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The Billings County Pioneer
Beach, North Dakota
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August 17, 1961     The Billings County Pioneer
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August 17, 1961
 

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BILLINGS COUNTY PIONEER Whiting Refinery Installs Control System U!iiiiiiiiiiii!i!!i!] il]ii[ !iiiii Operators monltar the master control panel for the world's largest crude-oil distillation unit, with a 140,000-barrel-a-day cap- acity, at the Whiting, Indiana, refiner.v of American Oil Com- pany. An exclusively designed pro- cess computer control system developed by International Busi- ness Machines Corporation, now u n d e r g o i n g installation and checkout, will set process con- trois automatically. The computer continuously will analyze operating conditions, determine, and automatically set controllers when necessary for optimum efficiency and econ- omy of performance. By pressing buttons on a spe- cial console, the operators y learn from the computer any information necessary about pro- cessing conditions--which are typed out automatically. Operators also may feed new information to the computer when p r o d u c t specification change, or laboratory tests in- dicate changes in operation are needed. The computer then ,viii deter- mine and make necessary con- trol changes automatically. The American Oil Company has installed the first fully au- tomatic, or closed-loop, process control system developed by In- ternational Business Machines Corporation. The system will control Ameri- can's 140,000-barrel-a-day crude- oil distillation unit, the world's largest, at its Whiting, Ind., re- finery. The system will be in full oreration for evaluation tests ard necassary program checkout by the end of the month. "This is another way we are raeeting the challenge of today's highly competitive oil industry," American Oil President L. Wil- liam Moore said. "We are counting on these new high-speed computer con- trol systems to help us operate our refinery units in the most economically efficient manner and at the same time maintain uniformly high quality products. The new "computer 'control sy- stem will handle computations rapidly enough to achieve cam tinuous prooess control Th'is Would be impossible by manual methods," he said. The giant crude unit for the last year has been connected hy a Process Monitoring Sy- stem to an IBM 704 computer in the American Oil Technical Computing Center more than a mile away. The crude unit will be under continuous computer control With the new system, around the clock seven days a week, instead of periodic guidence with the 704 system which was time Shared for other technical com- Puting problems, Moore said. The new IBM computer con- trol system is an integrated .Ieration for scanning process lstruments, computing immedi- .ate as well as optimum operat- ing conditions. It will continu- OUsly adjust process instruments |t a closed-loov control to main- aia optimun operations as pro- cess conditions vary. The control system is built rOUnd on IBM 1620 solid-state lgital comnuter coupled to a large " random access memory S}orage, and an input-output system for linking the crude unit instruments and he com- lter. The crude still operators are SUpplied with an operator's enSole. The console provides a Simple means for making in- Crude Oil 00Uota Down quiries of the computer and for inserting information into Federal Aid the computer such as product specification changes or the la- A il bl test laboratory results. This is va a e to done by manipulating sense switches and entering infor- _P'lgn motion into a keyboard. A typewriter on the console, Th Commerce department has and a logging typewriter, supply announced designation of 468 operators with needed infor- rural counties and 48 Indian mation from the computer. The reservations in 42 states as re- system is capable of scanning development areas eligible for 250 instruments and resetting federal aid. up to 24 control instruments in The announcement by Secre- closed-loop control, tory 9f Commerce Luther H. Moore said that the computer Hodges also made public stand- installation is part of a three- ards to be applied to areas of pronged computer control pro- low income and substantial and gram being carried on jointly p e r s i s t e n t unemployment on by American oil, the national which the designations were manufacturing and marketing based. affiliate of Standard Oil Cam- Federal aid available under puny (Indiana), and IBM. a new area redevelopment law The second installation at totals $394 million. Whiting will be on an Ultra- former, a key process for rats- Classification of a redevelop- ment area does not mean auto- ing the octane number of gas- oline, he added. Currently the matic aid. Qualified areas must Process Monitoring System from get state and federal approval the crude unit is being installed of an economic development program before federal approval on an Ultreformer for collecting of an economic developnent data to be fed to the 704 cam- program before federal aid is puter ...... given on specific projects aimed Initially this application is in- at creating permanent job op- tended for only one Ultraform- portunities, the nnouncement er, Moore pointed out, but "the said presence of two similar Ultra- The designated areas in