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October 11, 1945     The Billings County Pioneer
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October 11, 1945
 

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Out on strike of elevator operators' union in New York, girls picket Empire State building. As a result of walkout, thousands of workers were forced to toil up flights of staircases to reach offices. JAPAN: Economic Checkup To Gem Douglas MacArthur went the task of supervising the economic reformation of Ja- pan as a part of the U. S. program to de- stroy Nippon's war- making potential and promote wide- 'spread opportunity in a nation formerly great busineaa conference with farm bureau repre- sentatives in Washington, D. C An- derson also raised the possibility of imposing marketing quotas to re- strict the heavy output of certain crops. At the same time, Secretary An- derson joined President Truman in assuring the farm bureau men that the government would back its com- mitment to support commodity prices at not less than 90 per cent of parity for two years after .the official end of the war. VETS: cil of foreign ministers meeting in London to map postwar Europe moved for adjournment, with possi- bilities that the creation of peace treaties with former axis satellites may be directly negotiated between the U. S Britain and Russia. The magnitude of the task of rec- onciling the conflicting interests of the Allied powers in the European theater was reflected in the difficulty of disposing of pre-war Italian col- onies and strategic islands of the Mediterranean; reshaping the Ital- ian-Yugoslav border; drawing up peace treaties for the Russian dom- inated Balkans, and internationali- zation of the vital waterways. While the foreign ministers of the Big Five were scheduled to reas- semble in November to "receive the recommendations of their deputies on settlement of the thorny issues, flR~uian opposltlon to French and Chlne~ participation In the Congress may slumber on the re- organization report for yet a little, but when Washington wakes to the real significance of this 10-page, mimeographed document it will find between the lines much upon which to ponder. (Maybe that is why it was double-spaced.) To me, this is a three-in-one in- strument-just as its author, Henry Wallace, revealed himself as a three-in-one personality when I called on him just before the pub- lication of his program, his first ap- proach to the governmental lime- light since the change in adminis- tration. The report on what Mr. Wallace in his capacity as secretary of com- merce hopes will mean the revitaliz- ing and expanding of his depart- ment, envisions the metamorphosis o/.that .ttrr, gt0 tent institution into a vigorous and human organization which will rnch 3r, as I suggested earlier, many a strand from "Sixty Million Jobs" may be discovered in the warp and woof of the department reorganiza- tion plan. As the conversation moved from book to report and back to book again, never getting far from the theme of full employment, I thought I could make out an ectoplasmic form arising from what had been up until then my two-part, author- secretary host. The third being, al- though not yet completely mate rialized, little by little became translucently visible to the naked eye. This party of the third part I thought I recognized as Henry Wal- lace, presidential candidate (1948 or at least 1952). Perhaps I would not have believed my eyes if it had not been for a statement which a stout supporter of Mr. Wallace had made to me: " 'Sixty Million Jobs' comes pretty Zhukov was blazing mad over the Time magazine picture. He had just come from seeing the Russian com- mander who had demanded: "What are you going to do about this?" "Nothing," replied Eisenhow- er. "What! You let the American press make mockery of the mar- shal?" exclaimed Zhukov. "Tlutt's what we fought the war for--the right to criticize, the right for people to say what they please," said Eizenhower. Eisenhower went on to explain to the Russian that because one news- paper or magazine published a pic- ture of Stalin, it did not reflect the sentiment of either the Amer- ican government or the American people, and that the American gov- crmmmv mpmbua r mlbea'llom censoring the press on mattere of kind. "IA 1 11 Idli~ ; (.; v ,~ t " u ,-, of these politically influential insti- tutions with their grip over banking, industry and commerce. Policies will be pushed for a wider distribu- tion of income and ownership of productive and sates facilities, and encouragement given for the devel- opment of democratic labor and agricultural organizations. In