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The Billings County Pioneer
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December 20, 1945     The Billings County Pioneer
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December 20, 1945
 

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I I I I I I~- THE BILLINGS COUNTY PIONEER DAY OF SUDGMENT FOR ALL . . . The accused at Nuernberg trials are shown in lower left. They include Goerlng, Hess, Von Ribbentrop, Keitel, Rosenberg, Frank, Frick, Strelcher, Funk, Schacht, Doenitz, Raeder, Von Schirach, Sauckel, $odi, Von Papen, Speer, Yon Neurath and Fritsche. Upper photo shows the court of- ficials. Lower right, the entrance is being carefully guarded by American troops. The records contain his- torical evidence that would ordinarily require years of research to compile. DOIA~ TO AID SANTA CLAUS . . . Photo shows left to right, Marllyn MacGregor, Warren, Ohio; Betty Rez- per, Durham, N. C.; Frances Tibbetts, Melrose, Mass and Elizabeth Peterson, Cornwall, Pa as they sit amozd~ some of the 1,000 dolls that will be delivered to social agencies and through them to poor children con- fined in hospitals. The dolls were provided by students at Wellesley college, Wellesley, Mass. TO HAVE AN EARLY CHRISTMAS . . . "Dear Santa," writes pain- wracked three-year-old Marvle Clark, with the ~id of his mother, Edna Clark. But Marvle will never know Santa's response, for doctors have I told his parents that Marvle cannot llve until Chrlstmss. S IS STILL RUNNING . . . Dr. Karl Kobelt, newly elected president of Switzerland, did not stop rmming when he was recently elected to office. WINS LAMB AWARD Wayne Dlsch, 15, Evansville, Ind with his pen of three Southdown lambs that won the junior championship at Chicago market fat stock show, held during the 24th Nationsl 4-H club congress. The average weight of the animals is 110 pomads. The Interm~Uonal, re- placed this year by the market fat stock show, will take place in 1946. A nationwide 4-H club program Is directed by federal, state and county exten- sio~ services. The national committee on boys and iris club work Is pri- vately supported by voluntary groups of interested citizens. SENSATIONAL FOOTBALLER . . . Herman Wedemeyer, Hawaiian- born halfback of the St. Mary's Gaels, selected as "the most uscfu} player on the Pacific coast." He will play with the Moraga, Calif team against Oklahoma A & M in the Sugarbowl classic at New Orleans. '! By Edward Emerine, WNU Features. THE mellowness of the old, the bustle of the new, the promise of the future. That is Alabama. The stately ancestral mansions still remain but coal and iron mines nearby now teem with human activ- Ity. A forest of virgin timber may surround a forest of active smoke- stacks. The easy-going crossroads general store is not far from a mod- ern highway or an airport. A great oak which sheltered Fernando De- Soto holds its hoary moss over a laboratory where chemical magic is performed. Here is a hall where once swirled crinolines beneath thousand-candled chandeliers, and down the same street is a modern office building where business af- fairs are discussed. That's versatile, gracious Alabama. The word "Alabama" in the Mus- kegean Indian tongue literally means "vegetation gatherers," or "thicket clearers." And well the word may, for Alabama's 200 types of soil grow more than 4,400 species of trees and plants as well as most of the agricultural products known to the temperate zone! Average annual rainfall is 53.87 inches, while the average annual temperature ranges from 60 degrees F. in the northern part of the state to 67 degrees F. near the coast. The growing season ranges from 190 days in the north- ern part to 300 days on the southern coast. Cheaha mountain, the state's high- est point, is 2,407 feet above sea level. Alabama stretches 336 miles from the Appalachian mountains to the Gulf of Mexico. Not only is Alabama the land c,f corn and cotton. It also grows pea- nuts, hay and oats, truck crops and fruits, and in many sections has specialties such as water cress, gladioli and peonies, as well as its famed azaD~as and camelia japoni- cas. There are many commercial nurseries. In 1944, there were 1,255,000 head of cattle in the state, both beef and dairy type. Alabama has over a mil- lion