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The Billings County Pioneer
Beach, North Dakota
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December 15, 1960     The Billings County Pioneer
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December 15, 1960
 

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BILLINGS COUNTY PIONEER iF The United States should double its spending on education, reduce joblessness below four per cent and arm adequately "at whatever cost," the nation was advised this week by Presi- dent Eisenhower's Commission on National Goals. Eleven distinguished Ameri- cans serving on the bipartisan national effort in 1960s, as an Eisenhower legacy to the new administration. In several respects the sweeping recommendations approached the "new fron- tiers" program of President- "elect John Kennedy, as spell- ed out in his election cam- palgn. The report cautions that a tax increase may become necessary, but urges that billions of ad- ditional government spending be spent on education, foreign aid, basic research, city redevelop- ment and other programs. President Eisenhower created the commission last January, naming to it leaders in edu- cation, industry, labor, the law and public welfare. The group's chairman is Henry M. Wriston, president-emeritus of Brown um- versity and president of the American assembly, an educa- tional organization established at Columbia university by Mr. Ei- senhower when he headed that institution Frank Pace, Jr former Demo- cratic secretary of the army and now chairman of General Dy- namics Corp is race chairman. AFL-CIO President George Meany entered dissents to sev- eral recommendations, complain- ing that "the commission's re- port marches right up to the is- sues, always faces them boldly, then often turns away, with- out making the necessary, if sometimes unpopular, proposals for attaining the very goals the commission believes necessary." Civil rights recommendations drew a dissent from Colgate W. Darden. Jr former governor of Virginia, who held they want too far. Clark Kerr, president of the University of California, and James R. Killian, Jr Mas- sachusetts Institute of Technol- ogy, both contended that the civil rights recommendations didn't go far enough. Meany and Killian criticized the commission for failing to state a specific goal for growth of the national economy. They said it should have been set at four to five per cent a year, com- pared with 3 per cent, the rate over the past decade. The 30-page document call- ed for these achievements in the 1960-70 decade: OUTRIGHT federal grants for education in states having low per capita income. In other states, federal funds should be matched by the states. FOREIGN policy which pre- serves and reinforces the UN while remaining ready to negot- iate with Russia "on any rea- sonable basis" ENDING racial segregation and sharply lowering racial and re- ligious barriers by 1970 in edu- cation, voting, housing and other fields. (Meany and some others dissented, calling for complete desegregation by 1970.) MILITARY policy of maintain- ing and strengthening the free world's military alliances---but declaring that nuclear disarma- ment "should be our ultimate goal." INCREASED foreign aid. shar- ed equitably by all the major free nations. America's contri- bution should be increased to $5 billion or $5.5 billion a year by 1965. it said, compared with an average of $3.4 billion in recent years. TAX revision, including more liberal depreciation allowances for industry and the closing of tax loopholes. Unemployment should run con- sistently below four per cent of the labor force, the commission said. declaring that the current 6.4 per cent rate is too high. The national output of goods and services can be increased between 3.4 and five per cent a year "without extraordinary stimulating !neasures," the re- port said. "If the growth rate is lower. it will impel consideration of higher taxes, increased quantity of labor, and the greater effort and sacrifice exemplified by forc- ed savings and reduced consump- tion." The nation's basic goals have not changed since 1776, the re- port said--to guard the rights of the individual, insure his de- velopment and enlarge his op. portunity. "In the 1960s every American is summoned to extraordinary personal responsibility, sustained effort and sacrifice, for the na- tion is in grave danger, threaten- ed by the rulers of one-third of mankind, for whom the state is everything, and for whom in- dividual is significant only as he serves the state. Commission on Notional Goals These are the members of President Elsenhower's Commis- sion on National Goals, whose report Is outlined in the a~company- ins article: I~ENR~ M. WRISTON, president of Brown university from 1937 to 1955, chairman. CLARK KERR. University of California president. JAMES R. KILLIAN, JR President Eisenhower's former science adviser. GEORGE MEANY, AFL-CIO president. FRANK PACE, JR General Dynamics Corp. chairman and former secretary of the army. EDWIN D. CANHAM, editor-in-chief of the Christian Science Monitor. JAMES B. CONANT, president of Harvard university from 1933 to 1953. COLGATE W. DA:RDIEN, DR former governor of Virginia and president of the University of Virginia from 1947 to 1959. CRAWFORD H. GREENEWALT, president of Du Pont Co. ALFRED M. GRUENTHF~R, retired general-who was supreme commander of the North Atlantic Treaty organization {NATO} from 1953 to 1956. JUDGE LEARNED HAND, retired United States court of ap- peals judge who was un&hl~ to help draft the report becaust of ill health. Conducted by " ' - SALLY OREMLAND WASHING MACHINE CONTROVERSY; AMMONIA (Mrs. L. G Mandan) I've been reading-the letters on washing machines and I'd like to ~dd my two bits' worth on the subject. As the mother of three children, I feel I have something to say. Anyone who thinks it is cheap- er not to own a washing machine must have rocks in her head -- and I don't mean to be insulting, either. I find I must wash at least two loads a day to keep up with the laundry which accumulates and I know some women do theil wash oftener. At this rate you can go broke at a laundromat. I also prefer the automatic washer, and I've found the cost to run and the upkeep on them so little above the cost and up- keep of a regular washer that it's almost negligible. Also they are wonderful for washing real- ly dirty items as you never have to put your hands in the water to rinse clothes, and for the same reason they are also fine for women who have soap and other allergies. They are also wonderful for drying things. And they save time 'because you can shop or do other work while -our clothes wash. or put in a load at bedtime and have it all done and waiting to hang out first thing in the morning. To the reader who asked about whether ammoma was harmful in dishwashing: It's not pois- onous diluted in dish or wash water and it will get glasses nice and clean, but I found it aw- fully hard on the hands after a while. WHAT TO DO? ,Mrs. C. S Bismarck) When laundering dark color- ed towels, how does one pre- vent the color from running? APOSTI./E POIEM ~Mrs. A. C Mandan) Here is the poem requested by Mrs. H. W Bismarck. These are the twelve Apostles }]ames: Peter and Andrew. John and James Two pair of brothers beside the sea When Jesus said, 'Come. follow me." Then James the Less and Thaddeus. too: Phillip and also Bartholomew. Mathhew.and Thomas who doubted His word, Simon and Judas Who sold His Lord. SWEATER STAIN? (S. L Bismarck) I recently washed a lovely hand-knit white wool sweater I tried to take out some spots, while washing, with a quick ap- plication of household bleach Immediately the wool turned brown where the bleach touch- ed it. So I then applied a powd- er bleach which is made for synthetic fabrics. This did no harm that I can see, but did not h~p either, and the large tan. stains are still there, ruining the sweater. Can anyone tell me how to get rid of them? Would dry cleaning help? Many thanks to anyone who can give me the answer. s t * REMOVE PAINT? ~Mrs, A. S Bismarck) Could someone" please tell me how to clean paint off bathroom tile? It is plastic tile. pink and blue in color. MOTHBALL CENTFA~PIECE For Mrs. G. K Mandan. to make a ,bouncing snowball cen- terpiece, fasten a candle snow man or snowball (or Santa Claus candle) to the bottom of a bat- tery jar of fish bowl with mod- eling clay or melted tallow. Fiit the bowl with water, then add 15 to 20 moth balls. 1 teaspoon citric acid. l teaspoon baking soda. The mixture keeps the molh balls bouncing up and ~,wn for some time. When the b~bbing slackens, add more soda and citric acid (c.;tric acid is harm- less). Set the bowl on a few greens for a cool looking centec. piece. Reports Confuse Tires, Chains And Snowiires A Universlty of Wisconsin r~- search professor who has con- ducted winter driving tests on Wisconsin's ice and snow for the past dozen years has reveal- ed that some winter tire adver- tisers occasionally "get carried away and present misleading in- formation which is unfair to the majority of compames which stick to factual information." He calls attention to a nation- al safety committee resolution warning that "misleading adver- tising concerning non-skid pro- perties of tires can oecome an in- direct cause of costly traffic tie- ups and painful accidents by leading motorists into taking risks of which they are not fully aware." He is Prof Arehie