North fomers in the immediate area can make possible the ultimate Dakota include the Fort Berth- hold, Fort Torten, Standing time sharing of a centralized Rock and Turtle Mountain re- computer system for multi-unit servations. control." In Minnesota the areas in- The third joint undertaking clude the White Earth, Red Lake, was described as a feasibility Nett Lake and Leech Lake re- study of an on-line, real-time servations. guidance system for American The Sisseton reservation in Oil Company at its 145,000 bar- South Dakota also was designat- rel-a-day Texas City, 'rex., re- yd. finery. Such a system would re- gularly scan the most signifi- [ cant instruments on each of the refinery's processing units and District Health storage tank inventories. Moore explained that from Off this and current refinery eeon- Units er _ omie and product demand in- formation, the computer would Co-ordinate day-to-day opera- New Service Lions to insure that the best over-all refinery products yields The State Health Department are obtained at the lowest pos- is now offering-a service for sible cost. persons going on foreign trips. "This project," he said, "we Kenneth Mosser, director of view as a longer range develop- the Division of Preventable Di- ment effort that should lead us senses, said the department has ultimately to truly scientific authorize drive district health management of all our manufac- units, one city health depart- turing operations." ment, once county health de- partment and the Grand Forks Public Health Laboratory to au- and construction bonds for buid- thenticate international certifi- ings at state colleges and uni- cotes of vaccination for persons versifies on which costs are self- traveling abroad. In the past, it has been ncces- liquidating and other school con- struction ,projects in cities and sary to either mail or take in Aug - persons the international cer- r ust towns around the state, tificate to the State Healt De- partment for the state seal. mn e .North Dakota Industrial a:m.mssion has set the crude oil Mosser said it will now be pos- 70 rket,,fi demand for August at Welfare Board sible to have the certificate au- _'  barrels per day and up- thenticatedat: Custer District 'rieh!herpedaSay  $5s O Purchase Health unit in Mandan; South- western District Health Unit in o Ins- North Dakota Teachers Dickinson; Upper Missouri Dis- anee and Retirement Fund. ?rict Health Unit in Williston; evtCn(ol ,t,,ar First District Health Unit in ,'ne Crude oil demand was set or_ -e commission's brief Whi :hlych off hearing during The North Dakota welfare Minor; Lake Region District Health Unit in Devils Lake; heard, no other cases were board will purchase psychiatric Grand Forks Public Laboratory, re The_ demand is about 700 bar- care and consultation on a fee for University Station, Grand Forks; [' P r day less than the 71,130 service basis. City Health Department in Far- tl Per day demand set for director of the welfare board, Department in Fargo. t.. ra Carlyle D. Onsrud, executive go, and the Cuss County Health oath of July  . , . he re " said the decision resulted from A._ . presentative of the ^_, o :lerlcaa Oil Refinery at Man- a law passed by the 1961 Legis- If you use moth flakes in stor- bastied to purchases of 47,- lature. The law provides for inn_ winter woolens, use them &2 rre= per day during Aug- t "- Other allowables s purchase of mental health care generously, at least a pound be- :qct ..... per di - and an appropriation of $120,000 tween layers of clothing in e Dist;.U re set at 47,080 from II ct 1, 20,041 from strict was made for this purpose, trunk-size container or 2 ounces ech a 'na 3,275 from District III. Onsrud said this care will be for cubic foot in garment %" "oceeds from the bag. reasu.,.,......  sale of the purchased for children referred tt, - onds the Tea h rs tl-rerneat .  _ c e to county welfare boards as st], z ruay, will be used to child welfare problems involv- Only 20 year ago, 8 of every .ate ' usiaess conditions in the ing emotional difficulties. It will 10 fars had chickens. Today, c4  also be used to strengthen the each 1O farms, less than 3 have eggs to sell, 3 produce enough e board intends to use the public welfare program for emo- for home use, and 4 farms buy ey to buy farm mortgages tonally disturbed children, their eggs. t THI.IEEK IN WA.iC a,'",GTON .... . ~ enlin N. urdkk Sen. Mike Mansfield of Man- tuna. Senate majority leade. had set his sights on a June 30 adjournment for Congress, but it looks now as though we will be fortunate to complete our work by Labor Day. The Senate has passed a pared- down version of the Omnibus Farm Bill, but it still is a good bill. It is not only a farmers' bill, but a taxpayers' bill as well. Farm income will be im- proved and surplus stocks of wheat and feed grains will be reduced,, saving taxpayers mil- Irons of dollars in storage and handling. I am urging North Dakota farmers to vote "yes" when the wheat referendum is held in August. Although I felt a more com- prehensive farm measure was needed, the legislation had my support..Reducing costs of the farm program, is necessary if ?,'e are t.') save he program, :e:au:Te eb Congressmen are dc:ant t:) s:lpport expensive ;:.rm ]egislation. I think great- er savings could have bcn achieved through the Adminis- tration's original Omnibus Bill, but it was mutilated in Com- mittee. For several years, many of us