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June 14, 1945     The Billings County Pioneer
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June 14, 1945
 

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t E, . . The Billings County Pioneer VOL. XXVII. MEDORA, BILLINGS COUNTY, NORTH DAKOTA Thursday, June 14, 1945 N0. 1. RURAL HOSPITALS \ To our SURPLUS WASHINGTON Rural hospitals and health centers can look for a major share of the hundreds of mil- lions of dollars of medical eqlflp' ment to be released by the army and the navy. A policy has finally been worked out at the surplus prop- erty board to assure release of this material for public health use. first in areas that have no existing facili- tieS, second in areas which have in- : So great is the ; sufficient facilities. need of rural and small~town hos- pitals and clinics that there will be Little equipment left for replacement. This policy was achieved only aft- er a long and bitter dispute between the surplus property board and Dr. Morris Fishbein. editor of the Jour- nal of the American Medical Asso- ciation. Fishbein, in whose journal advertise the largest makers of med- ical equipment. had urged that this vast volume of surplus material not be released at once. Instead. he wanted it stored and released gradually in small quanuo ties in order not to upset the market for manufacturers of medical goods. In addition. Fishbein insisted that huge quantities of certain supplies. such as bandages. could not be used pa because they differed somewhat from accepted standard sizes. However. in a lengthy session at. the office of U. s. Surgeon General l subjects. especially the Bible. I think Thomas Parr-an, Dr. Fishbein final- . 1y “'35 W0“ over and even agreed to l completed the work to which he has serve on the overall board which will recommend on the disposal of med- ical supplies. Three types of equipment will be distributed—public health supplies. surgical and therapeutic instru- ments, and pharmaceuticals. A board of public officials and physi- cians headed 'by Dr. Parran will rec- ommend their allocation to Federal Security Chairman Paul McNutt. who will work through the surplus Property board. Actual allocation of the supplies within the states will rest with state boards to be com- posed of various federal government and state medical officials. Nate —- Federal omclals are worried lest the state boards bo- comc n weak link In the setup. They fear that, in areas of great- est need. state groups will not be anxious to aid in the equip- lllng of Negro clinics and hos. pltsls. Therefore, an cdort will be mode to work out rigid re- quirements in Washington. No building program is yet or- .|'Inged to go along with the dis- posal of medical supplies. though every effort will be made to convert army buildings into hospitals and clinics. CHURCHILL'S NEEDLING Backstage fact about the Joe Da- vies pilgrimage to London is that originally he was picked to go to Moscow for an intimate talk with Stalin. but his doctor forbade it. Davies was slated for the Moscow trip because he is the only U. S. ambassador since the United States recognized Russia who has. been welcome at the Kremlin. This we! primarily due to Joe’s book. “Mia. slot! to Moscow" and the film by the same name. which gave a sym- pathetic portrayal of Soviet prog- ress. Therefore, it was planned to have him impress on Stalin that re- cent diplomatic snarls had alienat- ed American public opinion. When Davies was unable to go to Moscow. it was decided that Harry Hopkins should do the job instead; while Davies would go to London and urge Churchill to stop needlins Russia. This latter job is considered al- most as important as the Hopkins trip to Moscow. For several White Hwoc advisers are convinced that Churchill. always critical of the Russians. delights in anything which keeps the United States and the St» vict in a state of mutual suspicion. The British diplomatic gomo for a hundred years has boon to balonco two powers off against ooch other. Therofoco U.S.