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The Billings County Pioneer
Beach, North Dakota
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November 3, 1960     The Billings County Pioneer
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November 3, 1960
 

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UYLLINGS COUNTY PION~IER Bismarck Postmaster H. D. ~unahay says the U. S. post of- rice department has completed plans for modernizing post offices located in 106 federal buildings throughout the United States. The post office department dosed some 5,700 post offices from 1953 to 1960, while estab- lishing 629 additional classified stations and branches and 980 contract stations and branches, he said. In more than 80 "metropolitan areas" some 168 million people are new, getting next-day-de- O livery of first mail any- where within their respective areas. A total of 4,886 post office buildings has .been constructed since 1953 under the adminis- tration's plan whereby the gov- ernment leases buildings from private investors. The total in- cludes 39 buildings in North Da- kot~ The Postmaster points out that the program under which an- other 1,600 new buildings will be leased during the current fiscal year "reduces the government's original expenditure substantial- ly but also means substantial additions to the tax rolls in the communities where the new structures are located, since they are not tax exempt." (Editor's note: It should noi~ be necessary to'point out that the federal government of course pays ultimately the total cost of the building, plus any taxes paid by the privat~ investors, plus a rea- sonable profit to the own- ors. Dunahay said agreements have been signed for 1,602 buildings costing more than $100,000,000 to be constructed during the fiscal year ending June 30, 1960. He said he understands that this is part of a program to com- pletely modernize between 12,000 and 15~00 postal facilities dur- ing the next few years. [] May Total Six Million Income tax collections in 196~ will no doubt reach the $6 million mark, according to J. Arthur Engen, State Tax Commissioner. Collections in this category are up 3~6 per cent for the month of September compared to last year and are 9.84 per cent high- er for the first nine months of 1960 than a year ago. If collec- Clans continue at the same rate as last year during October, the total will reach $6 million an0 leave November and December collections to set new records. Totvl collected in September was $228,121. The total for the Jan- uary to September period is $5,- 853,491. In other categories, September collections are down nearly 27 per cent in sales and use tax and up 2.42 per cent in cigarette and snuff taxes. There is no oil production tax report in Septem- ber. Sales and use tax collections for September was $73~508 com- pared to $100,502. This category is now 9.63 per cent behind col- lections for the first nine months of 1959. Cigarette and snuff taxes for the month totaled $294,318, or 2.42 per cent above September of 1959. Total for the year is now slightly more than $2,700,000. Total taxes collected so far in 1960 by Engen's oHice amounts to $21,364~970, which is 1.11 per cent below the $21,605,157 collect- e dthrough September last year. PREPARED BY THE NORTH DAKOTA LEAGUE OF WOMEN VOTERS This report was prepared by the League of Women Voters of North Dakota from information supplied by the candi- dates themselves. It is being distributed by local Leagues throughout the state. The League of Women Voters is a national impartial organization established in 1920 to encourage citizen partici- pation in government. It never supports or opposes any political party or candidate, but it does make every effort to obtain and publicize factual non-partisan information on candidates' views and ballot issues. It is in carrying out this voters service of the League that the following information is presented ANSON J. ANDERSON Anson J. Anderson 54, Bismarck, is a Democratic candidate for U. S. House of Representatives. He was educated in Ransom county schools, stud is a North Dakota public sere- lee commissioner at the present time. HJALMAR C. NYGAARD Hjalmar C. Nygaard, 54. Enderlin, is a Republican candidate for U. S. House of Representatives. He was educated in rural Steele county schools, attended high school at Sharon and attended tw,~ years of college Jn North Dakota He is a re- tail hardware merchant. DON L. SHORT Don L. Short, 56, Medora, is a Republican candidate for U. S. House of Representatives. He re- ceived his education at Pillsbury Academy, Owatonna, Minn.; Mont- ana State College, Bozema~, Mont.; and the University of Minnesota, and is a rancher