have been pointing out that e, ffective production manage- meat would raise farm income, :t the same time slashing the cost of the farm program to tax- payers. The 1961 Emergency Feed Grain Program--a moderate measure -- is proof that these goals can be achieved. Secre- tary of Agriculture Orville L. Freeman now estimates that the Feed Grain Program will cut CCC stocks by some 400 million bushels, save taxpayers almost $750 million from what the old A "FAIR PLAY FOR CUBA' demonstration in New York results n some rough play a this demonstrator sees "all blue." MORE GAME THAN HUNTING--Pint-sized hunter Frank Calla- han, 5, springs into action in San Mateo, Calif., as he stalks his fearful quarry, a huge horned Cape buffalo from Uganda. The buffalo is part of a display of fnounted African animals on exhibit at the Hillside Shopping Center in San Matco. FSH FOR INFOIATION -- Russian trawlers, equipped with radar, reportedly observed the space flights of American astronauts Alan Shepard and Virgil Grissom. The trawler which resemble the Vega, pictured here, cruised in the At- lantic near target zone during each of the U.S. space test program would have cost, and increase farm income about $500 million. Agricultural legislation also approved during this session in- cludes extension of the Sugar Act and authority to continue and expand use of our agricul- tural abundance abroad through he Food For Peace Program. Other measures enacted to date, which will have a great impact on the state and nation, include: Extension of the Federal High- way Act; the $4.9 billion hous- ing program, with provisions for low-interest loans for mid- die-income families; extension of direct and guaranteed home loan programs for World War II and Korean veterans: liberali- zation of the Social Security Act. Authorization of $235 million to help communities construct sewage treatment plants; exten- sion of unemployment ,benefits; the Area Redevelopment Act, in- cluding a Rural Redevelopment Program to be administered by the Agriculture Department; ex- tension of the Fair Labor Stan- dards Act, increasing the min- imum wage to $1.25 an hour; and a $1.7 billion authorization for the National Aeronautics and Space Agency, designed to pul the United States ahead of Rus- sia in the race to space. North Dakota could be in- cluded with 18 other states to receive major aid in reducing school construction costs through establishment of a new public land pricing schedule, as an- nounced recently by Interior Secretary Stewart L. Udall. Under the new schedule, states, loal governments nd non-profit private organizations may obtain public land sites for school construction for $2.50 an acre, with a limit of 640 acres within any single year. There are 79,000 acres of na- tural reserve lands remaining in North Dakota, which state agencies working with the Bur- eau of Land Management might consider for present or future use as sites fo rschool or recrea- tional facilities. Secretary Udalrs move scraps a fdrmer policy of requiring those seeking school sites to pay up to 50 per cent of normal market price for the public land. Such a high price tag seriously handicapped some communities seeking expansion of educational facilities in the past, he believes. The Seeretary-sald the action was another step in an Interior Department program eurag- ing the transfer of suitable pub- lic land to public use under state or local control. A previous ad- ministrative order has opened up expansion of park and rec- reational facilities by making public lands available for these purposes at the same law cost to states and local governments. Udah pointed out that those states, local governments and non-profit groups seeking edu- cational sites must agree to de- dicate the facilities to use ,by all Americans without discrim- ination or favor. In addition, the lands must be forever dedicat- ed to public use, or they will re- vert to the Federal Govern- ment, as provided by recent Congressional action. The $2.50 an acre price re- presents a minimum value which will fully protect public in- terest in the lands, Secretary Udall said. ,He added he is hopeful this action will stim- ulate applications for lands for educational purposes under pro- visions of the Recreation and Public Purpose Act. STATE MILITARY officmls expect draft calls to double and triple in the months ahead, as a result of the President's speech Tuesday night. The largest draft call this year was for 52 men last January. The August call is for 45 men. Military officials in the state say they believe the North Dakota Air National Guard's 800 officers and men may not ,be" affected by Presi- dent Kennedy's announced ac- tive duty call-up of some Air Guard units. It is believed how- ever, that in case of national emergency, two small ready Air Force reservist recovery squard- rons of Fargo-Jamestown and of Bismarck, with a strength of ed up. These would be station- about a hundred, might be call- ed at their home bases. Airline Assels N0w $435,000 The state board of equali- zation this week raised valua- tions for three major airlines in North Dakota to $435,000, for tax purposes. The figure is $5,000 more than the 1960 assessed valuation. Assessed valuation of North- west airlines was $395,000, same as 1960; Frontier airlines valua- tion was $20,000, same as 1960, and North C]entral's assessed valuation was $20,000, or $3,000 more than 1960.