-U.S.S.R. rivalry is right down Churchill’s alley. That is why Joo Davin is ompow- orod to pull no punches in telling Churchill that bolonco-of-powor noodling is not appreciated in Wuh- lt-‘i‘ o o o Omn- class. « '~ (Whoa French statesmen Bonnet and Bidoult oppoorod at tho White Houio. Procldont Truman and stofl woro so confidont tho discussion would in friendly that Truman's mtcmopt woo proporod boforo tho conference. mmoogrophod copies. with tho ink olroody dry. worst hooded out by Whito Houoo Prou Aid Ebon Ayrs- tho mlnuto Bonnot and Bidoult left. WoShinton Diges Bible Enjoys Postwar Revival of’ World Is Reawakenlng to Spiritual Values; Scriptures Source of Inspiration For Millions of Disconsolate. Interest By BAUKHAGE News Analyst and Commentator. WNU Service. Union Trust Building, Washington. D. 0. Last week I sat down to write a piece about a marvwho wrote a book about the Bible. I thought the book and its creator Were worth more than casual comment because of the nature of both creation and creator. Both are unique. But before I had V made more than a dozen inquiries in search of colateral material for my article I discovered that the produc- tion of the book was news in another sense. I found it to be more than another contributiOn to modern lit- erature and scholarship. I found it to be part of a modern phenomenon —a phase of what appears to the greatest revival of interest in the Bible which the world has ever seen. George Stimson. who wrote "A Book About the Bible." is one of Washington's newsmen whose name is known to many readers of his dis- tches and his column. especially in the Middle West and South. He is known to a smaller circle for the profundity of his knowledge on many it more than coincidence that be given a lifetime of study and devo- tion this year. He may have guessed that this period in the world's his- tory which has witnessed the great- est brutalizstion of humankind would naturally be followed by a strong reaction toward things. of the spirit. In any case the arrival of this "Book About the Bible" could not be more timely. Lloyd Douglas. author of that gripping work. “The Robe." informed me last month that the American Bible Society has re- ceived the largest order for scrip. tures in its 129 years of history. and that the distribution of Bibles. New Testaments and Bible portions by this nonprofit organization has reached the highest level since it was founded in 1810. This biggest single order was for 350.000 Protestant scriptures (includ- ing military missals and prayer books) for the European theater of operations and in addition 500 Ger- man Bibles. 120.000 testaments and 95,000 "portions" for use With Ger- man war prisoners and interned ci- vilians. Right here in the nation’s capital. Dr. Darby, District of Columbia sec- retary of the same society. tells me that this was the busiest year in the chapter's history. War’ 3 Brutalifico Bring Reaction So much for the situation to date. Why is it predicted that this great revival of interest in the holy writ in this country is only the beginning of a movement of world-wide magni- tude. First. there is the obvious suggestion already mentioned that it is logical to expect a reaction toward, things of the spirit after these years of brutal warfare. However, there is another answer which is given by many thought- ful people They say this: feat of nazi-fascism was the defeat of an idea as well as a military pow- er. That idea based on a purely material concept was opposed and overcome by the western nations whose philosophy of government as well as of morals and ethics is based on the Christian religion. This triumph of the Christian- demacratic ideal has affected dif~ ferent people .for different reasons but with the same general result. To many who yielded to the lure of nazi- fascism its failure revealed its fun domcntal error. Their alluring idol showad its feet of clay and they are turning rcpentingly hock to its 0 posits. Christianity. 9To many who have been but pol- olvo followers of the Christion tench- ings. the terrible price tho world has paid in blood has been a harsh ro- mindcr of their delinquencies. They ban a roncwcd soul in their faith. To those. of course. who hovo out. fend or are boron. comfpflofllm.‘ ' 1 tom otionoftholcflrmos V. , flame” fl hib’ p “12:! “out: another uplan- otlon of this dooiro to ronow and ro- lnforco tholr communion with in word of God. If I may vonm into tho roolm of tho metaphysics! lot mo quoto from on anonymous Irticlo in o pomphlot ontitlod "Lot Froodoln hing.” (also o product of tho Amor- lcon Biblo socioty). 