Newspaper Archive of
The Billings County Pioneer
Beach, North Dakota
August 25, 1960     The Billings County Pioneer
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August 25, 1960

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BILLINGS COUNTY PIONEER The needs concerns, activities, in- terests, and organizational member- ships of eleven to thirteen year old boys are revealed in a preliminary report received by the Missouri Val- ley Council, Boy Scouts of America from the national office of the or- ganization. The stuc:y was recently complet- ed for the Boy Scouts of America by the Survey Research Center at the University of Michigan. The findings are based upon individual interviews conducted by trained adult interviewers with 1,435 (11- 13 year old boys) selected from all over the United States by probability sampling methods. The Boy ~couts of America sought to lear all it could through this process. This is a companion study to one conducted for them by the same research organization five years ago dealing wRh 14, 15, a~d 16-year old boys. These are in a sense the "summit years" of being a boy. They are generally full of activ- ity and fun and come just before' the tensions and complexities of adolesence. Some of the study's findings: Forty-one per cent do not be-] long to any organized club or group! such as the Boy Scouts, Y.M.C,A ! O Church. or school clubs. Fifty-six per cent do not belong to any kind of organized athletic term or program. These living in big cities and rural areas are least likely to be- long to club groups. Those who live in small cities are those most likely to belong to club groups. Among the boys interviewed, 25 per cent are Boys Scouts. Forty-four per cent belong to national activity clubs including the Boy Scouts. Eighteen per cent belong to school clubs, eighteen per cent to church clubs, and four per cent to other clubs. Activities for their own sake an experimentation with new activities are clearly strong needs for this age. Out of 38 typical activities list- ed, less than 50 per cent of the boys have experienced only 11 of the activities. Among all who participated, the level of expressed enjoyment is exceedingly high. Only gardemng drops below 80 per cent and that to only 70 per cent, Even for those activities actually experienced by very few 11-13 year olds, such as water skiing (9 per cent), sailing (12 per cent), and "/'hera's noth~f Uke Saviogs Bonds for a happ> Smart eggs have nest eggs I Most farmers know the good that comes from sy~tem- arJc saving. And more. than one farmer has bad the m~.l(,v he needed for new equiImlent |x~cause he put ttv, m,mey away earlier in the form of U. S. Scales "E" Savings Bonds. ,'+wings Bonds are a wonderful way of getting r~'aly for the things you, too, will need---like new farm buildings the youngsters' education or a lung vacation. Your banker can show you how Savings Bonds fit into your picture. Stop/n and talk it overt P.S,--I/you're interested in Savinp Bondm that 8too yore current income, by check every 6 montlm, Mk deta/b an Serbm "H" kvinp Bonds f skin diving (13 per cent), the pro- Iportion who have partimpated and!Nalural Gas l liked the activity plus those who ~think they would like it tit they l had a chance)brings water skiiing Refinery Sei to 64 per cent, sailing to 71 per cent, and skin diving to 65 per cent. For yU-Cre-0r Sixty-five per cent are concern- ed or worry about achievement, about "passing" or making the A four-million-dollar natural gas grade. This is true d~spite the fact refinery will be constructed in the that sixty-six per cent of them spend less than one hour per day on home- work. In contrast, 90 per cent of them spend one hour or more per day watching television and 41 per cent confess to three or more hours at the TV set. Fifty-four per cent have some ways of earning some money---not allowance--- in or outside the family, but for 70 per cent of these, this re- quires six or less hours per week. As they dream about their future adult occupations, one sees more clearly the extent of unreality in McGregor area in Burke county by i the Oil-Chem Corp. of Dallas Tex according to an announcement by Herbert H. Jones, company presi- dent. Jones said the refinery will be constructed on Great Northern Rail- way trackage two miles east o[ McGregor, and will be completed by next spring. Capacity of the refinery will be 20 million cubic feet of natural gas a day, and the refinery will be con- structed to allow for increasing capacity to 30 million cubic feet a day at some future date. their expectations. Jones said the refinery would em- Sixty-three per cent plan ploy about 40 persons in producting (now) to be professional men, liquid petroleum gases and natural with engineers, doctors, and sci- gasoline on about a half-and-half entists leading the parade; basis. t=:l~leath~;t::~dt~l lbe pro fes- i Dakota Salt and Cheeimal Co. of . . . piay e s;.nveI Williston has employed Jones as a per cen~ pmn ~o De business [consultant in the storage of liquid men. I petroleum gas. lney are deeply dependent upon l V]- their familits, i BITY WEED KILLER When they grow up, 53 per cent desire to be like some relative or member of their immediate family. Thirty-four per cent pick their own father as the image; twelve per cent pick sports, TV. or movie stars, and nine per cent pick pop- ular heroes. --El--- Bounty Cost To SporIsmen el00,000 For the second consecutive year, the number of foxes bountied in North Dakota reached an all-time high last year, according to infor- mation compiled by Arthur "Bud" Adams, fur research biologist for the state game and fish department. A total of 43.016 foxes was bount- leo during the period from April 1, 1959 to March 31. 