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The Billings County Pioneer
Beach, North Dakota
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August 18, 1960     The Billings County Pioneer
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August 18, 1960
 

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BILLINGS COUNTY PIONEER Sandwich Hints For Cool, 'Good' Summer Meals Summer is sandwich time . pic- nics, partieS, meetings, camping, hikes or cool evening meals all call for sandwiches. It's an excellent opportunity for girls in the faintly to plan ~n after- noon buffet for mother and her friends, suggests lVlYs. Jean Baeder, NDAC assistant extension nutrition- ist. Some interesting .~andwich com- binations to serve a r e cottage cheese, raisins, ~ecans and mayon- naise; cream cheese, blue cheese and chopped pimento, stuffed olives: pineapple cheese spread mixed with mint jelly; or finely chopped dates. Remember, a good sandwich must t~ste fresh, be moist and a,ell-filled, say~s Mrs. Baeder. With your variety of s~ndwiches you could serve a fruit punch or iced tea. Men prefer a more hearty sand- wich. When preparing a lunch for Dad, try making a corned beef salad sandwich. Combine 1 cup chopped corned beef and 2 h~trd-boiled eggs. Moisten and mix with 1,4 cup salad dressing, 1 tablespoon mustard and ~/~ teaspoon horseradish. You may want to put this on dark or rye bread. Don't overlook thase little acces- sories that do so much to make the sandwich meal a success A L~rge wooden bowl generously filled with potato chips and a tray of sliced pickles, onions, cucumbers and to- matoes. Perhaps radishes, carrot~ and celery sticks for munching. Add mugs of catsup, mustard and horseradish. Then everyone can sea- son or prel~re his sandwich to suit his taste, Mrs. Baeder adds. For dessert, serve angel food cake or brownies, plus fruit. Peaches or blueberries now on the market are delicious served with cream, or the children may prefer one of the many varieties of grapes now available A cooling beverage is almost a necessity with your meal. A tall glass of iced tea or coffee is re- freshing. Canned fruit juices or frozen fruit juice concentrates also are excellent beverages for the younger members. .[3. CONCRETE SURE CURE FOR M'U]D]D~ FEEDIXFr Installing concrete feeding floors may be the only way many farmers can permanently lick the mud prob- lem in their feedlots, according to Arthur H. Schulz, NDAC extension agricultural engineer. HoWever, plenty of feedlot area. up to 400 square feet per animal, plus good drainage, will help reduce mud problems. Building a rai~ed mound in the center of the lot that stays dry and solid when the rest of the lot gets "Soupy," also helps. "But concrete is the only sure cure when serious mud problems develop as they did in many lots this spring," Schulz believes. He has observed that among older feed- lots. only those with exceptionally good drainage operate successfully without some concrete. Here are a few suggestions: "Four-inch thick concrete is ade- quate for a feeding floor if heavy equipment will not be used on it. Use concrete 6 inches thick if equip- ment such as large track-type trac- tors will be used to clean the con- crete Use 5 to 6 inches of gravel under the concrete if you have drain- age away from the concreted area. Avoid using a gravel fill under the concrete in heavy soil areas such as in the Red River Valley. Under heavy soil conditions, the gravel un- der the concrete will fill with water and cause greater heaving than if no gravel is used . "A six-foot wide slab is the min- imum width. A 12-foot wide slab will provide enough width for cat- tel to move around without having to get off into the mud. Provide about 50 to 70 square feet of con- crete per animal if you plan to con- fine the cattle to the concrete area." Plan your feedlot carefully be- fore laying the concrete, is Schulz's advice. Be sure to concrete around the watering areas as well as the feeding areas. A concreted walk- way, 10 to 12 feet wide, between the sheds and the feeding area also helps keep cattle out of the mud. Detailed plans for concrete feed- ing floors are contained in the Beef and Dairy Equipment Plans Book now available from North Dakota county extension agents or from the N'DAC Agricultural Engineering De- partment, Fargo. -4:]-- PRAIRIE FIRE DANGER ACUTE ACROSS STATE The danger of devastating prairie fires in North Dakota is becoming increasingly acute because of the hot dry weather warns State High- way Commission A. W. Wentz. Commissioner Wentz asks North Dekota motorists to be