'l‘h’o author stoteo that Somuoi Smith. author of our patriotic hymn “America.” put only one major idea in his verses. “It is God that is the ‘author of - liberty'." this article continues. “Liberty does not have its origin in man. God has implanted it in man's breast. Perhaps this is the reason that. more than all others in the op- pressed lands. the churches have stood up before tyranny and rebuked it . . . perhaps this is the reason urgent requests are coming from the liberated lands for the Book or which they have been deprived. . . . Chris- tians all over Europe are again studying the Bible to learn afresh its lessons. . . ." Whether for these or still other reasons of which we are unaware. we know that a tremendous renais- sance of interest in the Bible is sweeping the world. And so it is the good fortune of the Bible lover. whether he be an erudite scholar or a simple and dc- voted reader spelling out the texts as he goes along. that George Stim- son completed hls helpful, interest- ing. searching and authentic "Book About the Bible" in this particular year of our Lord. “The purpose of the author in writ- ing this book." says Stimson in his brief introduction. “is to supply rc- liablc and adequate ons'wcrs to a great number of popular questions asked about the Bible.” And that is what he does. Take the first one: when was Jesus born? and the last one: does “mile” occur in the Bible? Or. how old are the oldest Bible manuscripts? And that brings us to the inquiry. who is this man Stimson. anyhow? He is a man of about fifty, born on an Iowa farm and is still a keen lover of the soil. He worked on his college (Valparaiso. Ind.) paper and then on small town papers. came to Washington to help edit the “Path- finder” and was on its staff for 10 years. He is the author of four suc- cessful volumes of popular infor- mation. and still syndicates a unique and colorful column called "You'd Be Surpris ." I wish I could take you into George Stimson's little office in the National Press building in Washington and see him toiling at his old-fashioned roll-top desk. You will probably find him poking at his ancient typevirlter with two fingers or running them through his healthy mane of brown hair while he cogitates. You might find as a call- er the speaker of the house of rep- resentatives. some foreign diplomat, a distracted correspondent or some poor. ambitious girl or boy seeking advice on a career. In any case you would be welcomed with a smile and the chances are you would not leave without some aid and comfort. moral or material. Intrigued by Bible Through Lifo Of course I asked George how he happened to write “A Book About the Bible.” “Because,” he said wifli no hesitation. “I wanted answers to those questions myself.” The first Bible Stimson ever owned he got from a mail order house when he was 15. It was his second "own" book. The first was “Pilgrim's Progress." He read them both. by s kerosene lamp. stretched out on his stomach on the kitchen table. Then he began to ask questions— questions—questioan his Sunday school teacher. of the preacher. of anyone who would listen. How did Poul look? What about Josuo' brothers? What became of tho loot tribes of Israel? and many others which thousands of readers of tho Bible have asked before and sinco. The onswors wasn't so otsisfoctory to the young inquisitcr and so ho kept on coking. And reading. and clipping and scorching and ro- ooorching. . Nor did no can to «amino tho source at his curiosity'I-Io has rood And now. ho givos tho world an answers to tho questions ho blmulf bogon asking book thou in tho little country church. giving than to tho world simply. authoritatively and complotoly. at o moment when tho Book which to roots widon rood timononyothorovcrprhxtodlsbo- lag road moi-o widoly than over. by s yearning. asking World. l l l l SUGAR! Press Conservation Declaring that the present sugar shortage had been aggravated by i1- legal use of supplies originally ob- tained for home canning, the CPA took steps to tighten allocations for such purposes and prevent further drainage of shrinking stocks. In addition to having special in- vestigators check into the diversion of home canning sugar into bootleg liquor or illicit bottling. OPA an- nounced that pledges must now be signed assuring that use of home canning rations will not be used for other purposes and reports made lat- er as to food put up; district offices will suspend allocations until fruits and vegetables become available for preservation. and review all appli- cations so as to spread supplies over coming months. Partly because of over-issuance of sugar for food preservation last year. OPA said. average table ra- tions have been cut 37 per cent and housewives’ allocations for home canning have been trimmed 40 per cent. In addition. the short sugar stocks have resulted in a squeeze on bakers and industrial users, with further reductions in their allot- ments threatening to seriously ham- per continued operations. CONGRESS : Fistic Debate Well in the tradition of the good old days when the U. S. took its poli~ tics hot and heavy. Reps. John Taber (N. Y.) and Clar- ence Cannon (Mo) and fistic engage- ment of the present session following heated debate over the proposed tax free $2,500 a year expense account for congressmen in ad- ._ dition to their $10.