he wishes to use air transport in the shipment of farm commodities and the use of air transport and travel in his busi- ness of operating a farm. Mer- chants in the small communities, too, will be placed on a par with his city brethren in the reveipt and shipment of freight and express, once aviation service has been brought to the small towns, as is proposed under this national net- work plan, It, however, is up to the local com- munities included in the proposed plan to take up tl~e cudgel for local sponsorship and local expenditure of 50 per cent of the funds necessary to comply with CAA plans and speci- fications. Then it apparently is up to these local sponsors to contact their .state agency designated as the proper source for collaboration with the federal agency in order to obtain the grant-in-aid as. authorized by congress. Motor Bus Lines Plan 'Air Bus' Service to Reach Small Communities It is est!mated that, even with ], From a commercial standpoint, it,90 miles per hourl in contrast to the many smaa mrports0 throughout the,would be possible to give service to,250 or more miles per hour of com- coumry, some 50,000,0O0 people will [ many small commtinities that can-,mercial air liners, but, since time not have d~rect a~r transportation not afford to maintain airports,lost going to and from distant air- To take care of these folks, several,The helicopters would make stops ~ ports would, be. eliminated, total motor bus companies hope to oper-l every 25 to 90 miles, depending l travel time would not be much ate large helicopters, " which can,on" ~e distribution of population greater in the helicopters, at least take off and land in small areas Since trips between 50 and 250 miles,for short trips. Most of the shorter Pasture Practices Increase Returns Experiments Show Value to Farmers RESEEDING of pastures, applica- tion of fertilizer and weed con- trol are three better farming prac- tices which may be expected to have a favorable effect on milk pro- duction and feed values, according to the War Food administration. Experiments carried on by USDA scientists during the last three years offer proof that increased Pastures Are Essential grazing returns result from seeding pastures to proper mixtures, giving them appropriate fertilizer treat- ment and keeping weeds down by orderly mowing. They pay off, says WFA, in an increased milk and but- terfat yield, indicat~g that cared- for pasture has a dollars and cents value just as does any cash crop such as cotton, corn or tobacco. It is pointed out that when re- turns in milk production per acre can be increased as much as $95 by reseeding pastures to suitable mix- tures and applying fertilizers, more dairymen should be making use of such practices. At Lewisburg, Tenn 12 pasture plots containing more than two acres each were seeded to various combinations of grasses and clovers, including lespedeza, white clover, hop clover, crimson clover, orchard grass and ladino clover. In most plots, the seeding was done on a pre- pared seedbed but in some plots it was sown on bluegrass sod. Manure and commercial fertilizer were used in various combinations. A plot that had been limed and fertilized was seeded to a mix. ture of orchard grass and lading clover. It produced grazing at the rate of 166 cow-days per acre, with a production of 5,996 pounds of milk per acre, containing 244 pounds of butterfat, and valued at $171. Grain was consumed at the rate of 964 pounds per acre. After $24 was deducted "for the cost of the grain, and $5 for the cost of mowing weeds and the fertilizer used, the net value of the milk was $142 per acre, the highest r~urn for any of the plots. The next highest return was furnished by a plot seeded to or- chard grass and white clover, whicb also received lime and manure. The return above feed and management COSTS was2130 per . acre ~ Bark Beetle Damage Bark beetles cause greater yearly damage to. certain types of forests than do forest fires. At present, a bark beetle outbreak is devastating the spruce forests of the Central Rocky r~ountain region. More than 250 million board feet of high value spruce timber has b~en killed dur- ing the past two years. This means that bark beetles have destroyed in this region alone enough wo~l to build more than 2,000 homes of aver- age size.