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Beach, North Dakota
September 20, 1945     The Billings County Pioneer
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September 20, 1945

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/ VOL. XXVII. MEDORA, BILLINGS COUNTY, NORTH DAKOTA Thursday, September 20, 1945 NO. 16. I I WEEKLY NEWS ANALYSIS Congress Backs Pearl Harbor Probe, But Stiff Fight Looms Over Truman's Domestic Policies ,Relearned by Weetern Newspa~r Union. (EDITOR'S NOTE: When opininne are ezpresned in these eolumno, they nre teens Of Western lqewspnpel" Union's news nnalysbs and not nseessarUr of this newspaper.) Home as well as factory industrial facilities felt the lash of U. S. air raids, with only the machinery standing in the ashes of this burned- out residential shop in Tokyo. appeal to the Japanese people to ful. CONGRESS: fill the obligations of the uncon- Fight Looms ditional surrender and work to re- Highlighted by an 18,000 word gain the confidence of the world. message from President Truman, In dqtailing the Nipponese down- congress went back to work afterfall, Higashi - Kuni revealed that a brief recess to tussle over legish- combined U. S. sea and air might had sharply reduced Nipponese tion extending the draft, tiding the shipping and rall communications nation over reconversion, holding and cut down the flow of materials the price line until volume produc- to war industries. In turn, these tion develops, readjusting the farm economy to peacetime, and provid- plants suffered heavily from air ing credit for foreign countries,bombardment. Declaring that the ruins of Hire- The first congressional move, how- shlma and N~asaki, were too ghaat- ever, concerned none of these weighty problems but rather the ly to even look upon, Higashi-Kun| admitted that the use of the atomic Pearl Harbor debacle of Decemberbomb proved the real tu,rning point 7, 1941. Stealing the ball from the Republican opposition. Senator of the war, with Russia s entrance Barkley (Dem Ky.) called for. a capping the disastrous turn of joint inquiry into me events. disaster, with an amendment by Sen- Even as Higashi-Kuni spoke, U. S. afore Vandenberg (Rep Mich.) and forces continued to pour into Japan Ferguson (Rep Mich.) broadening for occupation duties, with an sail- the probe to include the ph/llppine, mated 300,000 to 400,000 men eventu- Wake and Midway /e/ands setbacksally needed to complete the opera- as well. Matching speedy passagetion. With U. S. troops fanning out in the senate, House Speaker Ray- over the Japanese home ielands. burn ~(I~m.~ T~s) aspired prompt :efforts werh made" to "speed Up ti~ action in his chamber, release of American war prisoners, Barkiey's resolution for an investi- gation followed on the heels of con- marly of whom charged mistreat- meat during their captivity. Avi- gressional clamor for an inquiry as ators especially were singled out for a restflt of general feeling that the abuse, first being immrnel~l by army and navy board reports con- any civilians upon parachuting to stituted a whitewash of politicalsafety, before being turned oyer to mflRary guards. REDEPLOYMENT: Revbe P/ans Considered its answer to wide- spread erit/eism on the part of eerv. icemen as well as the public, the army revised its redeployment plans tO free" *an r. USt~ ~T~d'. ~ "~ vats , from pacific duty. Speaker Eaylm~ (leGt), Pree/- mt Trmmm (creater) and lth~rfty Lesdee IhHdey. h/gher-ups, Barkley himself took rec- ogn/ti0n of this sentiment, declaring that the probe should bring out all /sets relating to civil as well as military responsibility, with no af- fort to shield any individual. Though support for a joint-con- gressional investigation of Pearl Harbor was nigh unanimous, the administration faced rougher sled- ding on other important legislation. with the Republicans threatening a bitter fight against so-called pater- nal/stie aspects of Mr. Truman's domestic program. Particularly acrimonious debate was expected to develop over such administration-supported measures as increasing unemployment corn- pensation to a maximum of $25 a week for 26 weeks; entrusting the government with providing for full employment; banning racial or reli- gious discrimination in hiring, and extensive federal public works building. Opponents also girded to