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Beach, North Dakota
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September 7, 2017     The Billings County Pioneer
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6, The official newspap e~ ~. co~f,,,.Ji/3 II County, North Dakota USPS 056-180 Vol. 100, No. 52 75 es business icon' impact on rural America A University of Wyoming faculty member's new book about James Cash Penney explores how the de- Partment store icon and his com- pany shaped rural America throughout the 20th century. "I wanted to wrap my mind around the scope of Penney's exten- sive involvement in agriculture and rural America, and ultimately un- derstand why a successful depart- ment store icon would choose to pursue such activities while living and working in New York City," sa id David Kruger, UW's agricultural research librarian. David Kruger is the son of Del- bert and Vera Kruger of Beach. "J.C. Penney: The Man, the Store, and American Agriculture" provides a biographical account of the business mogul and a historical view of his company and rural America. Although he was born and raised on a farm in Missouri, Penney had strong connections to Wyoming. He married his first wife, Berta, during Cheyenne Frontier Days in 1900. He lived in Evanston and then in Kemmerer, where he opened his first store in 1902. He left Wyoming for New York in 1907, but fre- quently returned to the state from 1933-1962 to visit his Wyoming stores and friends. In 1945, he re- ceived an honorary doctoral degree from UW. Penney traveled to the Cowboy State for the last time in 1962 at the age of 87, when he accepted a life- time achievement award from the DAVID DELBERT KRUGER ~_ Wyoming Council of Retail Mer- chants. "Despite his stature as a national businessman, Penney's last day in Wyoming was humbly spent wait- ing on customers at the J.C. Penney store in downtown Casper," Kruger said. Penney intentionally built his stores in agricultural regions, where they became fixtures of small-town main streets. According to Penney, "Small towns were where I was at home. I knew how to get close to the lives of small-town people, learning their needs and preferences and serving them accordingly." A benevolent and religious man, Penney embodied the Golden Rule and instilled in each store the phi- .losophy of mutual respect among customers, employees, suppliers, competitors and communities. Despite his company's growing success, he didn't lose sight of his agrarian roots. In fact, he developed and administered numerous agricul- .tural projects while overseeing his company as chairman of the board. One of his interests was to breed a higher quality of cattle, working specifically with Guernsey dairy cattle, and Angus and Hereford beef cattle. "His philosophy was to use his THE MAN, THE STORE, AND AMERICAN AGRICULTURE Shown isthe cover of David Kruger's book regarding J.C. Pen- ney. (Courtesy Photo) "His philosophy was to use his wealth and his expertise (he was basically a well-read and self-taught animal scientist) to make im- provements to cattle for the benefit of the common farmer." David Kruger wealth and his expertise (he was ba- "Behind J.C. Penney's homoge- sically a well-read and self-taught neous shopping mall facade lies a aninial scientist) to make improve- much deeper story about the com- ments to cattle for the benefit of the pany and the man who created it, a common farmer," Kruger said. history innately tied to rural Amer- Among his other agricultural en- ica and a Golden Rule spirit that is deavors, Penney funded an exten- often lacking in the business world sive horse and mule breeding today," Kruger said. operation on his birthplace farm in In addition to researching histor- Missouri; he sought to improve 4-H ical archives for his book, Kruger organizations nationwide; and he interviewed more than 50 people, donated money - along with his herd including Penney's last surviving of prize-winning Guernseys - to cre- child,, daughter Mary Frances Wa- ate a dairy research center at the gley, five of Penney's grandchildren University of Missouri. Addition- and former J.C. Penney CEO W.R. ally, Penney applied his Golden Howell. He also has written 12 aca- Rule philosophy to personal farm- demic articles on the history of the ing partnerships he developed in his J.C. Penney Co. and its founder. home state. He bought and im- The 360-page book, published by proved farms; the tenant farmers the University of Oklahoma Press, provided the labor; and he split the is available in hard cover or as an e- profits among them. book. Annual Balloon Rally set for Sept. 9-10 MEDORA - The Thepdore Roo- Motel, or a ranch south of Medora de- For the Badlands Kite Fest, kite fly- sevelt Medora Foundation (TRMF) pending on wind direction. Riders, ers will decorate the sky with their says the 15th Annual Medora Hot Air photographers, and anyone else in at- kites of varying sizes, shapes and col- Balloon Rally, and 3rd Annual Bad- tendance at the rendezvous point will ors. lands Kite Fest, will take place Satur- be notified as these decisions are made. The kite flyers will be flying their day, Sept. 9 and