Newspaper Archive of
The Billings County Pioneer
Beach, North Dakota
June 21, 1945     The Billings County Pioneer
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June 21, 1945

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THE BILLINGS COUNTY PIONEER [ /' 1 By F. O'Neill ill ~P GOIN "- -- -~1~, ! L NINE -- COME ACRO WiTH THAT' ', OU FgOt4 Larger Acre Yields Receive Weather Aid Major Role Played In Control ol Pests During the war years good weather has consistently pushed yields of crops beyond what would be expected with ordinary condi- tions and improved tarming prac- tices. Additional credit for high acre yields during the war years is at- tributed by Agricultural Adjustment Grasshoppers destroy millions of wheat dollars agency reports to the widespread increase of land conservation prac- tices, which aid in producing bigger crops from the same planted acre- age. The problem for farmers lies in the fact that it is not easy to guess which pests will increase and which crops will be attacked, since weath- er conditions are very likely to en- courage some pests while reducing others. Last tall, /or instance, tin- usually large populations of several serious crop pests went into hiber* nation. As a result, observations now show that many, such as chinch bugs, the boll weevil, the codling moth, and the cattle pests, the screwworm, began the season with the largest over-wintering popula- tion in many years. Although entomologists do not predict that increased insect dam- age is inevitable this year, they urge farmers to be more watcbJul than usua~ throughout the season, and to take definite steps to save crops and animals. Ordering in- secticides and equipment now. be- fore pests have attacked crops, Is vital to proper handling of the situ- ation. Wasteful Branding Cuts Stockmen's Profit The stock raisers' of America are losing more than $I0,000,000 a year by- faulty branding. Considered necessary on the ranges to identify ownership, and required by law in some sections, it is possible to brand cattle without material damage to the hide. The value of the l~ide represents 50 per cent of the by-products, and the purchase price of all cattle is determined by value of by-prodo cuts as well as meat. This makes it essential that when branding is de- sirable, that the brands be as small as possible, and placed on jaws, neck--or that acid branding be used. In the past. due to direct market value ot hides, producers have paid little attention to the condition of the hide. Ticks, grubs and brands, which had ruined hide. were not considered seriously. The attitude Checked area Indicates location o~ quality hide. Dots indicate proper brand are~. has been. "wl~en we get paid a good price for hides, we will turn out a quality hide." Despite the justice in this attitude, the farmer not only is losing 10 million dollars annually, but the men in service are out 3 million pair of shoes--and rationing of civilian shoes must continue. Hog Cholera Serum The loss among hogs from Sol cholera has been reduced 80 per cent since the discovery and use of, the preventive serum-virus treatment. While sanitation is essential, it is not always possible to protect hogs by sanitation alone. The most dependable preventive is to keep the entire swine herd immu- nized by the serum-virus method. Since desage is governed vy weight, it is more economical to treat pi~ while still young.