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The Billings County Pioneer
Beach, North Dakota
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June 21, 1945     The Billings County Pioneer
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June 21, 1945
 

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I I I| i i ~ Ii- ~ i I,Santte d Line l MeClure News~aver Syndicate. l t, i i l .3 HARRY shoved through the p~IG Bill Tilden opened up an inter, crowded streetcar and got off z.a. eating angle on the matter ol concentration recently in a long dis. just a block from the Recorder s of- suasion we had upon this important rice. A lady shopper's bag, full of topic. It was Tilden's idea that ten- hard objects, caught him in the side lain called for more concentration as he squirmed through the mob on ithan golf or any other sport, for this the platform. He grimaced and proceeded across .reason: the street. There was always some- i "In golf you play the game stroke thing about Washington, he thought. ~by stroke. You know where your tee Lucky if nothing worse happened to 'shot should go -- you. Then he remembered, on the :and then there's the verge of lapsing into the old bitter igreen. But in tennis iyou have to map thinking. "Peg!" he said aloud, and her name rang a bell in his heart. out your tactics Of course everything was different ~or strategy several now. strokes ahead. You When he reached the building, he iHE Released by Western Newspaper Union. and the food needed to feed us. The back log of French investments in America has gone into our war ex- penditures. We now have noth- ing with which to pay for imports." BILLINGS COUNTY PIONEER ,o I Looking at of how the army and navy are burn- and "stupendous" the key s o ) ing up Japan's main cities, block by the movies, likes nothing better than block, may now be revealed at least giving the fans their money's worth. I in part. Where the stage supplies a line of [ Th -*^o" ^----'-~- tions to 20 girls in a musical, the movies | e two gre=~co. ~v,-- . .2~0 ~DleSS era) glee us u. ~ucn the burton of Ja an are the B-29 g ~a art proaigaziw pays o~ and always nas. I and a new, o.~ ~U.Ut ~WI/~b lll~ot~ " m~ ~ ~ 4. ~ ,i. | ous fire-bomb known as the "goop ~naFs one reason ammos uothings I bomb." Just how the "goop bomb"in a big way. . ,~ome ox me boys recenuy sat got its name isn t known. However | ,^-.=~.~^ ,~-~ o ~a down and ngurea maz me tans WhO / it s the most t~,~,= u.~ op - j ^-~.~ ~^ ^s ~+o ~re*pay to see ~Tea ~ac~urray or | er in the wu u. ~-= ~ o 0~ . . Be~e yaws m a pmt~xe would De ls an oily mush developed by petro- ~ ~ | ~wice as eager to ! leum chemists. This makes the con- iwork to get your opponent into a ear- fain spot where he can't make a re- turn. ~%is may call for many strokes, ~here and there. In Bill Tilden tennis you have extended concentra- tion. In golf and baseball it is more limited. It is usually only the next play," Greasy Neale, coach of the Phila- delphia Eagles, disagreed with this, as far as football goes. "In football," Greasy said, "'we ~requently run two or three plays to set up the third or fourth play. This, of courrse, is up to the quarter- back, or whoever is running the team." "'I know," Tilden said, "but in football you have 11 men to figure with. In tennis you are all alone. Just as you are in a boxing match where it is man against man--not team against team. I still say that tennis, for the individual, calls for more concentration than any other single sport." At this point I recalled a story that Ty Cobb had told me. As a rule baseball is played hit by hit or run by run. The main part of baseball's concentration is on the next play--. the pitcher, the man at bat or the defense. But Ty Cobb once told me of three games he had won against the Yankees in the old days--three plays he had planned over two months ahead. "All I worked on," Ty said, "was the right opening. You have to wait for that. I just happened to spot cer- tain weak spots in their defense-- and when the right ti~e came it was a push over. But I still had to re- member what these weak spots were over a period of two months." This is what I call the peak of ex- tended concentration. But there were never many Ty Cobbs hanging uround. Mind on the Game Few people connected with sport, and this includes both coaches and players, quite get the point on con- centration. Concentration happens to be the ability of thinking of the right thing at the right time. "Do you know," Tommy Armour once asked me, "that not one man in a hundred can concentrate for more than a minute at a time?" I checked later, and found this was true. I mean full concentration. , The co-called human brain isn't equipped any other way. It only op- erates in spots or spells. For ex- ample, Jack Dempsoy could cancan- trata against a big, slow-moving heavyweight. But Jack was never so hot against a fast boxer such as Tunney, Gibbons or Grab. Concentration is the most impor- taut single word in sport--but few even know what the word really means. Knute Roekno used to tell me-.