H. Easton. director of the Motor Vehicle Research Laboratory at the Uni- versity of Wisconsin. who points to results of comprehensive tests by the National Safety Coun- cil's Committee on Winter Driv- ing Hazards. He is chairman of the committee and is described as the outstanding authority on "coefficients of friction as relat- ed to winter road surfaces." Prof. Easton's favorite sub- ject, when he isn't teaching his engineering classes at the Uni- versity, is to talk about the facts of safe winter driving. He points out that during snow-ice months rural traffic death rates are three times higher than in urban areas. Having risked his limbs and life time and again in winter test driving, Easton can tell about hundreds of test results with all types of vehicles, tire treads and chains to reduce dang- ers of skidding or stalling. He recommends that all snow-belt drivers, particularly those in rural communities, study the fol- lowing facts: WINTER STARTING -- When it comes to starting and pulling ability on glare ice, snow tires are 28 per cent better than reg- ular tires: regular tire chains are 231 per cent better, while reinforced tire chains are 409 per cent better. On loosely packed snow, the snow tires are 51 per cent better than regular tires. whereas reinforced tire chains provide 313 per cent better traction. STOPPING ABILITY -- On glare ice. at only 20 mph, brak- ing distances for regular tires average 195 feet. Snow tires take 174 feet, regular tire chains 99 feet, and reinforced tire chains 77 feet. At 20 mph on loosely packed snow. regular tires stop- ped in 60 feet, snow tires 52 feet, regular tire chains 46 feet and reinforced tire chains 38 feet. B A S I C CONCLUSIONS Prof. Easton summarizes other basic conclusions from his win- ter driving tests, to aid drivers m 43 snow-belt states just be- fore servere weather and road conditions set in. as follows: 1 The most hazardous win- SCOUTS SURVIVE T~GEDY AT SEA--Rescued Boy Scouts d,~ out aboard the Coast Guard cutter Comanche, which piG ~ them up off San Luis Obispo, Calif. They had been on a father-son outing when a giant wave swamped their boat and washed 9 men and boys overboard. Two fathers were lost. ~er surface condition is ice near or at the freezing temperature; 2. Braking distances on win- ter surfaces are 3 to 12 times as great as those on bare pave- ment: 3. Tires and traction devices hsted in lhe approximate order of increasing effectiveness on winter surfaces are as follows: A. Smooth tires--very poor in cornering. Should not be used. R. Regular tires--inadequate under many winter conditions. C. Winterized tire (t r e a d treatment or breakout materiaD provide better traction on ice. not much improvement in snow over regular tires. D. Mud-snow modern design provide better snow and ice fraction than regular tires. E. Embedded metal coils, ser- pentine ribs - provide better snow and ice traction than regular tires. Effective on wet ice. F. Sanders - performance out- standing in traction on ice only. G. Regular round wire tire chairs - good stop-and-go per- formance on me and snow. Side- skid resistance low compared to reinforced tire chains. H. Reinforced tire chains - best in overall performance on both ice and snow. WHAT TO DO? -- 1. A driver should select the tire that best suits his situation and supple- ment it by always having rein- forced tire chains available in the car trunk They are often needed for severe conditions. 2. Pump brakes to reduce skidding, maintain steering con- trol. and shorten stopping dis- tance. Use brakes judiciously to evaluate road surface if ques- tionable. 3. If a vehicle begins to skid, the driver should reduce the power and turn the steering wheel in the direction of the rear end skid until recovery begins. 4. The aplication of power and steering forces should be gradual and smooth on winter surfaces. 5. Use recommended tire pres- sures for best tire performance on ice. ,~ . 13.6% OF INCOME IS FOR BOUNTIES From spm'tsmen's 1 i c e n s c money, $64,225.00 was earmarked for the Bounty Fund last year, announced Game and Fish Com- missioner I. G. Bue. Since the sale of small game licenses declined decidely last year, the agnount of license money earmarked for the Bounty Fund was $6,475.00 less than i' was the year before. However. the amount going into this specia- fund made up 13.6 percent of the game and fish department's regu. lar income, as compared to 13.5 percent the previous year, The department receives no state tax TB Poster Art Judges Announced The judges for the "Art Against TB" poster project now m progress in the junior and sen;.or high schools in North Da- kota. were announced recently ,by Edward L. Sypnieski, ex- cutive director of the North D