especially c~eful when smoking. A carelessly discarded match or cigarette can easily be the cause of great personal disaster and economic loss. One prairie fire has already been reported in the Denbigh area where epproximately 40 ~cres of hayland was burned over and two haystacks destroyed. A spark from a tractor ]s believed to have caused the blaze. With the dry conditions now pre- vailing over the prairie and grass lands, and with the h~rvest coming with millions of acres of dry and inflammable cropland, motorists must take pains .to see that matches, cigars, and cigarettes are fully ex- tinguised before disposal. Never throw a lighted cigarette or cigar butt out of the window, Cornmis. stoner Wentz cautions. -43-- A nation is as strong as its agri- culture, and agriculture begins with science. LODGE ACCUSES RUSSIANS OF PIRACY--SpeakAng before the U.N. Security Council in New York, U.S~ delegate Henry Cabot Lodge exhibits a map charting the flight of the downed 1~B-47 reconnaissance plane. Pointing to the Barents Sea area where the U.S. contends the plane was shot down. Lodge ac- cused the Russians of trying to force the RB-47 onto Soviet territory before they attacked over the high seas. Lodge ex- plained that secret U.S. tracking devices in England followed the plane's course throughout its entire flight He labeled the Russian action as a "criminal and reckless act of viraey." HONORARY SCOUT--President Eisenhower gets a big laugh out of his new "haberdashery," a neckerchief presented to him at the Boy Scout Jamboree near Colorado Springs, Colo by Eagle Scout Don Long (left) of Clinton, Ia. "45 In The Fami'ly"', Seconrt nf n Series (This is the second article in a serms of three dealing with child welfare prepared by Children's Village.) What happens when a court or welfare official sends a child to a service such as Children's Village, ~orth Dakota's oldest such agency? Actually, the purpose is not al- ways what the pttblie may think, according to Village personnel. "Shelter care as we call it is real- ly incidental," a Village official said recently. "What we offer is group therapy --benefits over a limited time to de- prived and disadvantaged children resulting from a 'forty-five-in-the- family' viewpoint. "Strangely, there are benefits, long-or-short range depending on the child's age and its experiences. "These include calming and quiet- ing--helping the child to forget re- cent terrors and troubles. They in- clude quick physical check-ups, new clothes, a bath, and a hair cut. "They also include order restored in the pattern of living--regimenta- tion that a troubled child really needs. "Benefits include encouragement to study and read, regular religious worship, a family atmosphere, a 'peer' relationship that forces the child, perhaps for the first time, to with others his own age--encourages tolerance, sharing, order, and dis- cipline. Therapy is lack of counter-hostil- ity to the child's own hostility. Vil- lage workers understand reasons for misbehavior or acting out. They do not react as the child expects. "Another advantage is permitting a sibling group (brothers and sist- ers) to remain together, rather than being parceled out to relatives or neighbors," the Village staffer said. "During family stress this ability of the children to hang together is good therapy. ,Later, if the family is divided for adoption or other rea- sons, the children are told why and are stronger emotionally to take separation. There are other benefits, accord- ing to the Fargo agency, which last year served 211 individual children with its child-care and child plac- ing services. These include self-expression, highly protective guidance in a cot- tage system and professional case- work counseling. '~rhe cottage life system enables us to work with our children on an individual treatment basis," the Village points out. "What kinds of children benefit from group therapy--the 'forty- five.in-the-family' aproach? "They certainly would include the maltreated and deprived kid, the child who has been out of parental 'control and whose parents failed to provide discipline with love. "They would include the hostile child, whose hostility has resulted from betrayal by his parents. He is suspicious of all adults, secretive, silent, and afraid. "They would include the child with the constricted personality, the shallow, unresponsive, unloving per- sonality-victim of the failure to give and get love. He doesn't know how to love. "They would include the mentally limited, the hesitant, the confused-- children who do not always arouse sympathy. "And they