- 'q want my teams physically ~. iaxed---but mentally keen." The a~- gle here is that teams mentally keen are physically relaxed. For the bruin or the mind or whatever it ia dominates the muscular system. It is from the brain that the mesnge comes. Certainly the subconscious mind phtFs its part. But it Is the acting, conscious kind tiutt plays st much larger part. Hurry-up Yost once told me that he would rather coach an Army team at West Point than any other squad. "Why?" I asked him. "Because," Yost said. "each member of that Army squad was listening to every word I said. This squad was trained in discipline. At Michigan and other places I found no such response." Ask the average golf instructor. He will tell you that 80 per cent of his pupils never concentrate on any lesson. They can't even remember what they were told to do. Who have been the great concentrators ,in sport? Big Bill Tilden was one. So was Bobby Jones. So was Walter Hagen. So was Rogers Hornsby. So was Ty Cobb, possibly the greatest of them all. So was Harry Grab. And so is Byron Nelson. Victory by Putting During the recent Nelson-Snead golf match for wounded servicemen, we ran across numerous instructors and asked for any tlps they might have to offer the unwary swinger trying to break a 90 or an 85. And here were the main suggestions: l. On the long approach putt, first decide on the speed of the green-- far4, slow or normal, L Get what you thlnk is the line. 3. New eencentrate eatlrely on the ban. peered through the heavy lenses of his glasses at the lettering over the lintel The myopia that had put him in 4-F made it difficult to distinguish the words, but finally he read: "Dis- trict of Columbia." Harry pushed open the door and went in. He was thinking: Well. it won't be the same old queue here, because the papers say this busi- ness isn't rushing. When he saw the sign his mind raced back over the year he'd been in the Capital. One word was responsible. "Recorder's Office: Follow the Line of Arrows," the poster said. That word "line"l It seemed as ff it .had haunted him ever since he'd come to a Government Bureau. His life had been bounded and hounded by lines from the time he'd stepped off the train at Union Sta- tion. Right then and there it had begun. He'd gone to the baggage room for his luggage-and waited his turn for an hour. "Sorry, it isn't here," the clerk had told him finally. He'd gone back three times--and always stood interminably--before he retrieved it. Each little bit of daily routine was slow and difficult. You were held up everywhere. He'd heard the city was appalling, but he hadn't believed it was as bad as aH that--until he'd lived, if that was the word, through six months of it. You came to your job half- whipped. And then. if you worked for the Administration but he'd promised Peg he wouldn't think that way any more. Again her name made his heart ping. Peg had lifted him out of it all. Just over a month ago he'd been ready to leave, to shake off the whole sickening business. There was the time he'd stood for a solid hour and a half before his favorite res- taurant, waiting to treat himself to his once-a-month steak in the swanky Brillon cafe. He'd been famished and almost drooling in anticipation when the head waiter beckoned. "One. sir? This way, sir." When Harry gave his order ~vhat he heard was, "Steak. sir? No steaks, sir. Sold out. Now. the cheese souffle " What was worse, he was pursued even to the office. Harry soon dis- covered that here; too, there were lines . . . imperceptible . . . of red tape and protocol and frustration. You tried to push an important piece of work--and you ran into invisible barbed wire that stretched every- where and you couldn't find your way out of the maze. Then, oddly, it was red tape that had brought him and Peg together, just when he had been planning to quit. "Mr. Herbert?' She was very businesslike--a brisk little figure in a simple attractive brown linen dress--when she first stood before him. Harry looked up--and imme- diately was enchanted. "Yes, I'm Herbert," he admitted "What can I do for you?" "I'm O'Brlen, from Procurement, Mr. Herbert." She waved a sheaf of papers and her tone was sharp. "Do you realize that this agency requires five copies of authorizations and you've prepared only four?" "And so the war effort will bog down, eh?" "Mr. Herbert, for your informa- tion. documents prepared here must follow a certain line. You must adhere to it." The word "line" did it. "Sit down Miss O'Brien." he said earnestly then. And in no time at all. because her sympathy was as Irish as her name she'd been won over. She said imptr]sively, "I'm an old- timer. I think I can help you, if you like." He hadn't known, of course, what was to come, the love that would grow between them. but he'd reached in his des!< when she'd gone and. taking out the resignation he had written, carefully" destroyed it. Following the arrows. Harry rounded the last corner. This would be it! He didn't feel a bit nervous. He and Peg had laughed when they read about weddings dropping off in Washington. ""It's one place you won't have to stand in line." she said, "because it says ncre that for months the Mar- riage License Bureau hasn't had enough to keep it busy." A guard's heavy hand came down on Harry's shoulder. "Just a min- ute buddy," he said, "fall in line over there, if you want a license." 