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The Billings County Pioneer
Beach, North Dakota
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October 13, 1960     The Billings County Pioneer
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October 13, 1960
 

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BILLINGS COUNTY P'ONFFIt Do We Spend Too Much On Veterans? "Is the veterans who got out of srvice unscathed entitled to a life-time of help that is denied to nonvets?" This question is posed m a copyrighted article in the current issue of Changing Times, the Kip- linger Magazine. which charges that although benefits for vet- erans wounded or killed in serv- ice have done their job well. benefits for GI's with nonserv- ice-c o n n e c t e d ills are shot through with abuses, loopholes and inequities. The cost to the taxpayers, the magazine notes. is an average of $125 a year per benefits to them or their surviv- ors. 4. The veteran who incurs no injury but whose normal life was disrupted by war deserves help to gain the status he might have reached had he not serv- ed his country. Generous read- justment benefits have furnish- ed this aid for World War II and Korean vets. "Temporary" benefits that still linger on. such as low-interest home 1stans and job preference over nonvets should be eliminated. 5. Having provided these read- justment benefits, the govern- ment should then treat the vet- erans who went through war unharmed as it does all other citizens. There is little justifi- cation for pensions, free hospital care, burial expenses and other benefits for veterans with non- service-connected disabilities. To prevent undue hardship, how- ever, pensions and other benefits should be withdrawn gradually. 6. At the least, new appli- cants with civilian-type ail- ments should be forced to prove their financial need in order to enter a veterans' hospital. Or beds not used by veterans wound- ed m service might be thrown open to all people who can't af- ford private care, veteran or nonvet. TI~e magazine predicts, how- ever. that little or no action will be taken an any of these recom- mendations tcnless "'e n o u g h peol=le become aroused enough to squawk." stocks, as set by county boards, has been raised in several North Dakota cities by the state Board of Equalization, The valuation is for 1960 per- sonal property purposes. The Equalizanon Board also fixed valuations of personal property in the state although most of the averages and valua- tions have not been computed yet. Cities receiving increases in- :lude Fargo, 14 per cent; Man- :lan. 8 per cent: Grand Forks, 3evils Lake and Grafton, 5 per :ent ;Minot. 4 per cent; and iralley City, 3 per cent. Here are the valuations set for ;even of the major cities. Com- )arm-m valuations for 1959 are ;hown also. 1960 figures first. Fargo, $3,706,943 and $3,785,- |68: Minot, $2,674,159 compared o $2,594,260: Grand Forks. $2,- 93.019 and $2,198,702: Devils Lake. $835,618 and $851,636; Val- ey City, $794,861 and $735,380; ~andan. $572.511 and $569,310; Gratton. $458,d82 and $471,5~5. Fifty per cent of the valuation is subject to taxation. Merchants pay personal property taxes on one-half of the figures shown for each city, each according to his own retail stock inventory. The Board of Equalization will rpeet again later this fall to determine state tax levies for the Korean bonus and general funds. [] A 1 1 grasshopper insecticides have specific wait;ha periods. With smad grain crops, including fl~x and ,soybeans, for grain only, watt 5 days for aldrin. 7 for diel- dr:n .mJ toxaphene. If straw a~ to be used, watt 35 to 4U days. Mc~ flowering house plants will outgrow their pots within a year. Foliage plants often can be kept in the same pot for 2 years - succulents and cacti even longer. family. The article states that many authorities on veterans' affairs wonder whether most benefits for veterans who suffered no injury in service still belong in the law at all. Almost every bill on veterans' benefits that clears Congress bears the imprint of the veterans' lobby the national veterans' or- ganizations, according to the magazine, even though the lobby speaks for only a minority of former servicemen Out of 22.- 500,000 veterans, only 4,000.000 be- long to a veterans' group. And the editors f o u n d considerable question as to whether the lobby reflects the true feelings of the members themselves. But Congress, the article states. prodded by these organizations, has accepted the proposition that the man who serves makes a great and unique sacrifice that hampers his career forever. while the man who stays at home forges ahead. Citing a 1956 survey of veter- ans made by a presidential corrf- mission headed by General Omar Bradley, the magazine points out the veterans as a whole are bet- ter off than nonvets. Their aver- abe income is higher. A larger proportion hold professional and technical jobs. World War II vets, on the average, had far more schooling than nonvets. Many of these advantages stem from read- justment benefits. Even so. the article notes, taxpayers have shelled out 85 billion dollars for veterans of the last three wars, mostly in the last 15 years. Right now, benefits are pouring out at the rate of five and a half billion dollars annually. That means that $1 of every $15 spent by the federal government is ladled out for veterans. But that's only the beginning, according to the