- 000 salaries. Previously. Reps. JohnRankin (Miss.) and Frank Hook (Mich) went to it hammers and tongs on the floor of the house after Hook had called Rankin a “liar.” A c c o r d l n g to husky. white-haired Taber's story. ho had called upon Cannon at the late ter's request. only to move to leavo the room when the latter became abusive over remarks ho had made during the course of debate on the proposed expense account. Return. ing when Cannon asked him if he was running away. Taber said ho stopped a left or a right to the up- per Iip, and then pinned his oppoo nent to a couch until be cooled down. Claiming on his own account that Taber had hied it to his office when the going got hot. the slight-of-build Cannon declared that the fracas re- sulted from Taber's insulting rc- marks on the floor of the house. APPAREL : Pinch to Persist With military requirements at a high level and labor short bec‘huse of the attraction of workers to high- er paying industries. textiles will re- main in tight supply through 1945. the War Production board revealed. Declaring that o substantial amount of clothing materials will bo needed to provide a continuous flow of apparel for adaptability to the varying climatic conditions of tho Pacific. WPB said the military will take 85 per cent of the cotton duck supply in July-August-September. along with 20 per cent of carded and 50 per cent of combed goods. In addition. WPB said. the mili- tary will take 00 per cent of tho supply of wool woven goods during tho same period. and virtually all worstcds. along with substantial stocks of knit goods. As a result. it may be necessary to restrict civil- ian sales of heavy underwear to such outdoor workers as loggers and farmers. CATTLE : For Europe In o program dosigned to rcplsco l por cont of tho 5.000.000 council dootroyod during the war in Grooco. Albonlo. Yugoslavia. Czechoslovakia and Poland. UNRRA (United No- tions Rollo! and Rehabilitation od- mbuurotico) will ship about 50,000 dairy and draft animals to thou mum in tho not! 10 months. With funds for tho proioct to como tom UNRBA. about holf of tho stockwillcomofromtboll.s.ood tho romolndor from other notion: in tho Wootorn homilphoro. m U. 8. subscribes to two-thirds of UNRRA’I cost. Bocouu of her oxtromo nood. Grooco will mom tho first ship- mcnt d 800 dairy heifers and N0 draft animals. it was announcod. In addition. anchor coo bred holforo and son mom no scheduled for con- ly dollvory to Yugoolovlo. Reps. Taber and Cannon engaged in the sect Western Now-pop" Union’s nowo nnolyo y WEEKLY mews ANALYSIS Fire Bombs Raze Jap Cities; Unemployment Expected to Rise Soon as War Production Tapers : Released by Western Newspaper Union. (EDITOR’S NOTE: When opinions on on r Bottle-weary. sixth dlvislon marines recline behind protecting wall near Nah. after bitter fight for. city on Okinawa. PACIFIC : Cities Bum One by one. Japan's great indus- trial centers are being razed by huge fleets of Flying Superfortresses, with the firing of Osaka and Yokohama cutting further into the enemy's po- tential to produce weapons needed for the expanding Pacific front. Considered the Orient's greatest industrial center. Osaka smouldered after heavy Super-Fort strikes at its iron. steel. copper. cotton, hemp and wire plants. J apan’s second biggest port, Yoko- hama was left in flames by hundreds of 3.295, with strong winds helping to spread the destruction block by block. Approximately 80,000 houses were said to have been wiped out after the first assault, leaving 250.000 homeless, and communication and transportation lines disrupted. In.explolnlng strategy In loy- lng down the greatest number of bombs in the shortest time over Japanese targets, 21st Bomber Commander Curtis Lo May dc- clorcd: “If you lay them down like that the city burns down. If you don’t. they put it out.” With B~29s raising havoc with Jap- anese industrial centers. the enemy continued to chiefly center his aerial opposition against American naval vessels in the Ryukyus, with Kami- kaze (suicide) pilots continuing to score hits on light units. Indicative of the ferocity of the Japanese at- tacks. the navy reported the great- est casualty toll in all the Pacific fighting off of Okinawa. On land. U. S. forces herded the enemy onto the southern corner of Okinawa following the collapse of his Shuri line after some of the bitterest ground fighting in the war. with troops compelled to dig the Jap: from deep cavepositlons in rugged terrain. UNEMPLOYMENT: To R138 “ With another large "stepdown" in military orders anticipated. War Production Board Chairman J. A. Krug predicted 4.800.000 persons will no longer be needed for war produc- tion six months from now and un- employment can be expected to reach 1.300.000 by then. During the next three months alone. Krug said. an estimated 2,900,. 