'Why, why," Harry stuttered, blinking at all the people ahead of him. "I thought " "Yeah. I know," the man said pa. tientl~ "but this is June, buddy." What was true of France was largely true of other European na- tions involved in that war. England, France, Germany, Holland. Bel- gium had largely financed our American industry, our transporta- tion and the development of our na- tural resources. Throughout our history we had been a debtor na- tion, paying interest to foreign coun- tries on their investment in our plants and tools. In turn they had spent that interest in buying our products, especially those of the farm. During the war we had bought up those foreign investments in our American enterprises. We were no longer a debtor but had become a creditor nation. Our lob was that of loaning rather than borrowing. Over her many years as a credi- tor nation, England had made for- sign financing a means of provid- ing markets for her home factories, ships and financial institutions. With that back log of foreign investments gone England, like France, turned to a more intensive home produc- tion, or to her far-flung empire for her necessities. Canada and Aus- tralia replaced the United States as the producers of England's bread and meat. The result was a reduc- tion in our agricultural exports to a mere trickle of what they had been previous to that First World war. As a creditor nation, we were as helpless as babes in the wood. We were affluent and met all re- quests for financial assistance with a prodigal hand. There were two things on which we failed in the "know how." One was how to in- sure the repayment of those loans. and the other was how to make of them a foundation on which to build American markets. We passed out the cash instead of extending credits to apply against purchases made in the United States. Our financial institutions sold to the American people many hun- dreds of millions of dollars of for- eign bonds with no security other than a worthless promise to pay. We did not have the "know how" needed to succeed as a creditor na- tion. In the end we accepted our loss, closed our vaults by the pas- sage of the Johnston act, and called it a day. With World War II ended in Europe and drawing to a close in Japan, America is still a creditor nation, practically the only one. H the world is put back on its feet we, very largely, must provide the fl- nantes for the lob. The do- ing of it calls for more practi- cal, hard-headed realism than we displayed following World War ! ff we are not again to be left holding the bag. We have been long on the "know how" of production but woefully weak on the "know how" of cofieetion and the securing of market ad- v&ntnge or protection. We need a bit of, one or both. English or Dutch brains for such a Job. Our type of prodigality will not alone secure desired results for either ourselves or the world in gen- eral. It would but kill the goose that lays the golden eggs. OLD GLORY LIVES AND SPEAKS FOR U. S. I SAT ON THE PORCH of my home visiting with a friend. On a staff rising from the lawn Old Glory was flying. "The most beautiful, inanimate object l know," said my caller, pointing to the flag. I could not agree wi~ all of that statement. Old Glory is not inanimate. It lives. It is articulate. At that moment it was expressing the sorrow of a na- tion; With that it was uttering words of encouragement, of hope and promise, as it has done through- out our national history. The Amer- ican needs no translation of those messages. They are definite and understandable. So long as we re- main a nation of free men, a Re- public composed of sovereign states. Old Glory will speak to us and for us. It could not speak for the subject slaves of a tyrant or dlc. tator. / AMERICA CANNOT DISRE- GARD Russia as a, power in the postwar world, but Russia must, and I believe will, do some of ~e "giving" as well as "taking" to make the postwar world satisfac- tory to all of the Allied nations. The United States and England need not be dominated by the Bear's ideas for the building of a lasting peace. Russia is seeking peace quite as much as other nations, and will not press her demands to a breaking point. Marshall Stalin is a shrewd statesman, but not implacable. tents of the bombs stick in gluelike gobs to anything it hits, making it almost impossible for Japanese fire- righters to scrape it loose. However, what really 'made the bomb the most terrible in the world was experiments car- rled out by some of Henry Kai- ser's West coast scientists. They found Kaiser had a surplus of fast burning, wMte-hot magne- slum production on his hands, and they also knew one of the greatest difficulties in making magnesium is Its high explosive content, So they experimented with mixing magnesium dust in the oil of the bomb. This magnesium dust lights up in a searing blaze as soon as it comes in contact with air. Result is the hottest fire ever known. Most important effect of the "goop bomb" is that no known fire-fighting equipment can douse its flames. Wa- ter only adds to the blaze; as do any of the other specialized fire. fighting chemicals. All the gaps do now against the "goop bomb" is to try to confine the area in which it burns, not put it out. This is one reason for increas- tug optimism about an early end of the Jap war. CONTINUED CENSORSHIP With the European war over, ev- eryone expected press censorship to ease up. In some