fight the administration's reconver- sion pricing policies, which seek to hold charges to 1942 levels until mass production permits volmne. In military matters, a lively fight loomed over extension of the draR for 18 to 25 year oldsterq, with the issue somewhat tempered by efforts to boost voluntary recruiting by pay inducements. JAPAN: Details Defeat Because of the disruption of com- munication lines and the blasting of heavy industries in the wake of the U. S.'s relentless forward ad- vance, .Japan was finished last June, Premier Higashi-Kuni told the 88th session of the imperial diet. The premier's analysis of Japan's defeat followed Emperor Hlrohito's Under the new plan, G.I.a exempt from overseas service will include thoee with 46 or more diecharga points; those between 34 and 37 years of age with a year of sarv- ice, or those 37 or over. Previous- ly, the army had required 75 points for such exemption. Meanwhile, 200,000 army officers looked b~vard,to earlyrelease fol- lowing the announcement of dis- charge plans based upon the point system. With points computed on the basis of one for each month in service, one for each month of over- seas service, five for each combat ward and 12 for each dependent under 18, colonels, lieutenant-col- onels and majors need 100 points for discharge; captains, first and second lieutenants, 85, and warrant and flight officers. 80. EMPLOYMENT: Set Goal Speedy rehiring of many dis- charged war workers by reconvert- lng industries will be necessary if the War Manpower commission's goal of an immediate postwar fac- tory employment of 14 million is to be achieved. The necessity of speeding up re- conversion to absorb the postwar labor glut was pointed up by the WMC's own estimate that four rail- lion Persons would lose w~rtime jobs within'~ the next six months. Aircraft plants alone will discharge one toll- lion. with ordnance releasing 800,000, shipbuilding 600,000 and government over 100,000. Manufacturing industries cannot sop up all of the available labor sup- ply, WMC said, declaring that in- creasing numbers of men and wom- en will have to enter mining, build- ing, ~xade and farming. Because the war restricted much activity in these enterprises, and anticipated postwar markets will lead to busi- ness expansion, WMC predicted wider employment in these fields. QUISLING: Defends Self With death staring him in the face, pale and grim Vidkun Quisling was pictured as a constructive Eu- "ropean statesman and passionate foe of Bolshevism by his counsel Henrik Bergh during the closing stages of the celebrated treason trial in Oslo, Norway. Though no political disciple of the notorious collaborator, lawyer Bergh depicted Quislihg as an ideal- istic eccentric, who, while contact- ing Hitler in 1939, also commu- nicated with Chamberlain in an ef- fort to bring about peace between Germany, Britain and France. Bergh attributed the collaborator's sympathy with the Nazi occupation of 1940 to a desire to prevent Nor- way becoming a battleground like Poland through a British landing and subsequent German counterattack. First sympathetic to communism while doing relief work in Russia in 1923. Quisling changed his atti- tude in 1930 upon seeing mass im- prisonments, starvation and plagues in the soviet, Bergh said. RECONVERSION: Strikes Interfere In the first serious work stoppage in the reconversion period, produc- tion was cut sharply at the Ford and Hudson automobile plahts fol-[ lowing a variety of labor disputes. In Washington. D. C the govern- ment remained in close touch with the situation, in keeping with Presi- dent Tru~an's avowed determina- tion to prevent a reconversion slow- down through labor differences. At Ford's, over 26,000 workers were laid off as a result of strikes at parts suppliers' plants, with the walkout of 4,500 employees of the Kelsey - Hayes Wheel company over the discharge of union stewards chiefly interfering with production. The stewards had been fired for in- stigating a brawl with a foreman. C~ent of pro&uct/on at Hud- son s followed the walkout of 6,000 workers in sympathy with 500 fore- men striking in protest over a re- duction of wartime wage rat~ 1 "! may be bimm sad 1 may d/e," 3~. vet'.old LewiJ Francis Ford. bw progwh- er ot the Dolly Pond Churob o[ God near Birchwood, Tenn told a n~slm. per repo~er balers eomb, smg his sect's shahs h~dli~ rites. "Bus il I do," Ford eo~ed; "~ will be bereu~o Lord to trs me makes m's peisomm.