Newspaper Archive of
The Billings County Pioneer
Beach, North Dakota
December 22, 1960     The Billings County Pioneer
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December 22, 1960

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BILLINGS COUNTY PIONEER THE REVEREND'$ GEI~ING ROOKED--Gray Sldwell (left) and the Rev. David H, MeAlpin Jr. are shown in one of the rare moments they were together as they played a chess game for a month in a jewelry store window in Princeton, N.J. They would appear singly, study the situation, make a move, then go away and opponent would do the same. SldweU won. FARMS CONTINUE TO INCREASE IN SIZE The trend to fewer and larger farms, which began in the late 1930's in North Dakota, still con- tinues. About 7.000 farms have "disappeared" since 1945. And the reduction in number and size of farms is going on at a faster pace than it did in the 5-year period of 1950-54. "No," says Dr. Fred R. Taylor, agricultural economist at NDAC. "Actually, these trends are strengthening family farming by providing adequate size, and thus adequate income, to a family farm unit. They allow more ade- quate returns on capital and labor and provide a better living for the farm families that man- age and operate them." What are the reasons for the changes in farm size? "Probably the result of technological chang- es taking place in North Da- kota agriculture," Dr. Taylor be- lieves. "Requirements for larger units to make more efficient use of machinery and equipment and provide more adequate returns on capital and labor are zmport- ant factors affecting these chang- es in the average size of a farm." According to U. S. agricultural census data, the average sized farm in North Dakota in 1959 was 755 acres, an increase of 79 acres per farm over the 1954 census figures. This amounts to an average loss of about 1,400 farms per year during the S- year period of 1954-59. a faster pace than during the previous 5-year period when the average loss of farms was 691 farms per year. There was a reduction of some 411,000 acres of land in farms and about 1.8 million acres of cropland harvested, the latter mostly due to land placed in the soil bank. Williams county was high with a reduction of 406 farms and Slope and McIntosh counties were low with reduc- tions of 65 and 66 farms. The per. centage decrease in number of farms varied from a high of 29 per cent in Sioux county to a low of 6 per cent in McIntosh eount~. SWEATER STAIN ~Mrs. F. C Bismarck) For S. L.: Your bleach did not leave a pure tan stain but act- ually denatured the protein in the wool. I lma~me the best pro- cedure would be to have the sweater re-dyed in a shade dark- er than the treated "stain." Dry cleaning will not help since the color is in the fibers. Never use a chlorine bleach on animal products-- sponge, leather, silk and w~ol. WAFFLE IRON? ~Mrs. H. S Mandan) Can some kind reader please gwe me instructions on "break- m~ in" new waffle iron? I am sure there must be some preliminary method in the first use of it. Thanks to anyone who can jaelp, me. IVASHING GLASSES ~Mrs. F P. Bismarck) For sparkling glassware, use a good detergant, not soap. Run Dot, hot water in sink after pouring in ample amount of de- tergent. Be sure all detergent is dissolved. Then place dishes and glassware, one piece at a time, one modern device. 1Yfy machine has never broken down in the five years that I've had it; it is so simple to operate that our seven year-old can Condt cted by wash his own clot~aes. All of our curtains, slipcovers, and even SALLY OREMLAND gre~asy dust rags and polishing cloths (which I can't imagine so each is coated with hot, sud- taking to a laundromat) can be sy water. I also add silverware, washed in it. My husband and While I wipe off the table,etc children love ours so that they or sweep the kitchen floor, t~he automatically take the clothes dishes are soaking in hot water out of it and hang them up too h