respects, how- ever. especially in the Pacific, it is getting tougher. Not only are newspapers barred from even speculating regarding certain international phases of the Pacific war, but the navy for some weird reason hushed up the bombing of the airplane carrier Franklin from April 26. when she got to New York, to May 17, when the dis- aster finally was announced. There were obvious reasons for keeping the news quiet while the ship was en route through the Panama canal. But once it passed the canal and was safely tied up in New York, all danger was past, however, the navy still invoked censorship. AMERICA'S NO. ONE HEEL Former OPA Administrator Leon Henderson is a sad man these days. Every time he picks up the news- papers, he reads story after story telling how Washington has given some mamffacturer permission to produce again. Henderson recalls how he gained the reputation of being "America's No. 1 heel," by cutting down the American civilian consumption to al- most zero. "If I could only change all that," moans Henderson. "If the President would only give me a job for one week--just one short week -in which I could g~ve the people back some of the things I took away from them. Then folks wouldn't think I'm such a bad guy after all." DIPLOMATIC CHAFF ~. South Africa's prime minister Jan Christian Smuts seldom speaks but when be doe~, every one listens. Jan Masaryk, Czechoslovakla'e foreign minister, has been the most effective go-between in conciliating Russian-western differences. Sen. Glenn Taylor of Idaho has "used only five gallons of gas since arriving in Washington---an example which could be emulated by a lot of other bigwigs. ~. Secret service is on the trail of a counterfeiting ring which has clr- eulated Imndreds of thousands of spurious one dollar bills They all beat the same serial number, are considered one of the cleverest jobs recently pulled. One reason General Eisenhower and his staff have been so upset about congressmen visiting the bat- tla zones is that when the Germans counterattacked last December, the Nazis sent a powerful paratroop force to take the little town of Cernay. Had they landed one week earlier to the hour, they would have captured the entire house military affairs committee delega- tion then in France. Correspondents refer to Secretary of State Stettinius as "Junior." Wives of some conference dele- gates are having a field day buying clothes One woman marched into the hat section of a department store, grabbed qp 40 chapeaux wit- out even trying them all on. The navy department has done a bang up Job convincing delegates of America's military might The navy takes delegates on blimp rides, boat rides, and airplane tours .of West coast navy installations show- ing them America's striking power first hand. see their favor- ites it said favor- ites were to do two roles in the same film instead of the customary single stint. Two for the price of one is the bait held out these days. Imagine how the bobby- GeneKelly soxers would queue up if a marquee were to read: "Tonight: 2t--Frank Sinatras--2"l The dual role (one star playing two parts in the same movie) is back in vogue with a bang. Actors are delighted---and why not?--since this means twice as many closeups. But camera men and technicians are cummin' right out loud, for mak- , ing a pair of actors sprout where there should be one is a tricky and tedious job. It was bad enough in days of silent movies to match such action, but with dialogue the prob- lem takes on the tone of a Russian trying to translate a speech done in Chinese. it'd an Epidemic Over at Mutual, Fred MacMurray is playing twin brothers in the com- edy "Pardon My Past," on which Leslie Fenton serves as both pro- ducer and director. This comedy has Fred playing two distinct charac- ters, one comedy, the other a heavy. When I asked Fred how he liked be- ing a split personality he quipped back at me with: "Don't forget, Hedda, it isn't every man who gets a chance to shake hands with him- self. And it isn't every man who gets the chance of being his own ri- val for the affections of pretty Mar- guerite Chapman." Over at Warners', Bette Davis is having herself an emotional daisy day as two girls--on~ good, t'other bad--in "A Stolen Life." Bette's a triple-threat gal on this. She's also producing it. Bette about creates herself to pieces when she plays t~ single role, so you can imagine what this is doing to her. Cornel Wilde of "A Song to Re. member" is also hitting the dual role trail in "A Thousand and One Nights," a technicolor extravaganza of old Bagdad. AI Green, director, had his hands full on this one, for not only does Cornel do a dual stint but Dennis Hoey works in double exposure throughout the story, im- personating an eastern potentate and his wicked twin brother, Hajji. Ray Rennahan, camera man, told me he went berserk trying to keep the characters straight on the film. In "Seared Stiff," which comes from Pine-Thomas, Lneian Little. field also plays two parts, eccentric twin brothers, who get mixed up in the theft of a Jewel-studded chess set, of all things! Danny Kaye in "Wonder Man" plays identical twins, too. The Hard Way On the stage a few plays have had a star play two separate and distinct parts in the same show. This causes the actor or actress to make quick costume changes just off the stage and switch wigs as quickly as possible. But~ it really takes a movie camera to present anything as boisterous and blatant as Betty Hutton singing a duet with herself in "Here Come the Waves" or Gene Kelly's startling alter ego routine in which he serves as his own dancing partner in "Cover Girl." The dual role, however, is as old as the moving picture itself. 