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The Billings County Pioneer
Beach, North Dakota
September 20, 1945     The Billings County Pioneer
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September 20, 1945

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THE BILLINGS COUNTY PIONEER By Walter A. 8head, WNU Staff Correspondent A tqtal of 112,000 girls and young women, of which number 59 percent or approximately 66,100 come from small towns of 5,000 and under population, are enrolled in the nurses training courses sponsored by the United States Public Health Service of the Federal Security Agency. These girls are entrained in what is more commonly called the cadet nurses training corps and the erroneous impression has been largely fostered that they must enter the army and navy service upon graduation. This is untrue, however, since the law providing for the training of these nurses says they are trained for the armed forces, governmental and civilian hospital, health agencies, war industries and for other purposes, an whera the nur deride to practice is entirely voluntary on their purl They may decide to stay in civilian practice, or to go into the army or navy, but emphasis is placed upon the voluntary nature of their service. AS is the case In most war pro~- acts, particularly where money for operation comes from some other source, there is considerable con- faslon in the Public Health ~srvlce as this is written as to whether the governmental training of nurses un- der the act will continue. The law setting up the program provides that the act shall cease upon the date of termination of hos- tilities in the present war as deter- mined by the President or upon such earlier date as the congress, by concurrent resolution, or the President may designate. The student nurses already en- rolled in the program will be able to finish their courses because the law provides that all student nurses who were receiving training or course ninety days prior to end of hostili- ties or declaration by congress or the President may be graduated. No further enrollments are being accepted In t[~e cadet nurses' corps. Those with more than 90 days of training, as of V-J day, will be re- tained in their present hospital as- signments, until they have complet- ed the 30 to 36 months of training provided. A movement has been started in congress to have the life of the cadet nurses' corps continued during peace time Thousands to Graduate, Thirty thousand young women will become graduate nurses this fall as the new class prepares to enter the course and while the armed forces likely will urge these graduates to enter upon hospital duty within the services, it may be that the need elsewhere will be more urgent. At any rate, it will be optional with the graduate as to where they go. COSt of sending theSe nurses through a 24-month course is approx- imately $1250 to the government, so the cost of the training so far has been about $150,000,000. In addition, the government, with Lanham Act !funds from the Federal Works Agen- cy, has constructed some 280 new, projects, including buildings, l~ra~ tories and other equipment at ~a Coal: tO the government of $!7,~ ,~~ and to the private-hospitals .log $8,260,783. The new construction has provided facilities for'12,144 students. What will come of theSe new buildings when the emergency ~ends ,~U' not definitely I~een decided. .Li~ely they will be declare(lsurplus ,~len with pmfevence or l~i- orlty being given to the lnatitntin~ been the most reasonable In point of cost to the government. The public relatinns program is in charge of Mr~ ~Iean Henderson Mulcahy of Jacksenvllle, FIL, a former news. paper woman, who prior to her com- ing to Washington was for five years director of public relations for the Florida State Board of Health. The cadet nurse corps is one of the few organizations in the war which has been given an official flag and by action of Dr. Thomas Parran, Surgeon General, and ap- proved by Paul V. McNutt, Federal Security Administrator, the flag was ordered as a white rectangular field, with a white Maltese cross centered on a red oval superin~possd on a rectangle of gray and below the cross insignia the words "0adet Nurse Corps" in regimental red let- tering. The official flag is ordered dis- played at all induction ceremonies, graduation exercises, parades and at such other times as authorized by the Surgeon General. Providence Was First. The first hospital In the United States to be approved for installa- tion of a cadet nurse corps was Providence Hospital in Washington, D. C. the second being Johns Hop- kins in Baltimore. According to Mrs. Mulcahy, the Providence Hospital corps Is one of the model organizations in the coun- try and under the direction of Sister Rlta, superintendent of nurses there for the past 12 years, the cadet corps has been integrated with the five-year university course which was also inaugurated by Sister Rita several years ago. In other words, at Providence most applicants for cadet nume training are selected from among girls who have had al~ least two years' college or university education and when they graduate