*. Shortly aItsrtt~xd, Ford we~ biU~. M d~ right ~ as he was ra.ovm# ra~a trom a. woomm box, and ~s ~ to a n~y lei yed lot him. kb e b. tie. t rss d. sr, he rush to Cheu~oo~ hesl~d, ~ero died. Ford's dead, 1~ ~ o4 Mrs. lh .v O. Kirk ot iss, c~mhed tram a r~he bite wr~ Jm~g a reU~ ~ BeJor~ dyin@ Mrs. Kirk ~o bird, ~o child, JAPRE MENT: Lift Co, Ban Of 110,000 perm of ~apansae ancestry, who were removed from the Pat[fiG coast following Pearl Harbor, enly 4~,000 will return with the lfftin~ of the ban against their resettlement there, U. S. reioeation authorities pred/cted. Out of the II0,000 removed, about ~0,000 have ~ new ~mneS~ m other sections :0f the country, where they have entered a variety of in- dustries ranging from watch-making to mechanical dentistry and proven their efficiency and trustworthiness. Another 50,000 have remained in re- location camps. With feeling running high against Japanese-Americans in some Pacif- ic coast communities, MaJ. Gen. H. C. Pratt. commander of the western defense zone, called upon residents there to accord resattlers the same privileges of other law.abiding citi- zens. SURPLUS GOODS: Sales Policy Hoping to speed the turnover of material and permit wider distribu- tion among dealers during the im- mediate period of scarcity, the de- partment of commerce reported that most surplus war goods would now be sold on a fixed price basis'Tather than sealed bidS. The department revealed its poll- cy change at the same time that it announced 300 million dollars worth of material is being made avail- able to wholesalers and retail- era, with items including chicken wire, trucks and other vehicles. hardware, shotguns and shells. Under the new selling plan, mate. rial will be disposed of to whole- salers and retailers under OPA ceil- ings, with allowances for profit mar- gins. Thirty days credit will be ex- tended. An estimated 80 per cent of dollar volume of all surplus sales will fall under the new pricing cy. N0i a New Deadly Bug Killer Has Effective Use But It Also Has Its Limitations and Danger When Improperly Used. (EDITOR'S NOTE: Thb is a guest column written by Winfudd Y. Dyrden, WNU Stall Correspondent, and was not prepared by Bauk. hage, whose column generally appears in this sp~ce each week.) DDT, much publicized insecticide, saved thou~nds of lives of our fighting men and civilians In coun- tries where our operations were ex- tended, but it Is not the panacea that we would like to believe. The irony of the story is that It was discovered nearly seventy years ago by a German chemist named Zeldler, but was almost forgotten until rediscovered during the pres- ent war by Dr. Paul Muller and Dr. Paul Lauger. These Swiss scien- tists asserted recently, upon their arrival in America, that with proper control, flies, mosquitoes and other harmful Insects can be eliminated entirely from the United States. But along with these Insects would go our pollen carrying insects, bees and other beneficial friends of man- kind, also perhaps our birds and fish. Gone also would be many plants and trees that depend upon Insects for pollnlzatlon. As they point out it Is a Job for entomolog- Ists. not laymen. DDT has been made available to the public In limRed amounts. There will soon be a sufficient supply to meet every demand, Manufacturers of the products, whether In liquid or powder form are careful to give eomplets Instrngtioes as to its ap- pllcatlon, which must be followed. Scientists Tell of Effective DDT Use Despite Its Inherent toxicity, DDT in the desired Insecticidal concentra- tions in air is of such low order that it will not cause injurious effects in humans, Dr. Paul A. Neel, chief of the research section of the division of industrial hygiene of the U. 8. Public Health service has reported. It was this knowledge that made It advisable to spray from the air the Jones Beach area on Long Island, N. Y and part of the city of Rork- ford, llllnois. In both eases the pur- pose was to control insects. Jones beach to kill sand fleas and Rock. ford to kill polio-carrying flies, be- lieved to have been the direct caasa for the serious lnfanile paralysis o~th~ak in many sections. Col. A. L. Ahnfeldt, U. S. sur- pen