and farmer, now serving in Congress. RAYMOND G. VENDS~F.J~ Raymond G. Vendsel, 43, Carplo, is a Democratic candidate for U. S. House of Representatives. He re- celved his education in North Da- kota schools, and is a farmer and rancher who has served two ses- sions in the North Dakota State senate. Please describe any additional training and experience you have had, which would qualify you for this office. ANDERSON I NYGAARD: I have served in elected local andI I have served for 12 years as a county offices for 15 years, includ- State Representative in the North ing three terms in the North Dakota Dakota Legislature, including two House of Representatives and six terms as Majority Floor Leader. years as a Public Service CommAs- During the last session I served as smarter. W~ile serving as Ptiblic Ser- Speaker of the House. I have had a vice Commissioner I have conducted life-long interest and participation hearings and assisted in conferences in governmental affairs. that concerned major issues in fed- oral government in many places over ~he United States. SHORT: I have served as president of the North Dakota Stockmen's Assn president of the North Dakota Beef Council, president of the National Beef Council, director of the Man- dan Production Credit Assn mem- ber of the North Dakota Livestock Sanitary Board, member of the 1957 session of ihe North Dakota State House of Representatives aud vice president of the American National Cattlemen's Assn as well as a mem- ber of the 86th Congress. VENDSEL: Serving four years in the U. S. Army during World War II after comvleting basic training, I was al- ways in a position of responsibility and leadership, holding nearly all ranks from Private up to that of Captain. f was a member of the Reserve Of- ficers Corps until April, 1953 I have worked and served as an officer of 4-H groups, and agricultural improve- ment associations. I have served as president of the Carpio PTA, presi- dent of the Caxplo Community Club. member of the North Dakota Stock- men'.~ Assn. Advisory Council and president of the Mouse River Cattle- men's Assn. I served four years as a member of the North Dakota State ~enate. being assistant minority Floor Leader during the 1957 session and Minority Floor Leader during the 1959 session. Committee assignments were Appropriations and Business, IndustlT and Labor. I am presently a mem- ber of the North Dakota Legislative Research Committee. Will you please give your reasons for your support or opposition of the present U. S. foreign economic aid programs? i : ANiYERSON: Foreign aid is essential for the very existence of the free world and especially the U. S.; however, polic- ing is necessary to assure proper dis- tribution, and to stop leaks that now exist. There are many areas in which the U. S. economic programs are doing a good job, such as in aiding the development of the industrial and agricultural economies of foreign na- tions, as well as selling a fair share of our surplus m~nufactured goods and also in ".he disposition of agri- cultural Produce. In many areas these foreign countries helping the people programs could be greatly expanded, to become more self sufficient and with a minimum of taxpayers expense. I believe that more of these monies better qualified to govern them- could be used for Educational and selves. Cultural development in a great num- ber of the foreign countries, such as] in Africa, South America, and F~ast- ern countries of Europe and Asia. VENDSEL: I believe a reasonable and well managed foreign economic aid pro- gram is very necessary. However, more control over expenditures of these funds should be exercised by the U. S. Too many times the lead- ers of countries, who have receiv- ed this aid, have used our funds to more firmly entrench themselves as dictators over their own people, rather than use the money to raise the standard of living of the people. What priori do you believe should be given to balanc- ing the budget? ANDERSON: The budget must be balanced. Sur- plus funds must be encouraged to reduce the deficit. NYGAARD: In stating what priority should be placed on balancing the budget, I would answer that in tills manner. !t is my feeling that the interest of Lhe taxpayer should be early consid- eration, as the defl~it s;:.~nding is con. .