they not only receive the coveted "RN" or registered nuree L degree, but they recaiva a bachelor of science degree from Catholic University of America, with which the hospital has affiliated foe* the course. Out of the more than 165 girls in the class at Providence, 107 are college girls. Sister ~tita explains that out of an avalanche of applications, she was able to make careful selection of girls with college training, that they make better students and that as a result of this careful selection Prov- Idence Hospital has had no dlsel. plinary problemd' such as has been true in other hospitals where such care was not exercised in tha ~l~t- ties of applicants. It may be that the experience war properties and, be disposed of with the cadet nurse corps at Provi- thre~gh the ReconstruCtion Finance dance will mark a turning point in the training of nurse~ throughout what~ they are eon,~-ucte~ i#w, h'L Oeve, m e.t pays h .: l~t~ie~.w~llOh, ha. Inaugurated a nureee' training couree under the piq~,lstu~S .Of. the. age, for maletenanee, male, laundry and ~m~s and fer Indoor and ,out. door 'Uniforms, text books and ;0thtr fee~ Also, the government I~YS the hel!pltals, whioh in turn pay th~ 9|r11 1 $16 ~r nl~nth for the first nine months and ~20 per month for ths naxt fifteen months, or until their tl~lning Is completed. Whsre tha ~ourse runs more than two yasra~ girls get $~0 par month for the last elx months. Cost of maintenance avera94s approximately ~q5 to ~ per month for each girl. At the present time the publlo health service has approved 1 t10 nurses' training ~hools out of a poe- sibls 1250 schools in 6500 hos- pitals in the United 8tstee. And, according to records of the pub- lic health service, about 80 per cent of the nurMng servl e in hospitals where such training schools are In progress gross for post-graduate courses for gradu- ate nurses to become supervisors or teachers and approximately 20,000 have been enrolled in these courses which are short, lasting up to aP- V~oximately six monthS. According to Information here, the ~e~mitment of nurses for these the country, since Sister Rlta is planning to abandon the ordinary three-year nurses' training course which has .heen in vogue at most nurse training schools, in favor of the longer cour~ and a college science degree, Although tha law provides for an Insignia which may be worn on both Indoor and' outdoor unfform~ the students at Providence wear the same uniforms as students in regu- lar training without insignia, and there is no distinction whatever made either in their training or in the treatment they receive by the hospital. And fe~v if any of the cadet nurses at this school wear their outdoor uniforms to make them distinctive from the other girls in a total training school of 290 girls. Large Urban Isu. In recrnltment of the cadet nurses. according to" public health service records, 40 per cent come from towns and rural communitiss of less than 2500 population. An additional 19 per cent come from towns of less than 5000 and only 9 per cent come from the large metropolitan citieS. MrS. Muleahy explained this tin. ust;al proportion of trainees frem the small towns In the fact that par- from the cadet nurse students, ants felt that their daughters would The course also makes prevision be sheltered in proper environments, that many of them had not bseu away from their home town com- munities and that they felt safer and more secure In permitting their entrance In the cadet nurse corps, both as a patriotic move and as a security for their future. There has been little complaint coarses has been one of the most Incident to this important training Early congressional conaideraticm rationingf rbythetheendend fof practicallYthe ye .a~? ~flll be given to the exts~den of so- J'Ob. security. With the war out of body, not even OPA, like~, utm j , the way the new groups of the popu- and govexnment claims to be a~x lous tation for which benefits are propos- only to continue some kind of con- ed will get a hearing. l~per~ on CaplrDl Hill now are pretty definite in their forecasts for a redt~t/ m of income ta~es on 1946 /neom~.This probably will come in the form of a ~meral reduction of about 20 per cent of tax for all in- come groups trois over.t hess products which are extremely scarce and might offer fertile fields for black market opera- tinny. @ @ surplus property handling machin- ery Is scheduled for an ove.