head of hogs and 17,000,000 chickens. (Southern-fried? Yes, lots of 'era!) Alabama leads the nation in the shipment of live bees and queens. Beneath the rich top soil, too, Ala- bama has great wealth. Its mines produce coal, iron ore, flake graph- ite, and clay and shale for brick- readily available for the manufac- ture of iron and steel. Alabama's state government has been streamlined. The state treas- ury holds a surplus of 40 million dollars. Its industries are expand- ing. Agriculture is prosperous. Na- tural resources are being conserved and wisely utilized. Rich by na- ture, Alabama is made richer by man's skill and intelligence. Ala- bamans travel toward new horizons, Alabama passed through the throes of reconstruction after the Civil war, but~ emerged into a new era of development w.hich continues steadily. With a temperate climate, fertile soil and raw materials, the possibilities for advancement and progress are portrayed vividly against the mellowness of the old South down in Alabama, where ple are proud to say: "This is our homeland." INDIAN MOUNDS. WATERFALLS Alabama's good highways and all- year- 'round climate bring scenic points close'to those who live in the cities. Above picture shows the highest of the many Indian mounds found in the state. On the right is one of the state's famous waterfalls. With a rich historical baelkground.~ Alabama has hundreds of old mansions and other spots for tourists to visit. The Alabama Memorial building is a treasure-house of documents, pictures and relics of the stirring days of '61 and other periods of the state's history. Every town retains its historical interest. In sharp contrast to virgin forests and waterfalls are the smokestacks of Alabama's industrial plants, the busy life of its cities and its many airports. making. It has sandstone and marble for building, bauxite as a source for aluminum, quartmte and rock as- phalt. Five oil wells are now pro- dt~cing in Choctaw county. In industry, the state has lumber, shipbuilding, textiles, mines, ce- ment, pipe plants, chemicals, steel, aluminum, hydroelect~ plants and dozens of others whic~se by-prod- ucts and farm products in manufac- turing and processing. The annual value of products manufactured in Alabama is more than twice the value of all farm products. Large industries using the state's natural resources have been successfully operating over long pe- riods of years. The largest manttf~c- turer of cotton ginning machinery in the world began its work in Ala- bama 136 years ago ir~Prattville. Large textile mills have operated 100 years. The iron aj~l steel industry is con- centrated i~Sthe Birmingham dis. trict. Necessary coal and ore are But they do not forget their heri- tage of the past. DeSoto and his Spaniards passed through the lower Gulf country in 1540. Once a part of Louisiana, it was old Fort Louis de la Mobile on Mobile river that was made the capital in 1702. Mobile at its present site dates from 1711. Later Alabama was a part of the territory of Mis- sissippi, formed in 1798, but be- came a separate territory in 1817 and a state in 1819. St. Stephens was the territorial capital, and Huntsville was the temporary seat of the first state government. Ca- hawba was the first state capital site, but the government moved to Tuscalool~ In 1828. It was not until 1847 that Montgomery beeame the permanent seat. When Alabama seceded from the Union on January 11, 1861, the dele- gates from the southern states met at Montgomery and selected Jeffer- son Davis as president of the Con- federacy. He w~ inaugurated at the present state capital. GOVERNOR CflAUNCEY SPARKS Elected governor in 1942, Chains- cey Sparks, a bachelor, was a law- yer, judge and legislator before m- terlng his high office He was tmrm at ~ufaula, Ala. He B/~a graduate et Mercer university, Macon, and a member of the Baptist church. Alabama's Forests The forests of Alabama 'consUtate one of Its greatest assets, supporting 2,500 sawmills, 5 paper and pulp mills and 133 other wood-uslng indus- tries, and giving employment to IM - 000 people. The state has approximately L~ million acres of Torest growth. some lands are cleared other lands are being planted to trees. Pines, cypress, red cedar and hemlock are principal soft woods, while hard woods include oak, red gum, etc. ~t