l~meral's office, after a study of. results secured in the army, ports: "In penes tinm DI~ may well change the d~tlny of the earth's population Our postwar world ~lU no longer be ~rged b7 typhus and malaria and ether In- sect borne diseases DDT is not a ~!1, but in the pertmtual war betwsm~ humans and disease, DD~ Is one of the moat eHeetive weapons yet dlScove~d by ms=." "DDT will be to provmtive medi- cine what Lister's diseevery of ant~ sapt/e was to surgery and Sboald etmm the door forever on th~ dlmuee whleh are compa~oas ef death dialing Inssats." In the field of agriculture the re. suits have been far from dian01~iat- log. Remarkable ~ults have been obtained by some of Its application, while in others the resets were either negative, Incomplete, or its use not recommended due ~e effect on b/rde and other insects. Will Prove Boon To Ha/'d ,Worked Farmer While agricultural use of DD~ must still be considered in Its ~- perimental state, reliable and corm- plete tests at various state experi- ment stations have proved that It is the best lesectielde now on the mar. ket for the control of the apple's most destructive pest. the codling n~}~h. It will kill Japansse~beetle adults, while current remedies are based entirely upon their repelling valee, The grape leaf hopper and other lea~hoppers are highly susceptable to DDT and excellent results have been obtained with it against Orien- tal fruit moth. It uiso has proved effective against apple red bug, pear thrips, grape berry moth, fruit tr~ lea/roller, apple maggot, eher~ maggot and many others. In California It was proved that DDT was effective against t~g moths in walnut and other orchards. At Missouri it was found that u three percent dust was effective tn controlling blister beetle, squash bug, white fly, thrips, sowbup, corn sarworm, Colorado potato beetle, spotted a n d striped cucumber beetles, northern corn reotworm, pavement ant. lees-bugs, lea/hop- pet's on ~rape. ties beetles on egg- plant, and a ten percent dust for roaches, fleas, and squash bugs. The U. S. department of agricul- ture reported that "DDT Insectleldes were fotmd experimentally to be definitely more effective than those currently used for control of some 80 pests that attack field crops, man. livestock and trees. These included codling moth, cabbage looper, catal- pa sphinx, cotton ball-worm, cotton flea-hopper, eastern tent caterpillar, elm bark beetle, green-striped maple worm. gypsy moth, horn files on cat- tie, Japanese beetle. Lygus and four other kinds of sucking bugs, mimosa webworm, pine sawflles, pink boll. worm, spruce budworm, velvetbean caterpillar, vetch bruchld, white fringed beetles, mosquitoes, bedbugs, three kinds of lice on nmn, and houseflies and fleas in buildings. A Good Insecticide For Postwar Home Brig. Gen. Simmons, army medi- cal corps has said, "DDT will ex- ceed even penicillin In its ultimate usefulness and will prove to be the outstanding medical advance made during the war." One of the newest products is a paint containing DDT to be used on walle of kitchens, dining rooms and in institutions. Other industrial uses have beeu found by dusting with a 10 percent DDT powder around the sink and other places where cockroaches and other insects stay. DDT will eliminate the bedbug problems In hospitals, as well as in private dwellings. It may be appli- ed as u five percent spray or as a 10 percent powder to both sides of the mattress and springs. It also provides freedom from flies and mosquitoes in hospitals. The new aerosol bomb, which releases the DDT as an aerosol--a ero~ between a fumigating gas and an ordinary fly spray, is excellent for this purpose. A power spray may be used In ap- plying a five Percent DDT solution. Just as It is proving effective on the agricultural and industrial front. and as it saved lives o~ the war fronts, DD~ has started to con- tribute to the health of the home frmzt. The story of spraying for mosqulto~ against malaria is well k~owu. Painting door and window serums with a five ~t solution of DD~ In water or kerosene leaves an in- ssctlcldal residue that will kill ev- ery fly, mosquito, or other inaevt lighting there within the next asv- eral months, the U. S. department of aglfleultura reports. A five percent solution of DDT in kerosene sprayed on floors or over rugs