would include teen agers--those who do not wish to change their names or embark on a foster care program, but who need home and school. "If a child can make it in a priv- ate setting--he doesn't belong in a group-care agency, like the Village." -D CANNING TIPS FROM COUNTY HOME AGENT Is your food canning equipment in good working condition? Don't FIVE HURT AS PLANE HITS APARTMENT -- The were two daughters, one of whom was in critical wreckage of a light plane rests against an apart- I condition after surgery. On the ground, Mrs. ment house in Compton, Calif after a crash Frances L. Brown, 38, was sitting on the apart- landing. Pilot Chester J. Fees, 32, said his engine I ment steps when she was suddenly pinned by a failed minutes after take off and he was looking wing tip. Another woman, Mrs. Mary Purifoy, for a wide street when he hit a pole. With him 24, was whipped by telephone wi~es torn loose. ~ii!~i~. '~:::::~::i:.i::~i:.~ ~::~i!:::?" !::il~::#:~ ii::!~ii~:::iii~::ii~. :~ :::%::~iii::ii~:::~!i~!ii~i. ::::i~i~b#~ : i::: ~:::: ~ ~::~: ~ i:ii::i: .~ i: i ,:::::: i/: ~L4~J Thruston Morton Hugh Scott Leonard Hall Meade Alcorn Fred Scribner NIXON STRATEGISTS Here is the five-man board of strategy named to mastermind Richard M. Nixon's presidential campaign. Senator Morton is national chairman, and Senator Scott, Hall and Alcorn are former ~'.:?.:'rmen. Scribncr is Treasury undersecretary. Peterson Tells IGP Meeting Of Increasing School Costs 1Features Talks, Public North Dakota school districts mustI, Panels An outstanding program of discus- sions ~nd panel~ is expected to at- tract a record attendance to the International Northern Great Plaint Conference on Spcial Education and Rehabilitation Aug. 15-18 in Minor Conference officials have extend- ed a special invitation to all doctors nurses, special education personnel physical therapists, occupational therapists, speech therapists, reha- bilitation counselom, social workers. psychologists, supervisory and ad- ministrative workers in hospitals mad rehabilitation centers, parents and friends of the handicapped. All meetings ar~ open to the pub. lic, according to Edna Gilbert, con- ference president. Among the convention highlight': will be an address by AM.A Pre~i- dent-Elect, Dr. Leonard W. Larson of Bismarck. on the subject, "Re- habilitation for the Aging." Dr William Howell of the Uni- versity of Minnesota will speak on the subject, "Changing People's Minds", as part of a panel on Pub- lic Relations and Attitudes. Banquet speaker Monday, Aug. 15. will be author-historian E a r l Schenck Miers, who will discuss "Breaking the Barriers to Rehabili- tation." Dr. Benjamin Boynton of Chicago will talk on Physical M~edicine and the North Dakota Cleft Palate Team headed by Dr. John J. Ayashof Minot will give a demonstration. Dr. Lee Christoferson of Fargo will discuss Parkinsonism. and Miss A. E. Scott of Vancouver, B. C. will talk about "A Central Registry for the Handicapped". Mrs. Elsie Loberg, Minor State Teachers College, is in charge of convention registration. --G-- AI Shirley manager of the North Dakota Motor Carriers Assn. in Bismarck, has been named general manager of the Na- tional Transporters Assn Washing- ton, D. C. Shirley was in Bismarck from 1947 to February 1957, was assistant vice president of cummins Engine Co Columbus, Ind when he ac- cepted the Washington position. His appointment is effective Aug. 1. find additional sources of revenue or reduce their programs, M. F. Peterson. superintendent of public instruction, warned recently. Peterson salcl that s~eadily rising enrollments and education costs are fast outpacing revenue sources and that the state equlization fund will be down to around $3,000,000 by July 1. In past years it has been around $9.000.000. Peterson said there are not only more students now, but they re- main in school longer. Twenty years ago only 50 percent of those start- ing either grade school or high school would finish the course. Now that figure has risen to 75 per cent. Cost of education has risen ac- cordingly, Peterson said, listing the increase ~t about $2,000,000 per year from 1947 ou. "However, it increased $6,000,000 in the 1957-58 school year," the ed- ucator stud. "It was $46,000,000 a year for public education in 1959 and for this past year may reach $50,000 e0." "Co~t are expected to rise even more next year," Peterson said, "because to rate accreditition each school will have to offer 22 units of instruction including three years of mathematics and four of English and Science. "This means that unless the dis- tricts want to