editors. "Their impact on the taxpayer has sc- arcely begun. Only 7 percent of our veteran# are 65 .or older, the age at which they crowd on- to pension rolls. But as the years go by, more and more will col- lect pensions, ask for free hos- pital care, or enter old-soldiers' homes. "Only a fraction were disabl- ed in war. about one in eleven. The number will n a t u r a 1 1 y dwindle over the years. Surviv- ors of men killed in war will decline, too. Thus, compensation payments to these veterans and their survivors should diminish. "It is estimated that those pay- ments will gradually go down from $2.1 billion this year to $1.2 billion by the end of the century. But pension costs are expected to climb from $1.7 billion this year to $2.7 billion in 1980, and by 1995 roughly 4,000,000 vets and survivors will be collecting nearly four billion dollars a year." Few people would begrudge benefits to veterans disabled dur- ing military service, and no one would deny generous compen- sation to widows and ehildrens of those veterans who died in, war, the editors point out. How- ever, a hard look at veterans programs now on the books rais- ed the question of whether or not the other benefits afforded the veterans who left the service in good health--pensions, hos- pital care, burial costs and so on--should be revised. The art- icle notes that these are the programs that are most criticiz- ed and will prove most costly in the long run. To find out how the costly and outmoded structure of benefits can be revised, Changing Times consulted dozens of legislators, government officials lobbyists, political scientists and other ex- perts on veterans' affairs. The editors found that although they don't see eye-to-eye on all de- tails, most authorities agree that the first step is to establish a clear national philosophy on veterans' benefits to replace the hodgepodge built up piecemeal over nearly two centuries. In summary, the magazine re- ports the experts endorse the following principles: 1. People lucky enough to live in this country have a duty to defend it in time of danger. Thus, wearing a uni;orm does not in it- self entitle the wearer to special privileges. 2. Military service does gen- erally entail some sacrifice. Vet- erans' benefits are one way of equalizing the burden of war between those who serve and Area Library project under the direction of State Library Commission Bismarck, North Dakota !III The state demonstration bookmobile is shown against the back- ground of the Badlands Buttes in Medora. Pony express rider Joe Niece of Beach visits his mall run from Wlbaux, Mont. Mrs. Margaret the mobile library on the historic occasion of Stay, driver-librarian, hands him a bag of books. A bookmobile visit to an isolated farm is an exciting occasion to children and dogs alike. On exhibit at the IN. D. State Parent Teachers Association conveation was the scrapbook display of rural library servieee made by Mrs. Francis Podenski of Edgeley. Shewn viewing It are Dr. O. A. DeLong, state P, T. A. president of Dickinson and Walter L~ner of Grand Forks. This scrapbook was sent as the only state exhibit to the national convention of Parents and Teachers held in Phila- delphia this summer. : !:ii:i That bookmobile service te the radar base would be appreciat- ed by the personnel is evidenced in tkis photo taken at headquarters of the 706th AC & W Squadron nero- Dickinson. Pictured are a/3c Wayne Yales, A/2c Charles Weiner, A/le Walt ~[mons, A/3e Mlks Fattizzo, MaJ. Kenneth Burch, Mrs. Stay, Maj. James L. Simklns, base commander, A/3c Guy Gareia, A/2e Larry Davis and A/2c Gary Ben.son. The state demonstration book- mobile brings books to pony ex- press riders and Indian dancers, to servicemen and Campfire girls as it makes its rounds in the Badlands. Mrs. Margaret Stav, driver- librarian, clocks many miles as she demonstrates the advantages of a bookmobile to the residents of the southwest area of the state. Twin Butte Indian dancers take time out from ceremonial dances to visit the state demonstration bookmobile when it was park- ed on the reservation. Dancers in full regalia pictured with Mrs. Stay are the Bey. John Degenhart, an adopted member of the tribe who is serving as the Congregational minister in the community, and Carl Smith, president of the dances this year. Crude Demand kota ert~de oil for October at month by the Standard Oil Co. 65,672 barrels per day. This rep. refinery in Mandan to reduce its @ Teddy Roosevelt's granddaughter, Mrs. Alldtew Wflllams, Jr and Mr. Williams of Seattle, Wash are shown inspecting the book- mobile when it visited Medora. Theodore Roosevelt Park histerigm Arthur Henderson and Mr. and Mrs. Joe Held. Badlands ranchers, also enjoyed their first vtsit to the mobile library. resents a drop of slightly more crude runs by an average of Down Slightly 2,000 barrel~ per day about 10 per cent. from the record 67,738 set for A refinery official testified the Industrial commm- those who stay. home: . The State September. firm would purchase an e~.imated Campfire Girls it the newly Ol~ ned Camp Nymla on Dlcltln- s 3. Veterans amamea or Killed stun ruesaay se~.me estmmted The reduced demand reflects 41,600 barejs per say aurmg Oc- son Dam enjoy the use of the boekmebtle dllrlmg tlmlr mtmmer i in .s.ervice merit top priority. The n~'ket dema~ .xor Noah I)a- t'" to~er. J.mrmg ~pwm~r me~v aetJvltlu. Mrs. S~tv is 2ew~z with rthe eager readers. Special pre- ]