~ is the entire mae.blneryo~ ~ov~-sw ,-u- meat for ~ matter. course to provide additional nurses during the emergency, particularly' from the girls themselves. Most complaint, Mrs. Mulcahy remarked, comes from parents who believe the girls should have the same pay as privates in the army, $50 per month ; that the girls are not subject to veterans' benefits and that they are not entitled to free mail. To offset these, however, it is pointed out that the ~Irls are re- ceiving training for a life work at the expense of their government and that despite need for nurses in the armed forces, they are still free agents to practice when and wher~ they will, or to not practice at all if they should so desire, if the~ marry, or for any other ason. Farm Indebtedness Is Cut 25 Per Cent In Past Five Years Farmers are using their larger In- comes wisely in reducing their in. debtedness. Many have paid off all their mortgages and others have re- duced their obligations far more rapidly than their schedule of pay- ments required. The total mortgage indebtedness on farms has declined at least 25 per cent during the last five years. Farmers are much bet- ter prepared financially to meet the readJnstmente that may be neces- sery. In another way farmers are act- ing wisely In order to avoid heavy losses later. They are trying to keep prices of farms from sky-rocketing as land did in 1919 and 1920, only to be followed by a collapse which was a heavy burden for many years. The danger is not yet past, for farms are being sold in many cases over 50 per cent higher than in pre- war times. The situation is becom- ing a little better now and the ~rospecte are more promising. Merchants and business men in rural communities and smaller towns are preparing to meet changed eon- ditions for their prosperity is so closely tied up with that of the farmers. Conditions for them are very good, as indicated by the rise of bank deposits in agricultural re- gions, by higher retail sales and increased consumer demand for both goods and servlesa. Merchants are trying hard to get the goods for which the demand is so large. The good Judgment and wise man- agement which has already success- fully accomplished so much will help not only the farmers, but also the entire country during the postwar period. We are ready to face what- ever comes. Much has been done and even more is going to be ac- complished to make the future as prosperous as possible. There has been some unemployment due to closing down of plants engaged in tha manufacture of war materlal. Good Start Made In Major Job Of Reconversion Reconversion --- and all that it { entails between now and this timer next year presents a black picture, if one listens to the predictions of, some ~oVernment and labor lead- ers, The reconversion picture from the viewpoint of business and in- dustry Is not so darkly shaded and a spirit Of optimism prevails with- in the ranks of industry In most localities throughout the nation. Insofar as government Is con- corned we are, almost still unpre- pared for peace, Although the full- time employment bill was intro- duced last January with urgent recommendations from the late President Roosevelt that it be enacted into law and later urging by Preslden~, Truman . . . the bill still rests in a senate ;plgeonh01e. And, although there are many ram- lflcations to the question "of recon- version from war to a peace-time economy, the problem of unemploy- ment, of lower wages, if only for s short temporary period is predicted wilt slash the national income from approximately 162 billions as of now to around 112 billions annually as of January 1, 1946. And it is un- employment, the human side of re- couversion, which will cause the most suffering. But looking at the picture as peslmlstlcaily as one can, it is a, far cry from a national income of, 112 billions to around fifty billions which was the nation's income dur- Ing the depression years in the mid- thirties. It is s harsh paradox to witness a nation which has won the greatest mllltar~ victory in history and accomplished the most prodigi- ous production miracle in the an- nals of man, throw up Its hands and predict an army of eight mil- lion unemployed by ne~t Spring with the government doing nothlngl about it. ' Chairman Krug of the War Pro- ductlon board in a statement short-~ ly after the peace emphasized that the actual ~ob of reconversion will be handled by private industry with pretty much of s hands-off pollcy~ by the government The govern- meat's part he said, will be to hold down inflation. Well, according to the best in- formed persons here in Washing- ~on. that is not enough for govern- ment to do. And the record of priv- ate industry even in the most lush production year Jn the nation's his- tory has shown that private indus. try alene IS unequal to the task. Kathleen Norris Says: What A Veteran Wants Bell Syndicate ---WNO Features. I [llll 0 "When she "met us I began to say whm Pd planned, "I'm ~orry. I've always been sorryl" Then ms were crying on each other's shoulder." By KATHLEEN NORRIS ERE is a letter from a G. I. Joe who finds him- self stationed in north- era Germany. He comes from a small American town, and he wants to get back to it. Ger- man frauleins don't interest him, nor Germany's devastated cities; he doesn't like the lan- guage and he is tired, after three years, of army food. * "I'm 22, and I'm going to take an engineering course af- ter the war," he writes. "Boy, I can't wait to get going. All that has kept me sane through these years is the thought of home and the family. I have some family. I have three sis- ters, one married with three kids, and one brother, who has two little boys. My grandma is living, and she and one of my aunts li~e with us and help Morn with the housekeeping. My youngest sister is going to marry her captain at Christ- mas; the middle one was mar. ried last July. "You'd never