reduce their pro- grams, some source of more money must be found." At present, Peterson said, 25 per wait until the fruits or vegetables cent of the education money comes are in your kitchen and then start from state, 19 per cent from the wondering if your equipment is counties, a little over one per cent working properly, from federal funds and the rest from It you have a steam pressure can- ner, clean the petcock and safety valve openings by drawing a string or very narrow strip of cloth through them. Have the pressure gauge on your canner tested. Bring the cover to the county extension office. "It takes just a few minutes to make this test," says home agent, Mrs. ,Esther Schoewe. If the pressure is off five pounds or more, it is best to dis- the local school districts. "To provide more money you can raise local taxes, raise county taxes, increase the ~a~e sales tax to 3 per cent or more or seek more federal funds. The only other answer is to reduce programs and that means i~ it followed the pattern of the "30's the first to go would be voca- tional training, then home econom- ics, music, athletics and guidance arid counseling." Leafy spurge is now in bloom, with greenish-yellow flowers in flat topped clusters which at a distance resemble golden rod. It's easy to spot spurge patches by this dis- tinctlve color. card the gauge and invest in a new one. Get your food jars out too and check them over. Discard any with cracks or chips. Make sure lids are perfect. Defects in jars or lids prevent airtight seals. This results in spoilage. When preparing metal lids, follow the manufacturer's directions. If you use rubber rings, have clean, new ones---don't test by stretching. ---4:3-- UND SETS NEW SUMMER SESSION ENRO~ RECORD Total figures ~or summer session enrollment at the University of North Dakota have risen to 1463, a new summer record, with registra- tions for the second four-week ses- sion. accordin gto Miss Ruby M. Mc- Kenzie, Registrar. Many of the students enrolling wor the second 4-week session were alreaay enrolled for the first ses- sion, or for the concurrent eight- week session. This is the first year two 4-week sessions have been held. Total enrollment for the summer session is now I~ over last year, Miss M iKenzie said. Shirley succeeds William A. Bres- nahan, who last m. onth was appoint- ed assistant managing director of the American Trucking Assus. Shirley is a native of Minnesota and a graduate in transportation of the University of Minnesota. From 1936-47 he was assistant to the gen- eral traffic manager for Northland Greyhound. .D An unshaded cow standing in an ~ir temperature of 100 degrees F. as to dispose of enough heat in a 10-hour period to bring 9 gallons of ice water to the boiling point. -[-]--. Horn flies stay on cattle day and night, and are usually seen in clus- ters on the back. Treat the animals every 2 to 3 weeks, to catch each new fly crop. --D- An all-red gasoline storage tank will more from evaporation than a white" ta k the same size. COPY CAT- Actress Nancy Kovack leaves New York for Hollywood, Calif where she will soon be handling an as- signment as a reporter. Nancy plays a newshen in "Cry for Happy," her next picture. Governor Asks Crackdown on Fatality Rate County commissioners a c r o s s North Dakota received a letter from Gov. John E. Davis recently urg- ing full cooperation with the state- wide crackdown on the rising high- way fatality rate. In letters addressed to the chair- man of each county group, the Gov. ernor points out that althoush the first five months of 1960 amassed an enviable safety record, since the beginning of June North Dakota's rate has skyrocketed. Since June 3 there have been 43 traffic death. July 21 the Governor ordered that the highway department airplane, a Cessna 180, be used in traffic con- trol in conjunction with the High- way Patrol on a statewide b~sis. At the same time Governor Davis urged full cooperation by the 53 county sheriffs and county commis- sioners to help curtail the rising traffic toll. Many counties have in- creased their traffic safety activities by allowing mileage budgets for sheriffs ~md other peace officers to patrol county road, the governor noted. In his letter to chairmen of the several county commissioners, Gov- ernor Davis urges them to follow the example of other counties and make every effort to help promote traffic safety. Copies of the governor's letter al- so went to all state's attorneys, sheriffs and county auditors. --[3-- During 1959 North De kota h~ 137 fatal traffic accidents. One Hundred Sixty-three persons were killed.