'Way back in the days of short-reelers technicians discovered how to make half a film, take a scene, then wind back and expose the other half which had remained unexposed. Crude double exposure was thus eh- tained, but it was a far cry from such smooth achievements as hav- ing Fred MacMurray hand himself a letter in "Pardon My Past" or Cornel Wilde's duel with himself in "A Thousand and One Nights." The stars enjoy the glory of a showy dual assignment. No, they don't get twice their salary, but the extra footage, applause and glory make up for the lack of bulge in their bank accounts. A Great Opportunity We'll see if our big boys in the studios can take it. They're getting overseas shots like mad. Two top men from each studio have been in. vited by the government to go over. Idea is for them to be shown the horrors of Naziism, Fascism, con- centration camps, torture char~bers, so that from now on they can keep this in mind when planning pictures. Hordes of slaves from many coun- tries must be reeducated. Pictures will teach them the meaning of free- dam. THOUGHTS ON HORSE RACING Horse racing is a form of comps- titian between horses to determine what shape the customers are in. It is a demonstration in durability for all participants except the horses. It is a type of sport that combines all the features of a subway Jam, a food riot, a Christmas shopping rush and a panic in the madhouse. A man can get the same sensa- tions in any subway station during the rush hour for a nickel. And in addition he won't have to listen to any film that the local can beat the express if the mart money is up. Racing is proof of the claim that, for a chance to lose $3 swiftly, a man will undergo all known forms of inconvenience and torture, provido ed they are endured in an aroma of steamed frankfurters, beer. B.a. and fresh roasted peanuts. Once horse racing may have been the Sport of Kings. But the prole- tariat has taken over. H a king gets to his seat today with no ribs broken you know he had the king's horses running interferenee for him. Where once a few thousand per- sons spent leisurely afternoons, tens of thousands today blitz the tracks, panting, popeyed and perspiring as they reproduce Custer's Last Fight with the tomahawking done in tech. nicolor. When part mutuals stepped into American racing brotherly love, or- der, dignity, common sense and iaw~ regarding mayhem flew out the window. Window is right*. We used to go to the track now and then for recreation. Now we go a couple of times a season to take off weight, test our stamina, and get a fair idea of what Indian warfare was like. ~ We used to see a horse occasional- ly. Now we do well it we see a horse's ears. Once we watched 'era come down the stretch, neck and neck. Now the best we can do is to get it by loud- speaker while hanging onto our watch, pleading for the women and children first and wondering where cur hat went. -- $~ Once inside it is every man for himself and no accident or health insurance sold on the grounds. THE JAP LEADERS TO THEIR EMPEROR We offer our apologies, As planes above you swarm, For putting you upon a spot And making it so warm; We're sorry bombers do Your royal dwelling skirt; Excuse it, please, if it appears That we have done you dirt! We are so very sorry that You even smell the smoke And that our busy firemen The royal grounds must soak; We abjectly apologize And shed a bitter tear That war we planned so far away Should ever come so near. It is distressing Just to know That "smoke gets in your eyes" -- And for each whiff of it we are Gla~ to apologize; We're sorry that you had to know The brutal facts of life; We hoped to run this conflict as Our little private strife. Again we do express our grief; We're broken hearted, too, When we see war so near at band It's right next door to YOU We didn't plan our war that way It fills us with remorse, So, once more, deep apologles To you and TO YOUR HORSE*. President Truman's old home at Independence is being painted. All we hope is that, as ]President, he will get a better paint Job than most folks are getting these days. Ye ed lind the barn painted twJee in the last three years and the first heavy rain washed it off. What are the painters nsin~ for Paint today? And ff so why perpetltate the custom of thinning it out? Good luck, Harry; you'll need it! $ $ $ "Hotels will not be permitted to collect service charges on long dis- tance phone calls, the U. S. Supreme court announced."--News item. Wanna bet? It @ $ Can You Remember--. 'Away back ~hen a butcher's wi[e ~ought nothing o] asking him to bring home a steak? And when the nav~ was thought to be the less dangerous branch at the service in wartime? The Federal Reserve board is against lifting restrictions against time payments in buying new auto- mobiles. It realizes that never in history have Americans been so lit- tle apprehensive about going into permanent hock.