Newspaper Archive of
The Billings County Pioneer
Beach, North Dakota
November 10, 1960     The Billings County Pioneer
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November 10, 1960

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BILLINGS COUNTY PIONEER SAY, it OVE 2.1 ", MAGGIE -THEN '5TER AND ~) 1960, ]if.lnK F~tu~l Syndicate, In .~ World dghts teRn, e4. nge Farm and ranch numbers in the range area of the Ninth dis- trict's western states declined by more than one-third, to 14,- 823 during the last two decades. This trend is likely to con- tinue with vigor for some time, according to a study prepared by Arivid Knudtson. agricul~r- al economist at the Federal Re- serve Bank of Minneapolis, and presented in the last issue of the bank's Monthly Review. The study, one of a serms of articles on the subject, covers the range area of eastern Mon- tana and the western Dakota-- a semiarid stretch of rolling plains broken by valleys and roughlands. In 1959, 81 per cent of the land in this range area was "harvested" through graz- ing, and only nine per cent through tne raising of crops. (The remaining 10 per cent was in forests, farmsteads, and mis- cellaneous uses.) Agricultural marketings from the area are likewise dominated by livestock and livestock pro- ducts, which account for about three-quarters of the total. In 1~58 the proportion was $172 million out of a $232 million total. Total ranch capital in 1958, at $72,650 per unit, was over one-fifth higher than it had been in 1947-49, the study said. Land investment rose from $33,320 to $46~90, due both to land price advancement and land acquisi- tion. Machinery and equipment investments, up 57 per cent, were the only other capital compon- ents to increase over the same period. Prices paid for mach- inery advanced 49 percent over the same 10-year period, how- ever. Although there are substantial numbers' of sheep in tke range area, it is most favored for cattle which make the most efficient use of the grass available. Over the past five years, the inven- tory of cattle in the range area as of January I has averaged 1.8 million head. as compared to .8 million sheep. In terms of har- vesting capacity, five sheep are equivalent to one adult beef ani- alm, the study explained. Labor utilization on cattle ranches exhibited the same downward trend experienced throughout agriculture, the study stated. The 4,330 total hours of labor expended in 1947-49 drop- ped to 3,880 hours in 1958. in spite of an increase in the size of the farm business. Improvements in cropping, haying, and feeding methods were listed as reasons. In addition to some replacement of labor by machines, efforts were made to offset rising wages through work reorganization. In contrast, labor utilization o:1 the sheep ranches was cited as having increased by about 8 percent, to 8,050 hours, from 1947- 49 to 1958. Yet labor use improv- ed, since volume handled in terms of the size of sheep breed- ing flocks increased 21 percent. The study noted the sheep enter- Tomorrow's Post Office prise is currently in an expan- not exhibited the rapid rise in sion phase, productivity noted in most other PART " The mixed prairie rangeland types of agriculture, partially l @ of the region--consisting of short because of weather which up- and intermediate varieties ofset overall planning, and partial- grasses growing together--pro- ly because both cattle and sheep rides 9 to 10 months of well-raising are long-term programs. balanced grazing and sufficient Impr vements in breeding stock' ~ ~~ forage for winter, when in good although considerable, are made condition, the study said. When much more slowly than in the stocked too heavily, carrying case of poultry, hogs, or crops. capacity and productivity are re --'[:}--- duced. Since the snow-learing Chairmen For action of the wind makes forage available from open range Art Show supplemental feeding seldom exceeds one-half ton of hay throughout most of the winter, Announced per head, equal to o n ly Committee chairmen for the ~) A~ about a third of the hay re- 16th annual Bismarck Art Show I quirement of the high moun- have been announced by Mrs. tain valleys of western Montana. K.O. Tjaden, show director. These factors make the range The show will be held in the area the lowest cost beef-rats- little gymnasium of the World ing area in the Ninth district. War Memorial Building Novem- Weather in the range area is frequently less than cooperative. Many of the region's problems are rooted in a climate of alter- nating periods of wet and dry years. Over a period of wet years, land has been turned to crops; readjustment problems follow- ed with ensuing years of low rainfall and drouth. Drouth, hail, hot winds and early and late frosts are severe, causing wide fluctuations in both livestock and crop production and, consequent- ly, in net incomes. When dry weather depletes stock water and feed supplies, cattlemen must buy feed and cull herds, the study noted. Since all area cattlemen are selling at the same time, cattle prmes drop. When the weather im- proves, they restock at the same time, and prices are bid up- ward. The number of cattle and calves per fa~n tripled during the last 20 years, the study said. A continued shift to marketing younger animals and carrying a higher proportion of breeding animals was termed a major fact- or in improved ranch produc- tivity. The change in the propor- tion of the herd consisting of cows and heifers of producing age--up to 64 percent in 1958 from 46 percent in 1957-49--evi- dences the shift. The study concluded that the productivity trend of livestock producers of the range will al- ways be sharply influenced by the fickleness of the weather. The range livestock industry has ber 3 through 6. The exhibit is open to both amateurs and pro- fessionals, who are or have been residents of North Dakota. Entry blanks may be obtain- ed by writing the Bismarck Art Association. Box 502 Bismarck. Committee chairmen named are Mrs. James Ulmer. gallery; Mrs. H. L. Chaffee, publicity; Mrs. R. E. Tellinghusen, catalo- gue; Mrs. R. L. Bagwell, pro- gram; Mrs. George S. Welsh, selling; Mrs. G. H. Schaumberg, registration; Mrs. George J. Aide, appreciation cards ;Mrs. E. V. Lahr, Jr social; Mrs. Thomas S. Kleppe, hostess; Mrs. Robert L. Miller, luncheon, and Mrs. Leo Zeitlmann, poster and win- dow display. Special assistants are Russell Reid, Norman Paulson. Lavern Larson, George Schaumberg and Miss Ruth Rudser. Oats are more tolerant of MC- PA thnn of 2. 