Sunday, Sept. 10. Balloon rides are not for sale, but kites at the balloon rally rendezvous The rally is a way.for visitors to the public is invited to view the rally as point next to the Badlands Motel and relax during the morning and afternoon it floats above the Badlands. at the Burning Hills Amphitheatre on of the finale weekend of the 53rd The Hot Air Balloon Rally Sched- Saturday and Sunday. Medora Musical. The rally also pro- ule: Kite Fest schedule: vides an opportunity for professional Saturday morning Saturday and SundaY and amateur photographers to take Pilot Briefing 5:15 a.m. :Kites begin setup at 10 a.m. some beautiful photographs. Passengers arrive 5:45 a.m.Kites flying from approximately 11 The rendezvous point is the lot on (in air 6:30 a.m. - land 8 a.m.) a.m. - 4 p.m. the east side of the Badlands Motel. Sunday morning: Participants are encouraged to bring The balloon launch is always weather Pilot briefing 5:15 a.m. their own kites, but they will just have permitting. The foalloons will launch Passengers arrive '5:45 a.m. to steer clear of the kites already in the from the lot next to the Badlands (in air 6:30 a.m.- land 8 a.m.) air. cents September 7, 2017 WW !'- m~ : Vendors visit at the Belfield Farmers Market at the pavilion on Main Street in Belfield on Aug. 31. (Photo by Richard Volesky) By Richard Volesky Editor/Reporter BELFIELD - Local gardeners are helping meet a demand for pro- duce. With there not being a full- fledged grocery store in Belfield, and with no business offering pro- duce, the Belfield Farmers Market has stepped in. The market is held in the pavilion on Main Street from 4-6 p.m. on Thursdays. "This has been a good thing for Belfield," said Andy Prociw, one of the market's eight vendors. "It's been good. It's been fun. A lot of ,~ork though in~'a (drought) year "This has been a good thing for Belfield. It's been good. It's been fun. A lot of work though in a(drought) year like this." Andy Prociw like this." Vendors likely will continue to be at the pavilion weekly even after the first hard frost, said Kathy Krebs, another one of the vendors. Produce such as tomatoes, and potatoes and other root crops typi- cally become more available after frost. Baked goods and canned goods also have been available at the mar- ket. The best selection is at 4 p.m. when the market opens. The city and the Pak Board are allowing the vendors to use the pavilion, according to Prociw. Due to food regulations, a re- striction is that vendors aren't al- lowed to provide samples or to ,.d~- allow produce to be cut up for sale. Duck numbers are down from last year State Game and Fish Department Observers also count water areas 13 percent from last year, gadwalls biologists expect a fall duck flight during the summer survey, and this were down about 4 percent, and blue- from North Dakota that is down 8 year's water index was 38 percent winged teal broods were unchanged. percent from last year, based on ob- lower than last year. Due to drought Blue-winged teal are typically the servations from the annual mid-July conditions and sparse precipitation most prevalent breeding duck in waterfowl production survey, since snowmelt, Szymanski said sum- North Dakota. This year's brood index came in mer wetland conditions are declining. In addition, pintail brood numbers at 3.68 broods per square mile, down Game and Fish biologists will were down 65 percent. However, 5 percent from last year. The conduct a separate survey in Septem- shovelers were up 44 percent. statewide average since the survey ber to assess wetland conditions The Game and Fish summerduck began in 1955 is 2.59 broods per heading into the waterfowl hunting brood survey involves 18 routes that square mile. Overall brood size was seasons, cover all sectors of the state, except up 8 percent from last year. Mallards, gadwall and blue-west and south of the Missouri River. Migratory game bird management winged teal are the top three duck Biologists count and classify duck supervisor Mike Szymanski said pro- species that nest in North Dakota, broods and water areas within 220 duction was better in the northern tier and together they accounted for yards on each side of the road. of the state, with northernmost routes nearly 75 percent of the broods ob- The survey started in the mid- experiencing increased counts over served in the summer survey. Mal- 1950s, and all routes used today have last year. lard brood numbers were down about been in place since 1965. On a sunny day ... A tiny bee peruses a sunflower in an area field. If lucky enough to have received rain re- cently, some sunflower fields seem to be faring relatively well. (Courtesy Photo) The First Thing You Should Do With Every Paycheck When most people receive a paycheck, they spend the money on bills, fun, and last of all...savings. If you find saving difficult, set aside a portion of your earnings before you take care of your bills. Some people start by saving 5%, 10% or more. You'll be pleased how fast your savings will grow. B~KING On A First Man~ Bas~ First State Bank Golva Medora Beach 872-3656 623-5000 872-4444 Member FDIC www.fsbofgolva.com ATM in Beach & Medora lobby