~iming far too higu a iFrtiou of the tax dollar, hence the tax dollar is not proviOing the blgh degree of service to the public that it could H the in- terest were not taking its share first. On the other band the needs of the people, the Aged, the ttandieA~pped, the Ill ot Health and other peoFle in need that is not of t}~elr own d ,ing must be cousidered. Our national de- fense must be provided for l~ot or~iy for our protection but for the people of the free world, they need our help. SHORT: VENDSEL: Very high--The fiscal stability of A balanced budget should be the this country is not only vital to the goal of both political parties. However, welfare of America, but to the entire the defense and the internal develop- free world. The Communists would ment of our country should have pri- like nothing better than to see the ority over a balanced budget. Inter- U. S. bankrupt. In these prosperous hal development would include ado- peace times we should be retiring quate educational facilities, reclama- our national debt. tion and water conservation projects. and adequate health programs for our nation's aged citizens. What changes, if any, would you recommend in the present farm price support program? ~ON: Farm support programs must be continued, to assure the farm econ- omy a reasonable income. Acreage control should be changed to busael control to reduce surplus The Soft Bank should be discontinued, or ' changed, so that those participating ~de.~t reside on the latin'to be eligl- NYGAARD: SHORT: VI NDSEL: It ts my feeling that the gap between Since It is impossible to secure an Our U. S. Congress should establish cost of production and price received increase in wheat production for North policy of trying to utilize food for for farm produce is too small and for Dakota due to our present nationalthat which it is intended, namely, to the survival of the agricultural in- surplus I have no change to recom-feed people, both at home and abroad. dustry must be enlarged. This can be mend at this time. North Dakota does The United Nations should set up an done by finding new market, new uses not contribute to our surplus to the International Food Reserve program of these products. If this can not be same extent as some other major to be used around the world to cam- doric, production must be curbed still wheat producing states. There is no bat famine, that is caused by acts farther (but my feeling Is that that real surplus of durum wheat and our of God, and man made economic bar- has gone too far now) in order to dis- surplus of hard spring wheat has de- riers to trade. Our Nation's farmers pose of the surplus In order that the alined 37 million bushels during the are geared for full production of food government stay in the market and Past year. raise the support Prices. My prefer- and they would like to be able to once Is that the new markets and uses participate more fully In our free on- be developed in order that the agri- terprise sYstem. The Soil Bank pro- cultural Industry may again be free to gram should be drastlc~tlly curtailed. operate as the individual desires. Those contracts now In force shoold be honored, hut no new contracts on- into. Support prices at not less Every Cub Scout, Boy Scouz and Explorer of the Boy Scouts of America is being asked to participate in the nation-wide "Get-Out-The-Vote" service pro- ject on Saturday, Oct. 2gth The Freedoms Foundation is providing colorful doorknob hangers which the Scouts will Overworked Your looklng down onto the most heavily traveled stretch of two-lane pavement In the state-- the one between the bridge and Mandan which you share with as many as 1,200 an hour. A recent traffic count reveal- ed average daily traffic of 9,900 vehicles last year, and more than 20 per cent of these are trucks other than Imssenger station wa- gons. pick-ups and passenger C. J. Crawford, planning sur- vey engineer with the North De- kate State highway department, says traffic on the Rismar ~- Man&m strip varies from 12,000 In the summertime to 6.500 in the dead of winter. On the most heavily traveled ~ys, It would take less than ten minutes for both lanes to be packed solid ~It]~ ears for a Bbmar t distribute to every home as 3 re- minder to registered voters to exercise their privilege of vet- mg in the November 8th elec- tions. Over 25,000 hangers will be distributed by the Scouts of the Missiour Slope area. Two-Laner were barriers set up in both hLne. Crawford said that the new Interstate north of Bismarck should take some pressure off the present heavily used high- way. Heaviest traveled stretch of highway in the state is the four .lamer between Fargo and West Fargo, which runs about 2,00~ vehicles a d~y higher than the two-lane highway between Bis- marek and Mandan. --r-]-- The growing crop draws its total plant food from the soil and from added fertilizer. The two ~ourees must be combined or matched to give the plant what it needs for highest pro- duction. Use soll testa Money spent on high grade paint is wasted if the paint is applied in wet or damp weather. June/8 a good month for painting tobe