stripping Japan of its war- making potential, the U. S. will pro- hibit the operation of industries adaptable to war production. As in with 12 points or 3o years ol aSc. [ quired to take union membership in regainmg his old posilion, since the law makes no provision for such conditions as a basis for his re.em- ployment. In handmg down its ruling on vet job rights, drdt oflicials directly clashed with lie unions, which tlave stood for the rehiring of soldiers on a seniority basis, but opposed their re-employment in preference to oth- the ease of Germany, manufacture ers witt~ longer working records at of aircraft is to be prohibited and l affected plants sh pping is to be limited to immedi- atetrade needs. U. S. authorities LABOR: also .ills w" supervise Javanese indus- r~ rr~. . trial research. - I f'ltel. Inreat As MacArthur's staff undertook Secretary Lewis Sehwellenbach's an accounting of Japanese assets as I new streamlined labor department I'Ib~r ivc~r'~s*~ a t ~= te~t o'~ {e el-ox,at llfb nFst Me'p lff uf6 m'H.Jte~t*etmt : " }'~ u- :~ ~,<.' ,- Joseph W. Frazer (left) and Henry Kaiser. W, Frazer, president of Graham- Paige, will act in the same offi- cial capacity in the new company to be called the Kaiser-Frazer cor- poration, and Graham- Paige will share in a 250,000 purchase of stock valued at $5,000,000 in the new firm. Indicative of the cost of establish- ing a modern mass-production auto- mobile factory, Kaiser-Frazer will i mvest $1 5,000,000 to be received from total private and public stock sales as follows: $2,000,000 for ma- chinery and equipment; $1,75fi,000 for tools, dies, jigs and fixtures; $1,- 500,000 prepaid expenses; $1,750,000 deferred charges, and $8,028,800 for o+e.~e r.= 1 .e.ct~w~r~t ~ ,~j tr,~+l ~.e,t (ew.~ '::'~ :j'~,/e~w,~ J.b%~tez +.~k or- ~a./.+w:iliato."s +~ 'at !o brag about dered Premier Higashi-Kuni's gov-settlement of ',he CIO oil workers' ernment to institute immediate wage demands for a 30 per cent wage tn- and price controls and ration com- crease before a growing strike threat modities to head off extreme priva- imperiled the nation's fuel supply. tion among the country's 80,000,- Early negotiations were snagged 000 people, by the union's demand that discus- With Japanese experts figuring it sions be held on an industry-wide would take Nippon from two to five basis and the companies' equal in- AY% I/C'ffOM g:" Future Use While congress worked up steam over the future of the atomic bomb, Pres, Harry S. Truman disclosed that the lawmakers would be given full responsibility for the control of the devastating explosive, years to get back on its feet, they proposed that the U. S. sell the coun- try 280 million pounds of cotton with- in the next year in addition to 80 mil- lion pounds.of wool; 3 million tons of rice; 2 million tons of salt; 500 thou- sand tons of suga~ ; 3 million barrels of oil, and $ million tons of steel. i, TRRK To Curb Output Declaring comrncu~ity pro.ruction goals should t'ellect consumer de- mand rather than maxirttum ab+li- ty far output, Secretary of Agricui+ Sure Clinton Anderson indicated ~at the govermnenVs 194~ farm pro- gram may call for smaller harvests in view o~ de'creases "mmt~--~ao ] clviltan need I In making h/s views tmowa in a l sistence that agreements be effect- Mr. Truman's decision to submit ed by individual refineries. In ask- the issue to congress came as Rep- ing a 30 per cent wage increase, ! resentative Arends (Rep Ill.) told the oil workers reflected the general I the house that he had learned that CIO aim of maintaining wm, time-an even more destructive missile "take-home" pay by bringing 40. than the one which razed Hiroshima hour-per-week wages up to the total i had been developed. Calling upon of the former 52-hour week. [ the government to establish s scl- f .O~r .+.labor+ trouble fl0.000[ entlfic board to devise s defensiv, northwest Ab'i. himber worker~ itruek to pres~ h~mand~ for a $I,I0 hourly mmim~ ~ ~ compared with ~e present scal( a+~ging ~t0ward from 70 cents, whil. iiO00 Al"l, elevator operators and ){ii{di/l~ servtee em- ployees pa,:aty-ed ser,qce iu over 2,(K)0 New ',L k ~kyserapers By ~.alking out it~ >~(.~c's ,f a War ga+ weapon against th~ atomic bomb, hrends sa}d one sueb explosive could kill millions of city-dwellers, Meanwhile, Senator Downey (Dem+, Calif,) asked tha~ the U, S. tm+n over the ato+ntc bomb to the United Nat~on+ organization so that general po++esuion would lessen the chances of its military development +a,~-~.~a'++ va~ ++ .++f %:)e 0.5.