1960. This figure was 33 per cent higher than the pre- vious record of 36.155 foxes bountied during the fiscal year 1958-59. Also, the new record was 139 per cent above the average annual fox bounty for the period from 1945 to 1960. Another increase was noted in the number of foxes bountied in the area south and west of the Missouri river. This marks the ninth year m a row in which the number of foxes bountied in this area has in- creased, despite continuous bounty payments for many years. A total of 2.844 fox were bountied south- west of the River. compared to 2.749 during 1958-59. The record high in foxes bountied last year was a result of three ma- jor factors: a high statewide fox population, good snow cover for aerial hunters, and marked increase in red fox pelt value. In addition to the record 48,016 foxes bountied. 98{} coyotes. 281 bob- cats and 5,067 magpies were present- ea for bounty in 1959-60. Cost of these bounty claims to license buyers for the ~ear was $97,722.05. Fox bounties alone cost sportsmen $91,027.00 These figures do not include clerical and admin- istrative costs. BY ACID CONTENT Don't buy your weed killer on the price per gallon alone. You may end up with an expensive product. Instead, check the lable for the acid content per gallon in pounds or ounces, then calculate from the retail price the cost per pound of acid. By law, this acid content must be on the can lable. The most com- mon acid contents are 2, 2.67, 3.34, 4 and 6 pounds per gallon. Since all recommendations are based on an ounces or pounds, per- acre basis, a 4-pound formulation would cover twice as much acreage as a 2-pound formulation, and it is quite likely that the cost would not be twice as much, as there are savings ip packaging and shipping and in other materials in the form- ula. Dr. E. A. Helgeson, botanist for the North Dakota Agricultural Ex- periment Station and author of many research publications on chemical weed control, warns against waiting too long to apply the chemical. The best time to spray wheat, durum and barley is from the time 5 full leaves appear until the early boot stage. The crops may ,be injured if 2~. 4-D Is applied.' ~before the 2- leaf stage, or after the early boot stage. Oats should be treated at the same stage--5-6 leaf to early boot-- and are more tolerant of MCPA than of 2, 4-D. Spray flax as soon as enough susceptible weeds emerge to make spraying practical. This is usually wOnen flax is 2 to 4 inches tall. Spraying with any chemical after the most favorable period is past can be very expensive, Dr. Helgeson says. The crop plant can be injured by the chemical, and the competit- tion of the weed plants for light, moisture and nutrients cuts yields, makes dockage problems, and com- plicates harvest and storage because of the green material in the mature grain. Circular A-253. "Chemical Weed Control in Field Crops," by Dr. Hel. geson and L. A. Jensen, extension agronomist, contains more detailed information on field crops. It takes 115 gallons of water to grow enough wheat to make one loaf of bread. ~ONSORED BY IP yon cma reid the ambers on the stop sign when the above picture is held 7t . my and the letters on the speedomet at 27 inches you probably, have normal driviag v/sioa. BUT to be have a complete eye enndnstk)c# once year. Conducted by SALLY OREMLAND HELPFUL II]NTS nuts, dates and cherries to flour, (From Mrs. H. M. Bismarck) To remove marks made by match- es scratched on a painted surface, rub the area with lemon cuts and wipe clean. To safeguard fragile china and glassware when packing them to move, dampen the excelsior. It will shape itself to each piece, giving extra protection against breakage. Here is a wonderful rust remov- ing idea for the chrome on your car. Use aluminum foil as a polishing agent. Dip the foil in water, then rub the chrome. Lessen the irritating effects of dishwater detergents on your hands by adding a little vinegar to the dishwater before adding the deter- gent. Neighbor's pets wil lkeep their distance if you sprinkle cayenne red pepper under your shrubs and plants. It also disc,~urages ants. It's nonpoisono~s, but effective CLEAN ALUMINUM? (Mrs. S. K Mandan) I have been having great difficul- ty in removing stains from my alum- inum pots and pans with ordinary soap. Could some reader come to my rescue with hints? CAKE RECIPE (From Mrs, W, D Bismarck) I would like to pass along a cake recipe that is much enjoyed by my family. It is called Chip and Cherry Cake. Chip and Cherry Cake: three well- then fold in the egg and sugar mixture. Pour into oiled, waxed paperlined loaf pan about 9xSx3 inches. Bake in 325 oven for lb~ hours to a crusty brown. Cool on rack. Trim, wrap in waxed paper and store in cake box. FRYING PAN PROBLEM (Mrs. A. G Bismarck) Can someone please tell me what to do to Frying