look twice at our house, though it stands back under big trees and ha~ a lot of space around it for barns and fences and Pop's chickens and the windmill. But [ the Tuiileries don't look any better tome. What Food, What Fun! ~Saturdays--yum, yum, yum--does cooking go on in that housel Fried chicken and *straWberry shortcake-- and Morn with a big apron on, and ~he grandchildren falling ~round un- der everyone's feet, and maybe Pete --that's my older brother-in-law b~g in a sugar-cured ham--he raises hogs out in the country. The BACK TO DEAR OLD WAYS Most soldiers don't go crazy, or develop strange desires while the,/ ~e ,d, road. They j~t want to get back to the li[e they used to know. It wasn't per]oct, but it satisfied them pretty well. Nothing they have seen in Europe or the Orient has really changed their tastes or longings. The soldie~ whose letter up. pears in this issue just wants to get back to his ]arm home, to his [am~ly and ~riends and sweetheart. The memory o[ the simple pleasures, the hearty and delectable ~ood, the m~ny joyous associations are ell that kept him sm~e in faraway Ger- many, he writes. The German girls don't appeal to him, do the [oreign language and customs. In short, he ~ust wants to get back home, and pick up where he left off. He is 22, which b aiU young enough to start afresh, so he intends to study engineering. This young m~n is no doubt a typical serviceman. Although saddened and weary alter his harsh experiences, he is not bit. ter or disgruntled. He is ready to slip back into the old grooves as soon ~s he is dis. charged. Most wives, sweet. hearts and mothers who hw/e kids put on a play, or we have games at the table--my girl comes over which the whole world's s~fetY rests.'; with her brother and we play tennis In Just so much as you can make it on the municipal courts--we all go normal, haPlry, ~ffeetim~te, free~ swimming after dinner and when we from quarreling, debt, worry, YOU come home something ~ to eat ishelp to cure your son of the effests of c~ the table with a message from these years of'insan/ty, Morn: "don't make any noise and A Sldmdid Girt. wake Dad." ~cing of wl~t to send Year4 "rhe fellows out here," the letter fc~ his blrthds~," writes a young wife, goes on, "who come from homes like from Memphis. "~ made up my mind that, homes with lots of ~ that better than any tangible thing and cookin~ and 6~d timssin would be the news th~ his mother cousins coming and going, sisters and l were friendly. With his father tryin~ to get Mom's att4mtio~-- I've ~lw~ys been on good terms, but they're the ones that are seining tn all the five years of our marriage back rune. Evet'y little custom--eve I'd never spoken to hk mother be- ery mmociation with home is dear to cause of it message she sent me by us now; we compare ~al~hots, we Yeats when wb were ez~tt~L restriCting of letters A~e~eh other. ~f ~ our three small bo~, all ome nights thi'ee felloWS and I set clean and fresh, and went boldly to pencils and tablets and draw di&- granm of Main Street, or the farm--- the way the trees and the houmm stand. Nothing else counts--these girls over here don't mean anything to us--nothing means anything, ex- cept that if we stick this out and see it through, we~ get back, and the ~olk~ won't be ashamed of us," my father-in-htw's house. When she met us I began to ss7 what I'd plan- ned, 'I'm sorry. I~ve always been sorry.' Then we were crying on each other's shoulders, and after tlmt we sent Yeats what he called the finest present anyone ever received--Just the news that we were friends, "rm happier than I~e ever been in my life, and so is she. And when There is a letter to put heart Into Yeats comes home Iql feel ashamed any woman whose Job of running the at his happiness. So it's a gain all house and somehow providing meals 'rotmd.'" for the family sometimes seems rou- Some other woman, reading this, fine and dull to her. "The fellows might think up a shnflar gift for who come from real homes are com- husband or ~ng back sane," says Joe. of others aren't. Lots of oth- The controls on building are be- ers are never going to find that cure lng lifted fast and it may soon be of love and home life. Just to find possible to locate a carpenter who M o m c o o k I n g the remembered lsnt making a living in some line doughnuts, to hear Dad mUdly ouu- that has nothing to dO with ham- lag u he washes the car, to have a mere and nails. pretty cousin turn up with tennis rackets or to sit with a small ap- preciative nephew in his lap, listen- Three, and a half million radio wide-eyt~] to war storles--~ scts are promised by January 1. We these things there is healing, sincerely hope that all brakes on the Ffealing for yonr boy, and healing ear plugs Industry will be lifted for t~e world. Home is the unit of also. "~r~l ~ ~.d ~rry Napkins Were Decorations Before the era of forks---and be- fore the era of napkins--bread was used as the approved something on which to wlpe your fingers. You car- ried your o.