~~r a 44- while at the :~ame time encotn~in~t h'o~ur Week Inlteidof th"r;'l~10.1$ a~lkhl furt~r,lellltfllt research for tll;/ for tO hours. I adaptatio, to peac ul age. | j at V-E Day. By a series of calcula- tions we arrived at the figure of 40 million dollars. Since the commerce department spent about 121 million dollars last year, Mr. Wallace's changes would make a total cost for his revitalized department of 161 million dollars. Those who cry economy will shudder at that figure but they will hear this answer: If business, big and little, wants help similar ~o that which agriculture demands and gets it will cost something. The depart- ment of a RrieuRure cost approxi- mately 769 million dollars to run last year, and the farmers wouldn't want it to do less. There will also be another explan- ation of the figures which will at. tempt to show that part of the ex- :)ansion of the reorgamzed depart+ I mezn Is' reauy corl~r'aeuOn, ann tnt~t brings us to the second integer o! the three-in-one composition of Mr. Wallace's plan. The plan is more than a blueprint for changes in a single governmental Institution. It Is definitely a part of President Tru- man's reorganization plan which tt is fair to assume would bring back under the commerce rooftree the book, "Sl~ty Million Job~,+' and men. tion of that brings rne to an ex:- amination <)f Mr, Wallace himself I said that like the p~oRram of re organization for hi~ department, Mr Wallace .~eemed tripurtitent to me, When I called upon him+ he came down the gr++aL cavernous room which i[erbert HooVes+ plan+mad for about a little table that made a hos- [ the Saturday Review of Literature, agreeing with the Times, adds that, "more titan any recent work on economics or politics, it can serve as a moral testament and intel- lectual guide in the eventful, diffi- cult days ahead." The work appeared first tn a busi- ness-letter-sheet size with paper cover; it followed in orthodox book form. Later the author hopes, he told me, that it will be printed in a cheap, pocket-size edition. When Mr. Wallace said that I thought I caught his ectoplasmic ~t~p~dt" noadfhg " capri'arid approval" while ghostly lips formed the words, "for every voter's pocket." Much water will pass beneath the Potomac bridges between now and 1948 or 1952. We have with us at nresent a conservative cx)~.re~,~a the political vetei+ar~s say that r~r) matter which way the wind may blow abroad, it is blowing to the right on Capitol hill and, they add hopefully, perhaps not too leftward at the other end of Pennsylvania avenue. Secretary - author - candidate Wal- lace's full employment program re- quires much more legislation than the full employment bill. That Is only the first step. The expansion snd re-orientation of his and other departments will be required. Then there will be special taxation; there will be at least the blue-printing of public works; thero will have to be a settled policy providing for foreign a~d o~her ~tlmltl~[~t~ oi3 wor!d trade) arid t(mri~t traffic ]f a too eot+servatiye eongves+ did ~;ot grant the lYlllIilF{ltlll legislative impievl~enta~;ion, the +Si~.ty Milltott Jo'ol+" {)tin cmlld 1.4 be ++arried OUt, +i~r~at, nowe','er, Mc WaMac+++ atip porteil tnlist, will simply m~ke 60 +~}iil~ot+ p~+oDie who Waitt jobs, pJut who b Uev oan P+ I e IL; al;)point him," Truman then explained that it was better to leave Patterson lit the war department to replace Stlmson as secretary of war. "One of the things that distm'bed me about your appointment.+' Tru-. man continued, "was the probable clairq that I might be playmg poIt+ tics in order to get a Dclnocratic scnator frorn Ohio." (T*uman had in mind the fact that Governor gausche of Ohio, a Democrat, now cart appoint a Democratic senator to replace B.urtw,~ a t~.g a+hk~)~.a. ,?, "So I talked it over with AIhen Barkley," Truman explained, "and he advised that if I was convinced you were the right man. I should appoint you and let political conse- quences go hang.*' NT{tlN++Tranial~ had pt(+keii up ~,~,i~l# '- rillrxie'y at Paducah, Ky the evening before and flown him back to Washington tn his special plane, at which time they had conferred regarding ihe Burton appointment. Trt~ man. Incldentally, seema to be lean/rig more and more on s~ge, experlenced Barkley for advice, CAP|TAL CHAFF . President Truman still keeps up his rapid-fire early-morning ap0oint~ merit pars. seen as many as 15 viii- tots before lunch~ Greek Publisher Basil Vlavianos visited Truman tha other day. caught him sneaklng li @ r~lto A new breath o tresh liv In t!~e tiva~ ot Chicag,~+ ~im~il{ant p++~+t+t+~+, +e~" +el er M. ~it M~nitoriai iib~ary at !tyd~ Park }~mve do~lbIed ~ioc~ th*a Java Pratt-+ d@~Tlt'l d+'a~Jt MI~+ Roo~e~fl~ gdVt+ +ta.ci+ a-,t A.t~+ ~, ,~A+ +~,+.~,t++a+,~t ,- m~ + + i dren. i.