Pans to prevent ood from sticking? I have tried scouring them with salt, but without result. , PICKLE RECIPE (Mrs. T. H Mandan) I would certainly apprecmte a recipe for kosher dill pickles. Last year I canned some and they were a flop. I still haven't given up. however, and hope to try again this year. Our bread and bu'.ter pickles tram last year were a real success and good enough to warrant passing on the recipe to readers. Bread and Butter 25 to 30 cucumbers, 8 onions, 2 green peppers, cup salt, 5 cups vinegar; 5 cups sugar, 2 tablespoons mustard seed, 1 teaspoon tumeric, ~/z tea- spoon cloves. Wash cucumbers and slice quite thin. Chop onions and pepper or grind them. Combine with cucumbers and salt. Let stand 3 hours and drain. Combine vinegar, sugar and spices in a large preserv- ing kettle. Bring to a boil. Add drained cucumbers. Heat thoroughly beaten eggs 1 cup granulated sugar, I but do not boil. Pack while hot into 1~ cups sifted flour, 1 cup coarsely-i sterilized jars and seal at once. cut dates, 1 cup halved eandiedi * * * cherries, 1V:, teaspoons baking pow- (All inquiries and contributions to der, ~/4 te.~spoon salt, ~/~ pound t the Reader's Trading Post may he chocolate, bits or cut up semisweet[made by addressing Reader's Trad- chocolate, 2 cups coarsely chopped ling Post, Conrad Pub. Co Box 90, nuts Bismarck It will not be posszble to pecans or wal t " " " Beat eggs and sugar toge~-her.~accept telephoned inquiries or con- Sift dry ingredients. Add chocolate, tributions.) SAINTS LIMIT WATERS for USED FOR IRRIGATION All waters that might be used irrigation in North Dakota are not the same, The quantity and kind of salts it contains are factors that deterrnin the suitability of water for irrigation purposes. Water of low salt concentration are most sutable, says Theron G. Summerfeldt, assistant soil scien- tist for the North Dakota agricul- ~lr~l ex~periment station, Gener- ally, if ~he salts are dominantly cal- cium and magnesium, greater con- centrations can be tolerated than' if they are sodium. Waters of low salt concentration the soil to become saline (salt af- fected or "whi/te alkali") to the poir~ that plant growth is impos- sible. This occurs because the salt concentration in the soil interfers with the absorption of nutrients and w~ter ~y the plant, or from ~e toxic effects of certainions, such as sodium and boron. Some plants are mare t~ler~ant to sallnization than others. Sodium may also affect the soil physical conditions so that the soils ,are unsuitable for plant growth. Alkali soils (high sodium sails) have a tendency to seal, off pore ~g~e~. UIl~der ~ese ~ondit~ons water entry into the soil is great- ly inhibited and in extreme condl- ttions ~ is completely restricted. Also, plant roots require adequate aeration, Sommerfeldt says. Plants growing in a soil flint has sealed off may suffer from a lack of oxy- gen. The poor physical conditions may have more severe effects on plant growth than do the effects of the salts themselves. GeneralIy the problems of sal- inty and alkalinity are more severe on finer textured soils (clayey soils) than for the coarser textur- ed (sandy) soils. The method of classifying water for irrigation is not the same as that far ~household use. A water containing oonsiderable calcium and magnesium may be classified as satisfactory for irrigation pur- I Pose$ but ms7 ,l~e classified as a hard water for household use. Like- 'wise, a soft water may be high in sodium, and would be unsuitable for irrigation. Generally when a water soafener is used it removes calcium and mag- nesium ancl ~rep~es ~Sem wifu~ sodium, to produce a water high in sodium. These waters should not be used freely for irrigation pur- ~ses, unless it is ,possible to read- ily reclaim the soil or to replace it wi~/h new material when nee- essary, as ma~y be the ease with house plants, says Sommerfeldt SELL DRY COWS SOON-SAVE FEED Sell your dry cows soon to save oasture and to take advantage of favorable market prices. "Present day cow prices are rela- tively good," says George E. Strum, NDAC evtension livestock agent. "The so called summer hamburgcr season has increased the demand for cow beef. Last fall cow prices drop- ped and indications are for a re- peat performance." "Overgrazed pastures from last year, plus a slow spring means less grass. Selling the non-producing cow soon will reduce grazing pressure & allow more feed for cows with calves at side, Strum explains. One cow will eat as much as four calves will eat. Normally, dry cows are pastured until late summer or fall to gain added weight before being market- ed. However, this year the net re- turn may be greater by selling on an earlier market and at the same time making available more grass for the producing cows. The cattle numbers allowed to DAVID TAYLOR MODE]. BASIN 15 THIS THE BEST ~ FOR THE PURPOSE'? THE ANSWER TO THIS AND MANY OTHER QUESTIONS TO THE NAVY BY DAV/D TAYLOR MODEL BASIN. TESTS ON MODELS OF EVERY DES/G/q, EXISTING OR PLANNED," ARE CARRIED OUT. TO DO THE JOB TOWING IL4~IN$, WffH AUTOMATIC WAVE MAKERS, QUALIFIES AND MANEUVERAJUL/TY. THE DEEP WATER BASIN AT DAWD TAYLOR I~ THE LARGEST OF ffS K~,/O ~N THE WORLD. f C t~ n 0 t~ il iz a: li t] a] b d, C~ ti S E a~ A st n~ S~ I ] I ( ! I 4 i ] I E ( $ S f t a t W a