000 war workers will be released, with unemployment jumping 1.100.- 000 from the present level of 800.000 "to 1,900,000. Because of withdraw. pic from the labor force and the reemployment of 4.100.000 persons by the rapidly expanding civilian economy, however. the total of un. employed will drop about 000,000 I half year from now. Though unemployment promises to mount in comparison with present conditions. such low-paying indus- tries as lumber and textiles moy ex- perience difficulty obtaining work- ers. Krug said. ngo incronm within the bounds of stabilization pol- icy would probably help romody such I situation. Krug indie-toll. Shipyard Problem In tho taco of rising layoffs in war production industries. West coast shipyards no oxporioncingvn short» ogcofholp sto time whonthodo- mood for ropclrs is incrooslng as a result of tho domogo to. U. I. voo- sols in tho quickonod Pacific novol warfaro. Twenty thousand workoro bolow their labor ceilings. throo Woot oooot shipyards lost an ovorogo of m ‘ omployooo loot month. In on snort to oolvo tho problem. soloctlvo corv- lco announced blanket dot-menu for such skilled help as electricians. sheet metal workers and machinists. and the War Manpower commission gave the yards No. 1 priority in hir- ing. Transportation and housing also were guaranteed East coast workers desiring to shift to the west. As an example of the critical by but shortage in the West coast yards. the famed aircraft carrier Franklin had to be hauled all the way to the Brooklyn navy yard for repairs. NEAR EAST: Oil Oasu Behind all the trouble in the Near East lies the specter of oil—the great natural resource indispensable to a modern machine economy. While fighting flared in Syria. the French charged that what appeared to be a mixup between them and the natives really was an incident cooked up by British agents to loop. ordize the French pipeline carrying oil across the embattled country from the Mosul fields in Iraq. At the same time, French com- mentators sharply pointed out that any Arab uprising in Syria could very well lead to similar disturb ances throughout the whole Arabic bloc of states. where both Britain and the U. S. have substantial oil concessions. Oddly located nearby the Suez ca- nal. providing Britain with a con- venient gateway to her oriental ems pire, the Arabic states ""are said to possess oil deposits the equal of those in the U. S.. with the English holding 40 per cent of all conces- sions in the area and America (I) per cent. U. 8. interest in the near cost- cm oil situation was pointed up . by the government’s proposal to erect a $150,000,000 pipeline across Arabic and join in 1 port- ncrohlp with tho Arabian-Amor- lcon Oil company and Gulf Ex- ploration company for its open- tlou. Shelvcd in the face of bit- ter opposition. the plan coiled for the private companies creation of a billion barrel petroleum pool for the army and navy. and rcpoymcnt for the pipeline over I 25-yea- period. Oil also prominently figures in re- lations between the U. S. and Britain and Russia. what with the Arabic states situated virtually at the Reds’ back door and Moscow having al- ready put in a bid for development of the Persian fields. mono olizcd b the English. p EUROPE : .1 Displaced Persons One of the most difficult of pooh, war problem in Europe. the return. of displaced national: to their homo- lsnd has become even hordor with tho reluctance of many to loan the Anglo-Amoricon occupied sons of Germany. it was revealed. Though some $0.000 Polo: no showing tho greatest antipathy to bo- lng cont out. Latvian: and Lithu- onlons also or. not «got to return. Even substantial numboro of tho 1.500.000 Russians in tho Amoricon oooo «depot will: to ho ropotrlotod. but though the can: no- tional: cannot be forced to go‘qu thoir 'wlohoo. adamant HIM at Yllto mokos the return of tho Russians com . mold“ tho notional- stationed Ibovo. thoro still are 1.800.000 lunch in tho {La-British smolong with no. Italians. snow Bol- giono. Dutch. 1”.” slut. n.“ thl. 10.900 m 10.000 Donn. 10.000 Norwegians and foam from Luxembourb used in thou columns. they on those of and not nocoonrlly of this now-pooch):