4-D. Apply after the 5 to 6-leaf stage up to the early boot stage. Early jointing is the most sensitive stage dur- ing the spray period. -[~. In the U. S 29 states have laws requiring enrichment of white flour, white bre~d and rolls. In Canada, enrichment is voluntary except in Newfoundland; how- ever, 90 per cent of commercially made white bread is enriched. "Our Nortb Dakota farmers are finally realizing how they have been misled and duped by Democrats who promise every- thing but produce nothing for our farmers," he said. DRUG FLOWN FROM BRITAIN--Capt. Jerry Dodson and Nurse Louise Segesta tend David Terry, 4 months old, at Keesler AFB, Miss where USAF and USN Jet planes flew a new drug, Celebin. from Britain for treatment of the child's seriotm case of pneumonia. David is son of Airman 2/c and Mrs. T. V. Terry of Greenville. Tenn. MAKE SURE THAT r.~p y,~ its6 wlb mJ~ REGISTER and tCourtesy. Walt Disney ProdueUmmJ REPORT ,EARNINGS OF DOMESTICS' Many housewives throughout the country may be violating the social security laws by not re- porting the wages they pay their Ihottsehold help, according to A. R. Aslakson, district manager of the Social Security Admin- istration at Bismarck. Many household employees are still not being reported for so- cial security by their employers although their cash wages from each employer may amount to well over $50 in a 3-month per- iod. This is especially true of "day workers," who work for several employers during the course of a week. Each employer who pays such a worker total of $50 cash wages during the calendar quarter must file a return show- ing the name and social security number of the worker, the amount of her wages, and the social security taxes due. Some employers may not un- derstand their responsibilities under the law. As little pay as $4 a week amounts to more than $50 in a quarter. Also, some household employees may have asked their employers not to file the returns because they do not want to have their share of the social security tax taken out of their pay. The law. however, holds the employer responsible for making the returns and paying the taxes. In not detected by the Internal Revenue Service through routine enforcement procedures, em- ployers who are not filing re- ports may later berequired to do so at more expense and incon- venience. worker applies to her social se- This could happen when a curity office for retirement or disability benefits, or when a survivor of a worker applies for social security benefits after the worker's death. Also, a worker at any time can ask the Social Security- Administration for a record of her social security credits and ask for an investi- gation of any credits missing from that record. An employer found delinquent under those conditions might be liable for the entire tax (work- er's and employer's) for several years back, plus interest and panalties. "We do not like it when this happens," commented Mr. Aslakson. .El, 81LO GAS DF.JUDLY; USE ALL DUE CARE "Silo gas" is always present while silos are being filled and while fermentation is taking place. A few whiffs can permanently damage your lurtgs. A little longer exposure can kill you. "Silo gas" as a common term could eit~her be carbon dioxide, which is always a product of fermenting silage, ur nitrogen dioxide, which varies a great deal in amount, and is unusu- ally heavy where corn has suf- fere~i from drouth or other stun- ring, and has a high nitrate con- tent, e~cplains John J. Zaylskie, NDAC extension safety exper~ Carbon dioxide ~s a suffocat- ing gas. It is colorless m~d odor less. The vi~ctim sXff~ers from lack of oxygen. To lest for car- ,be~ dioxflete, ~uwer a li~,ttted lantern into the suspected area. If it continues to burn as it did in fresh air, the area is safe. If it goes ot~t or "goes dow~", don't enter until the area has been th*oro~ghl~ ventilated. The gas more accurately called "silo gas", nitrogen dioxide, is a poisDning gas. Its color and den- si~ vary with the temperature. At room temperature it is or- ange yellow and 2 times as heavy as air, so tha~ it collects in the bo~tom of the silo or in any depression. As bne temper- ature rises, i~ becomes lighter in densitY, but its color becomes darker. It has a sharp, irri~ating odor. IY there Is any sign, or any suspicion, of this gas, donR en- ter ~t~e area ~ntil ventilation with a blower or ~)ther means has thoroughly cleared the area, Zaylskie warns. When breathed in str~ficient ~antities, nRr~gen dioxide causes cou~faing, a choking sen- sa~lon, and a feeling of extreme weakness. Two or three weeks aftter exposure the victim may get better or he may show sym- ptoms similar io pneumonia. Danger ~)f nRrogein dioxide gas occurs only d~ring s~o filling and while the silage is ferrnent~ Ing. Another feature of tomorrow's post office will be a machine which vends a choice of three denominations of stamps, two sizes of stamped envelopes, a book of stamps, a postal card and a sheet of writing paper and re- turns correct change. The metropolitan post office of tomorrow will undoubtedly include a machine that actually reads the addresses on letters and sorts them. Postmaster Gen- eral Arthur E. shown with S. Lang Makrauer (right), chairman of the execu- tive comm~ttae of Farrington Machines, whose subsidiary firm WEI.L, I SWANI--Firemen catch a crazed man in a leap from a fourth floor apartment building in Stockholm, Sweden. The man drove his mother and others from the building with ]mif~, th~ locked himself in the apartment. Police fired tear gas through the windows, and out he came, like this, without a stitch on except for that foot. GRENADE GUN---Sp/4 Charles L. Greer displays the U.S. Army's new grenade launcher at Fort Myer, Va. It weiglm only six pounds, hu an oversize aluminum barrel that fire8 that nine-ounce grenade (in his right hand) at 2~0 feet per second. The new weapon is designed to fill a need for an explostve between the maximum range of hand