~n. nkpkins to the ban- quets and iflnner parties to which you were invited, when napkins were finally used. This was during the Roman period. By the time o~ Charles H napkins sad a~sumed a purely decorative role and a hoste~ who who expected to be in the socla] swim dressed up her dinner tabl~ with n~pkins, folded in fancy shape~ yOUR correspondent is not among those who see only greatness in the past history of sport. All games advance when greater numbers of players take part and improved methods are utilized in training and competition. But when we read and hear that the new golden age of sport, due to follow in the pestwar boom, will far surpass the golden age that came after World War I, an immediate d/cagreement is hereby entered. This doesn't concern the greater crowds that will undoubtedly pay out more cash in sport's coming boom, but it does concern the qu~llty of the talent the next few years will bring along. Suppose we look over a few names that featured our headlines some twenty or twenty-five years ago-- Baseball --~abe Ruth, Rogers Hornsby. The Ring ---Jack Dempsey, Gene Tunney. Golf~Bobby Jones, Gene Sarasen. (Hagen got an earlier start, but he was still a big part of the show.) Polo---Tommy Hitchcock. Racing--Man o' War. Football -- Knute Rockne --- Red Grange--the Four Horsemen. Tennis -- Bill Tilden, Little Bill ~ohnston. What chance has the next decade to surpass this list in skill, color and crowd appeal? It might hap- pen, of course, but the odds are the other way. Such present day stars as Joe Louis, Billy Corm and Byron Nelson were at or around the top some time before World War II started, and so can hardly be classed as members of the new "golden age'" group who are supposed to outclass the names we have mentioned. WHO CAN EQUAL THESE? Will any ball players come along to pass Babe Ruth's home run rec- ord to pack ball parks that had, In many places, been drawing from 800 to 1200 spectators? WIll any ball player come along to average above .400 for four consecutive years, as Horasby did? Will any golfer come along to equal Bobby Jones grand slam, or hold the high average Gene Sarazen has carried for twenty-four seasons? Will a better polo player than Tommy Hitchcock report, or & greater tennis player than Bill Til- den? Or what new heavyweight will take over the show who has the ring appeal that Jack Dempsey knew in his seven years reign? All In all that bunch of old-timers will be hard to outclass as we lOok at the picture. @ @ The new golden age will first have to depend largely upon stars estab- lished before Germany and Japan decided to split the world like an apple and not even leave a core This would have to include such well known names as Joe Louis, Byron Nelson, Ted Williams, Bob Feller and a few others. After this we get a long list from baseball and football stars on the pro aide who were called by Army and Navy when they were barely starting their invasions of fame's kingdom. 8TARS AMONG VETERAN8 In spite of valuable years they have lost on the field, many of these ~lll return and scrap their way into coming headlines. But the majority of the new stars will have to come from the millions of kids now under eighteen, plus the roll.all from soma . 11,000,000 servicemen who have been taught many games they never had the chants to know before at elesa range. There is no doubt thn fact that the general averag~ of skill will moon be well abova the average we knew twenty years ago. And that is what counts heavily. There will bs new recurds---espselally in distance races as we go out after the flying Swedes. We will hav~ a far greater num- ber of participants, alse deeply lm- pertant, in every sperL And these will all play to re:ord-breaklng crowds, as Belmont showed the way last week with its~ 5~;000 human sardines hurling well over $4,000,000 into the mutuel's maws. There will be a far greater mamt of competitors to call upon. But that first golden age is still some- thing to outclass---Ruth, Dempsoy, Jones, Tilden, Man o' War, Grange, Hitchogck and the others mentioned. For in addition to their skill and power they also had incredible flares of color and crowd appeal. In the main their names were known around the world. In addition to Louis and Nelson, Williams and Feller, the new golden age should lay claim to the Army and Navy football teams of 1945. The two great squads directed by Red Blaik and Swede Hagberg have the chance to be rated among the best any colleges have ever known --including Notre I)ame, Minnesota, Michigan and Southern Cali~ornla. Unfortunately they haven't the competition known before the war, but this isn't their fault. Whatever happens, the next few years in sport will be something to watch an(I follow, possibly the most interest- ing decade that any crowds have ever known. THE ONE TOP MAN We have often heard various flights of oratory about the best ball player or the most valuable ball player through the war era. Many names have been mentioned, including those who were not called to war service, for various and official reasons which in no sense reflect upon the ball player. But when you complete your ex- cavations and get down to what is technically known as rock bottom, there ts only one answer. His name iis Hal Newhouser, the willowy left: ,bander of Detroit's Tigers whu w~ 29 bail games last season.'