al/minatsa the flea nubmnce. A hand sprayer is adequate. By spray. l~g deep into crack|, DDT will re- mein toxic to these lmmet~ for sev- oral w~Im. A t~m ~ powder applied to be dq nded to kinI own mr be mmeou m@e any them that have worked Io~ ~om the wall, at- ford ~esUmt breedl~| plans fo~ bedbup, eeek ae s, and dog ticks. DDT is sum death to them p~W. A hand spm~, beet d~ to the olm~l~, will md the 1~ a five I~mnt solution tn ~, down whom the in~ srs eeaeealed, or adm r, of 10 pe~mt ~owd~- may be uaed. Average Gtizen Answer to National Welfare Is sonslderable of opinion with ragerd to the atU- tude civilians will take during the n~xt few months. Their attitudes will largely determine whether we have a recession of several months' duration and the extent of the ~- covery from such a recession. One group thinks that in spite of lower Incomes, based on a shorter work week, civilians will have more lelaure and sI~nd more. Thls group would expect a brisk trade based on free spending. Im- portant s~ments of the federnl gov- ernment would seem to favor pol- Ictos that would lead to free spend- lag accempaaled by what might be termed co~trolled Inflation. The other group expects peoDle to be cautious and unwilling to Sl~md their accumulated savings. What will happen probably will be determined by the extent and premptnmm with which civilian industry absorbs the millions of men being dhmharged from war indastrios, those tempera. ally Idle, and the dlseharWed men from the armed servlees. The committee for economic de- ~elopment has issued a report which gives bn~fl~eM men's estimates of postwar markets for menufaetured goods. There estimates are opU- mistle. The committee points out that the postwar years can roughly be divided into three periods : first, short period of reconversion, which may last through 1946; second, from 1946 or early 1947, for a year of deferred orders, and the lest, period of self-sustaining. (Hote--.In Drew Pesr~oa's ab- zence, Herbert Bayard 3wope, long a student of ~rifi#b poltH- eal agMrso contrlbnt~ a ~ezt colmma on the new labor gov- ernment.) H ,BERT BAYARD SWOPE; Former Editor of the New Yorkl World and Puhlie Relations Adviserl te the Seoretary of War. NEW YORK.--The ce~sorvaMve defe~t in England is not so atrikingl a blow as some portray it. Unques- tionably, there will be a trend to- ward 8ocialls~tion, but I think that: this will be confined, at lea~t for the, next few years, to the natural me-', noplles--power, light, heat, tra~-. portatlon, communication (already' in the state's hands except for cables) and, of course, mining, steel, and the Bank of England. But much: of this has been on their ~trogmm for'~ the last 25 years. In fact, even the Lloyd George government gave support to the ba- sic plan. There wiU be a tre~d on the part of the radical movement in thls country to al~llate Itself with the British progTam. I think there will be efforts to ~in & wider and deeper assocts- tlon politically with Briiain and That " ham~nk~ ~n ~ right now. It wouldn't be m~la'istug: tf the Republicans wen gradually to, move t~,fl~is~t; es ~in~t the cen- servatimn of the southern demoeraoy. Univeuml War.Wearinem. In my readir~, it is a/meet s set- tied law of history that every coun- try en~aged in a w~r repudiates the lusder~p that broW~t its people into the war. We ~w that egempli- fled after World War L All the vie- torn were r~pu~--Wll~m In America, Lloyd George in ]~ritsln, Orlando in Italy, Cismene~u in Prmaee. And the l~ers, too: the Ho~e~uml~r~m. the Ha~mr~ an~ the ]z~mano~ Apparently a great wave of war- weariness overwhelmo all paople~ and they throw oat anyone remotely connected with the war. If that b~ true, It dialyses of any quostinn of military candidates. But there b~ small likelihood of that; AmerleL hu chosen a great military tigers really only once. That was Grant-- and hie presld~mcy was a stench. Attlee's cabinet Is a strong one and certainly as good as Churchill had. There Is an addttioo~l point, la connection with the English result, oa which I should like to expatiate for J~st a moment: We Wm~ ~ ~L~m is ~n ins/stent belief that the g~glish elsaU~c~ m definitely an indivaUon of how oars ere gelS. While. ~ly, the nm~t shows a t~mdency, in resli~ there is nothing to warrant the ~ that J~ is say morn than such a teaden~7.